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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2011.tde-09042012-125602
Document
Author
Full name
Davi Cordeiro Moreira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Ricci, Paolo (President)
Avelino Filho, George
Barberia, Lorena Guadalupe
Title in Portuguese
Benefícios tributários federais e conexão eleitoral: a concessão de benefícios referentes ao PIS, à COFINS e à CSLL
Keywords in Portuguese
Benefício tributário
Conexão eleitoral
Executivo e legislativo
Grupos de interesse
Políticas públicas
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta dissertação analisa os padrões de atuação dos representantes políticos brasileiros responsáveis pela concessão de benefícios tributários referentes ao PIS, à COFINS e à CSLL a setores e atividades econômicas do país durante os governos de Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002) e de Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-2010). O objetivo principal é contribuir com a literatura da ciência política brasileira que analisa a conexão eleitoral e o papel dos Poderes Executivo e Legislativo na formulação de políticas públicas. A hipótese central é que a formulação desta política está submetida à agenda da coalizão governista e não pode ser atribuída aos anseios individuais dos políticos brasileiros, devido ao padrão de concentração de poderes no interior do processo legislativo. Com ênfase qualitativa, adotaram-se os dispositivos legais que concedem e delimitam o acesso aos benefícios tributários como principal unidade de análise do conteúdo legislativo. As conclusões apontam para a não existência de uma conexão eleitoral baseada na atividade individual do representante político, já que outras variáveis - para além do sistema eleitoral - influenciam tanto o comportamento dos representantes brasileiros quanto a aquisição de benefícios por parte de setores e atividades da economia nacional. Ao invés de ser individualmente concretizada, nossa análise aponta no sentido de dizer que a relação entre Estado e grupos de interesse no Brasil é partidariamente construída.
Title in English
Federal Tax Benefits and Electoral Connection in Brazil: the granting of benefits related to PIS, COFINS and CSLL
Keywords in English
Electoral connection
Executive and legislative
Interest groups
Public policy
Tax benefit
Abstract in English
This thesis analyzes the standard procedure of the political representatives in Brazil who are responsible for the granting of tax benefits related to PIS, COFINS and CSLL to economic sectors and activities in the country during the governments of Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002) and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-2010). The main objective is to contribute to the political science literature that examines the Brazilian electoral connection and the role of executive and legislative branches in formulating public policy. The central hypothesis is that the formulation of these policies is subject to the agenda of the governing coalition and can not be attributed to the individual desires of Brazilian politicians, due to the pattern of concentration of powers within the legislative process. With a mixed methods design, we have adopted the legal provisions that grant and restrict access to tax benefits as the main unit of analysis. The conclusions point to the absence of an electoral connection based on the individual activity of the political representative, since other variables beyond the electoral system influence the behavior of the Brazilian representatives as well as the acquisition of benefits by sectors and activities of the national economy. Instead of being individually built, our analysis indicates that the relationship between state and interest groups in Brazil is built on party behavior.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-04-09
 
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