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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.76.2007.tde-14022011-095643
Document
Author
Full name
Paulo Henrique Dias Ferreira
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Mendonça, Cleber Renato (President)
Bernardez, Andrea Simone Stucchi de Camargo Alvarez
Giacometti, José Alberto
Title in Portuguese
Controle da fluorescência excitada por dois fótons no polímero conjugado MEH-PPV através da formatação pulsos ultracurtos
Keywords in Portuguese
Controle coerente
Fluorescência
Pulsos ultracurtos
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho foi investigado o controle do processo de fluorescência excitada por absorção de dois fótons no polímero conjugado MEH-PPV, utilizando um sistema de formatação espectral da fase dos pulsos ultracurtos. Para tal estudo, foi utilizado um oscilador laser de Ti:Safira (15 fs, ~ 800 nm e largura de banda de 60 nm). Através de dois distintos métodos de formatação, observa-se a influência destes no processo de fotodegradação do MEHPPV, inferido pela diminuição da intensidade do sinal de fluorescência. No primeiro método de formatação, é estudada a influência de diferentes chirps impostos aos pulsos no processo de fluorescência do MEH-PPV. Observa-se uma menor taxa de fotodegradação para pulsos com maiores chirps, independente do sinal, em comparação a pulsos no limite de transformada. Esse efeito foi relacionado ao acréscimo na duração temporal dos pulsos com chirp, com consequente diminuição da intensidade. Numa segunda etapa, através do uso de um espelho deformável, a fase espectral do pulso é formatada usando uma máscara de fase senoidal. Neste caso, a intensidade de fluorescência foi modulada em aproximadamente 25%, num claro processo de controle coerente, sem nenhuma diferença apreciável no processo de fotodegradação. Desta forma, técnicas de controle coerente com formatação espectral da fase poderiam ser utilizadas para modular a intensidade do sinal de fluorescência no MEH-PPV, sem detrimento ao processo fotodegradativo.
Title in English
Control of the two-photon excited fluorescence in the conjugated polymer MEH-PPV by pulse shaping
Keywords in English
Coherent control
Fluorescence
Ultrashort pulses
Abstract in English
In this work we studied the control of two-photon excited fluorescence in the conjugated polymer MEH-PPV, using pulse-shaping techniques to manipulate the pulse spectral phase. The experiments were carried out with a Ti:sapphire laser oscillator (15 fs, ~ 800 nm and 60 nm of bandwidth). We investigated the influence of two distinct pulse-shaping methods in the MEH-PPV photodegradation, inferred by the decrease in the fluorescence intensity. In the first method, we studied the effect of different pulse chirps on the MEH-PPV fluorescence. A smaller photodegradation rate was observed for pulses with higher chirps, independently of its sing, in comparison with pulses close to the Fourier Transform limit. This effect was attributed to the increase in the pulse duration for chirped pulses, and consequent decrease in the pulse intensity. In a second stage, we modulate the pulse spectral phase by employing a senoidal phase mask though a deformable mirror. In this case, a 25% modulation in the fluorescence intensity was determined, whereas no considerable effect was observed in the photodegradation. In this way, coherent control techniques employing spectral phase pulse-shaping could be used to modulate MEH-PPV fluorescence, without any negative effect to its photodegradation.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-05-17
 
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