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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.75.2014.tde-04072014-091315
Document
Author
Full name
José Luiz Bott Neto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Tremiliosi Filho, Germano (President)
Batista, Elisete Aparecida
Santos, Mauro Coelho dos
Title in Portuguese
Estudo comparativo da eletro-oxidação de glicerol, propano-1,2-diol e propanol em meio alcalino sobre Au/C e AgxAu1-x/C
Keywords in Portuguese
eletro-oxidação
glicerol
nanopartículas
ouro
prata
Abstract in Portuguese
No presente trabalho, foram sintetizadas nanopartículas mono e bimetálicas de ouro e prata ancoradas em carbono (Au/C, Ag/C e AgxAu1-xC) empregando-se o glicerol em meio alcalino como agente redutor. Os materiais produzidos foram caracterizados por Espectroscopia de Energia Dispersiva de Raios X (EDX), Difratometria de Raios X (DRX) e Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão (MET). As avaliações da atividade eletrocatalítica foram realizadas por Cronoamperometria e Voltametria Cíclica. No estudo do mecanismo da eletro-oxidação do glicerol, propano-1,2-diol e propanol empregou-se a técnica de Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier in situ (FTIR in situ). O tamanho médio das nanopartículas, medidas por MET, são de 40,4 nm (Ag/C), 6,8 nm (Au/C), 5,7 nm (Ag25Au75/C), 5,3 nm (Ag50Au50/C) e 4,9 nm (Ag75Au25/C). Para os bimetálicos, observou-se que com o aumento da quantidade de ouro presente nos catilisadores, obteve-se um aumento na atividade eletrocatalítica nas mesmas proporções para oxidação dos alcoóis. A prata por si só não apresentou atividade significativa para a oxidação dos alcoóis. Dentre os alcoóis estudos, o glicerol apresentou o menor potencial de inicio de oxidação (0,65 V), utilizando-se Au/C, seguido pelo propano-1,2-diol (0,67 V) e propanol (0,75 V). A maior densidade de corrente anódica foi observada para o álcool com menor pKa e com maior número de hidroxilas. Formato, oxalato e glicolato foram os principais produtos da reação de oxidação do glicerol sobre Au/C. Para a oxidação propano-1,2-diol os produtos majoritários foram hydroxiacetona e o acetato e para a oxidação do propanol foi o propanoato, ambos também sobre sobre Au/C como indicado pelos experimentos de FTIR in situ.
Title in English
Comparative study of electro-oxidation of glycerol, 1,2-propanediol and propanol in alkaline medium on Au/C and AgxAu1-x/C
Keywords in English
electro-oxidation
glycerol
gold
nanoparticles
silver
Abstract in English
In the present study, gold and silver mono- and bimetallic nanoparticles anchored on carbon (Au/C , Ag/C and AgxAu1-x/C ) were synthesized using glycerol in alkaline medium as a reducing agent. The materials obtained were characterized by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy, X-Ray Diffraction and Transmission Electron Microscopy. The evaluation of the electrochemical performance was conducted by Chronoamperometry and Cyclic Voltammetry. In Situ Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR in situ) was performed to study the mechanism of electro-oxidation of glycerol, 1,2-propanediol and propanol. The average size of the nanoparticles, calculated from TEM, are 40.4 nm (Ag/C), 6.8 nm (Au/C), 5.7 nm (Ag25Au75/C), 5.3 nm (Ag50Au50/C) and 4.9 nm (Ag75Au25/C). For the bimetallic, it was observed that with increasing the amount of gold present in catilisadores was obtained an increase in the electrocatalytic activity to the same extent for oxidation of alcohols. Among the alcohols, the glycerol oxidation catalyzed by Au/C showed the lower onset oxidation potential (0.65 V) followed by propane-1,2-diol (0.67 V) and propanol (0.75 V). The anodic current density was higher for the alcohol with lower pKa and greater number of hydroxyl groups. Format, oxalate and glycolate were the main products of the glycerol oxidation using Au/C. For the 1,2-propanediol oxidation the hydroxiacetona and acetate were the major products; and for the propanol oxidation was propanoate, both also on Au/C as indicated by the in situ FTIR experiments.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-12-01
 
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