• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.76.1999.tde-11092007-110102
Document
Author
Full name
Marilia Wellichan Mancini
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 1999
Supervisor
Committee
Marcassa, Luis Gustavo (President)
Cesar, Claudio Lenz
Napolitano, Reginaldo de Jesus
Title in Portuguese
Perdas colisionais devido ao processo de mudança de estrutura fina em uma armadilha magneto-óptica de rubídio
Keywords in Portuguese
Armadilha magneto-óptica
Mudança de estrutura fina
Rubídio
Abstract in Portuguese
Observamos neste trabalho o processo de mudança de estrutura fina em colisões entre átomos de 85Rb resfriados e aprisionados em uma armadilha magneto-óptica. Medimos, através da fotoionização de fragmentos atômicos gerados nessas colisões, as taxas segundo as quais os átomos deixam a armadilha induzidos por esse processo colisional. Realizamos estudos das taxas de perda com relação a intensidade do laser de aprisionamento e com a freqüência, utilizando para isso a técnica de catálise. Nossos resultados indicam que a contribuição do processo de mudança de estrutura fina para a taxa de perdas total não é dominante. Constatamos que a estrutura hiperfina desempenha um papel importante na dinâmica colisional e na determinação dos valores das taxas. Interpretamos nossos resultados através de um modelo semi-clássico, sendo que este foi incapaz de explicar todos os efeitos observados. Propusemos algumas explicações qualitativas para as discrepâncias observadas. Acreditamos que nossos resultados devam servir de estímulo para novos trabalhos teóricos nesta área.
Title in English
Fine structure changing collisional losses in a rubidium magneto-optical trap
Keywords in English
Fine structure changing
Magneto-optical trap
Rubidium
Trap-loss
Abstract in English
We report the observation of trap-loss collisional rates due to fine structure changing collisions between cold and trapped 85Rb atoms. We have measured, by photoionization of the atomic fragments in 5P1/2 state originated in these collisions, the rates through the atoms leave the trap induced by this loss mechanism. We carried out experiments to determine the rate dependence with the intensity of the trapping laser, and with the frequency, using the catalisys technique. We also measured the contribution of this process to the total trap-loss rate and determined that fine structure changing is not the dominant loss mechanism. It was also observed that the hyperfine structure plays an important role in the rate behavior. We compared our results with those given by a semiclassical theoretical approach, the Gallagher-Pritchard model, and some disagreements were observed. We proposed some arguments to explain these discrepancies. We believe that such results should stimulate theoretical work on this field.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
MariliaMancini.pdf (3.34 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-09-12
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2022. All rights reserved.