• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.75.2012.tde-17042012-165140
Document
Author
Full name
Lívia Flório Sgobbi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Machado, Sergio Antonio Spinola (President)
Burtoloso, Antonio Carlos Bender
Kubota, Lauro Tatsuo
Title in Portuguese
Potencialidades do ácido 4-[(1E)etanohidrazonoil]benzóico como biomimético para a esterase da acetiltiocolina
Keywords in Portuguese
acetilcolinesterase
cinética química
molécula mimética
Abstract in Portuguese
O uso de agrotóxicos e a consequente contaminação têm sido motivo de constante preocupação, sendo necessário monitorar esses compostos por metodologias que as quantifiquem em água e alimentos. As técnicas cromatográficas são as mais utilizadas para a este tipo de análise, mas apresentam desvantagens para aplicações "in situ" ou em tempo real. As técnicas eletroquímicas, como os biossensores enzimáticos que utilizam a acetilcolinesterase, têm sido estudadas para a determinação quantitativa de pesticidas em diferentes amostras. No entanto, as enzimas apresentam algumas desvantagens relacionadas com sua capacidade de desnaturação e com a inibição por outras espécies. Diante disso, foi proposta neste projeto a síntese de uma molécula mimética [ácido (4-(1E)-etanohidrazonoil) benzóico] para a acetilcolinesterase para catalisar a hidrólise do substrato (acetiltiocolina). A molécula mimética foi caracterizada por RMN e FTIR. Os produtos da reação, acetato e tiocolina, foram identificados pelo método de Ellman e FTIR. A cinética química do processo catalítico foi estudada, verificando-se que a reação era de primeira ordem em relação à concentração de acetiltiocolina e a constante de velocidade foi 0,623 s-1. Os dados experimentais obtidos com a molécula artificial foram aplicados ao modelo cinético de Michaelis-Menten e os parâmetros cinéticos foram determinados, constatando que a constante de velocidade calculada foi 13000 vezes menor que aquela calculada pelo método diferencial, o que mostrou a inconveniência de aplicar tal modelo enzimático aos catalisadores sintéticos. Além disso, verificou-se que o KM é uma constante que não possui significado quando aplicada às moléculas miméticas.
Title in English
Potencialities of [4-(1E)ethanehydrazonoyl]benzoic acid as a biomimetic for acetylthiocholine esterase
Keywords in English
acetylcholinesterase
biomimetic molecule
chemical kinetic
Abstract in English
The application of pesticides and the resulting contamination have been a matter of constant concern, being necessary to monitor these compounds by methods that are able to quantify these compounds in water and food. The chromatographic techniques are most often used for this kind of analysis, but present some drawbacks for "in situ" or in real time applications. Electrochemical techniques, like biosensors based on the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase, have been studied for the quantitative determination of pesticides in different samples. However, the use of enzymes is complicated due to their ability to denaturation and the possible inhibition by other species. Therefore, in this project the synthesis of [4-(1E)etanehydrazonoylbenzoic acid], a mimetic molecule for acetylcholinesterase, was carried out, aiming the catalysis of acetylcholine hydrolysis. The mimetic molecule was characterized by NMR and FTIR. The products of reaction, such as acetate and thiocholine, were identified by Ellman's method and FTIR. The chemical kinetic of the catalytic process was characterized as of first order with respect to the acetylthiocholine concentration with a rate constant of 0.623 s-1. The experimental data obtained with the artificial molecule were applied to the Michaelis-Menten's model and the kinetic parameters were determined, noting that the rate constant was calculated as 13000 times smaller than that obtained by the differential method, which indicates the inconvenience of using the enzymatic model to the mimetic catalysts. Moreover, it was found that KM has no meaning when applied to mimetic molecules.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
LiviaFlorioSgobbiR.pdf (11.30 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2012-08-23
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.