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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.76.2002.tde-11062008-101210
Document
Author
Full name
Patricia Targon Campana
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2002
Supervisor
Committee
Beltramini, Leila Maria (President)
Araujo, Ana Paula Ulian de
Ito, Amando Siuiti
Silva, Jerson Lima
Ward, Richard John
Title in Portuguese
Desnaturação e renovelamento de lectinas oligoméricas ligantes de D-galactose: estudos no equilíbrio termodinâmico
Keywords in Portuguese
Dicroísmo circular
Enovelamento
Fluorescência
Lectina
Proteína
Abstract in Portuguese
O estudo de enovelamento de proteínas tem sido um problema de fundamental importância em biofísica e biologia molecular. Neste trabalho, estudamos os processos de desnaturação e renovelamento das lectinas jacalina e frutalina. Estas lectinas são tetraméricas, apresentam alta homologia estrutural, porém diferem em atividade biológica, sendo a frutalina mais potente. Apesar desta homologia, estas lectinas diferem também nos processos de desnaturação e renovelamento como função da temperatura e o comportamento frente ao desnaturante químico hidrocloreto de guanidina (GndHCl). Ambas proteídas foram desnaturadas pela ação de GndHCl e suas curvas de desnaturação medidas por espectroscopia de fluorescência e CD. As medidas de fluorescência da frutalina deram valores de estabilidade conformacional de 17,12 kJ/mol e 12,34 kJ/mol, na presença e na ausência de D-Galactose, enquanto a jacalina forneceu valores de 8,12 kJ/mol para a transição NI e 5,61 kJ/mol para a transição IU em PBS. Os valores na presença de açúcar foram similares. NOs estudos da frutalina foram separadas as formas nativa, desnaturada, renovelada e uma forma molecularmente distinta chamada mal-enovelada, por cromatografia de exclusão molecular. Estas formas foram analisadas por atividades hemaglutinante e espectroscopias de CD e fluorescência. Todos os resultados obtidos confirmaram a ocorrência do renovelamento de ambas lectinas e que os monômeros renovelados, depois de alcançarem sua estrutura tridimensional, se associam espontaneamente para a formação dos tetrâmeros.
Title in English
Folding and Unfolding of frutalin lectin
Keywords in English
Circular dichroism
Fluorescence
Folding
Lectin
Protein
Abstract in English
Protein refolding is currently a fundamental problem in biophysics and molecular biology. We have studied the refolding process of jacalin and frutalin. They are tetrameric lectins that present structural homology, buti jacalin shows a more marked biological activity than the latter. These proteins, despite their homology, have different unfolding/refolding behaviors as function of temperature and chemical agents. Both proteins were unfolded induced by guanidine hydrochlroide and their dnaturation curves mesuared by fluorescence emission and CD. Fluorescence measurments of frutalin gave values of conformational stability of 17.12 kJ/mol and 12.32 kJ/mol, in the presence and absence of D-Galactose, while jacaline gave values of 8.12 kJ/mol for NI transition and 5.61 kJ/mol for IU transition in PBS. In sugar presence the values are similar. In the frutalin studies were separeted the native, unfolded, refolded and a distinct molecular form denoted misfolded, by Size Exclusion Chromatography. These forms were analyzed for hemagglutination activity, CD and fluorescence spectroscopy. All the results obtained confirmed the successful refolding of the both lectins and the refolded monomers, after adopting their native three-dimensional structures, spontaneously assembled to form tetramers.
 
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PatriciaCampanaD.pdf (8.95 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2008-06-11
 
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