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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.76.2004.tde-06062007-184308
Document
Author
Full name
Hamilton Barbosa Napolitano
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Oliva, Glaucius (President)
Castellano, Eduardo Ernesto
Ferro, Jesus Aparecido
Guimarães, Beatriz Gomes
Silva, Flávio Henrique da
Title in Portuguese
Estudos estruturais da enzima fosforribosilpirofosfato sintase de cana-de-açúcar
Keywords in Portuguese
Cristalografia de proteínas
Difração de raios X
Fosforribosilpirofosfato sintase
Abstract in Portuguese
A fosforribosilpirofosfato sintase de cana-de-açúcar [sPRS] (EC: 2.7.6.1) é uma enzima de central importância em muitas vias metabólicas envolvida na produção do 5-fosforribosil-1-pirofostato [PRPP] a partir da ribose-5-fosfato [R5F]. O gene da sPRS, seqüenciado como parte do projeto SUCEST, codifica para uma proteína com 328 aminoácidos e massa molecular 36,6 KDa. Essa proteína, após expressa heterologamente em Escherichia coli e purificada, foi cristalizada e submetida a experimentos de difração de raios X. A partir dos métodos cristalográficos e da modelagem por homologia pôde-se construir um modelo tridimensional. Cada subunidade da unidade biológica homohexamérica da sPRS correlaciona-se simetricamente com as demais através de um eixo de ordem 2 perpendicular a outro de ordem 3, formando uma simetria pontual 32. Experimentos de atividade enzimática para a sPRS indicam independência da sua atividade catalítica ao íon fosfato. Através do estudo comparativo entre a sPRS e sua homóloga fosforribosilpirofosfato sintetase de Bacillus subtillis [bPRS] (fosfato dependente) pudemos identificar similaridades estruturais na região do sítio catalítico e significativas diferenças no sítio alostérico. Os resultados revelam que essas diferenças estruturais na região do sítio alostérico são consistentes com a diferença funcional observada, sendo um importante passo rumo a compreensão da correlação estrutura-atividade para a sPRS fosfato independente.
Title in English
Structural studies of the sugarcane enzyme phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthase
Keywords in English
Phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthase
Protein crystallography
X-ray diffraction
Abstract in English
The sugarcane phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthase [sPRS] (EC:2.7.6.1) is an enzyme of central importance in severa1 pathways in all cells and produce the 5-phosporybosyl-1-pyrophosphate [PRPP] from the ribose-5-phosphate [R5F]. The gene of the sPRS was sequenced as part of the SUCEST project, encodes to 328 aminoacid protein with a molecular weight of 36,6 KDa. After being expressed in Escherichia coli and purified, the sPRS enzyme was crystallized and diffraction experiments were undertaken. From crystallographic methods and molecular modeling the tri-dimensional model was built. Each subunit of the sPRS homo-hexameric biological unit is symmetrically connected to the others through a 2-fold axis perpendicular to another 3-fold axis forming a 32 point symmetry. The sPRS enzyme activity assay indicates its independence of the presence of the phosphate ion. Through the comparative studies between the sPRS and the homologue from Bacillus subtillis phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase [bPRS] (phosphate dependent) we were able to identify structural similarities on the catalytic site and insightful differences on the allosteric site. These results show that structural differences in the allosteric site are consistent with functional difference observed and are an important step toward structure-activity comprehension for sPRS phosphate independent.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-06-11
 
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