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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.76.2018.tde-25052018-094308
Document
Author
Full name
Camila Cardoso
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Paiva, Fernando Fernandes (President)
Castellano, Gabriela
Fortulan, Carlos Alberto
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da morfologia de rochas sintéticas através de imagens por Ressonância Magnética
Keywords in Portuguese
Imagens por Ressonância Magnética
Meios porosos
Rochas sintéticas
Abstract in Portuguese
Uma área de aplicação da Ressonância Magnética (RM) que tem crescido recentemente é a de meios porosos, principalmente devido ao interesse da indústria petrolífera. Entretanto, até o presente momento, muito do que foi feito se baseia em medidas de relaxometria, o que impossibilita qualquer tipo de avaliação espacial desses meios. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo principal desenvolver, implementar e avaliar a aplicabilidade de métodos de imagens por RM para o estudo da morfologia de meios porosos. Esses sistemas apresentam tempos de relaxação bastante curtos, além de diferenças de susceptibilidade entre as paredes da rocha e os poros, o que compromete a qualidade dos dados de RM. Por essa razão, no presente trabalho nos concentramos em avaliar as imagens obtidas por RM, no que se refere à morfologia, usando imagens obtidas por microtomografia como referência. Os resultados revelaram que, apesar da variação na susceptibilidade do meio e dos baixos tempos de relaxação, o comprometimento na avaliação final esteve abaixo da resolução espacial da técnica e, portanto, não se configura como um limitante. Isso sugere que a técnica de imagens por RM pode contribuir para o estudo de meios porosos. Embora a microtomografia já ofereça bons resultados para o estudo de morfologia, imagens por RM devem viabilizar a investigação não invasiva de problemas nos quais a dinâmica de fluidos é relevante, o que ainda representa um desafio na área de estudos de meios porosos.
Title in English
Study of the morphology of synthetic rocks through Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Keywords in English
Magnetic Resonance
Porous media
Synthetic rocks
Abstract in English
A recently growing application area of Magnetic Resonance (MR) is that of porous media, mainly due to the interest from the petrol industry. However, until the present moment, however, most of what has been done is based on relaxometry measures, which forbids any kind of special evaluation of these media. The objective of this work was to develop, implement and evaluate the applicability of MR imaging methods for the study of the morphology of porous media. These systems have very short relaxation times and considerable susceptibility differences between the rock walls and the pores, both of which compromise the quality of the data obtained via MR. For this reason, in this current work we focused on evaluating the MR images, with respect to morphology, using images obtained via microtomography as reference. Our results showed that, despite the susceptibility variations on the media and the short relaxation times, the errors in the final evaluation were below the spatial resolution threshold and, therefore, are not considered as a limiting factor. This suggests that MR imaging techniques can indeed contribute to the study of porous media. Although microtomography already offers good results on morphology studies, MR imaging can turn feasible the non-invasive investigation of problems on which the fluid dynamics is relevant, an issue which still represents a challenge in the study of porous media.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-06-27
 
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