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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.75.2016.tde-15122015-110929
Document
Author
Full name
Laura Pavan Ióca
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Berlinck, Roberto Gomes de Souza (President)
Fill, Taícia Pacheco
Pupo, Monica Tallarico
Title in Portuguese
Estudo do metabolismo de fungos utilizando precursores isotopicamente marcados com 13C
Keywords in Portuguese
biossíntese
detoxificação
fungo-marinho
precursores marcados
produtos naturais
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho objetivou o estudo de rotas de formação de metabólitos secundários utilizando precursores isotopicamente marcados com 13C. Os experimentos de crescimento com adição de [1-13C]acetato, [1,2-13C2]acetato e [U-13C315N1]-L-cisteína para o fungo do ambiente marinho Penicillium sp. DRF2 mostrou que as ciclotiocurvularinas são provenientes da rota de formação de policetídeos e pela incorporação de L-cisteína, depois da transformação desta em 3-mercaptopiruvato. Os resultados sugerem que a formação das ciclotiocurvularinas provém de um processo de detoxificação da α,β-desidrocurvularina. O estudo do metabolismo secundário de Aspergillus sp. DLM3-8, também do ambiente marinho, mostrou que o seu perfil metabólico produzido em experimentos de crescimento sob diferentes condições é constante. Os experimentos de incorporação de precursores isotopicamente marcados com 13C na naftoquinonaimina, produzida por Aspergillus sp. DLM3-8 foram inconclusivos, indicando que outras abordagens experimentais devem ser realizadas para se investigar a biossíntese deste metabólito.
Title in English
Study of the metabolism of fungi using isotopically 13C-labeled precursors
Keywords in English
13C-labeled precursors
biosynthesis
detoxification
marine-derived fungi
natural products
Abstract in English
This investigation aimed investigated the formation routes of secondary metabolites using 13C-labelled precursors. Feeding experiments with [1-13C]acetate, [1,2-13C2]acetate and [U-13C315N1]-L-cysteine within the growth medium of the marine-derived fungi Penicillium sp. DRF2 showed that cyclothiocurvularins are derived from polyketides and from the incorporation of a L-cysteine residue, after its transformation into 3-mercaptopyruvate. The results suggest that the formation of cyclothiocurvularins is derived from a detoxification process ofα,β-dehydrocurvularin. Investigation of the secondary metabolism of a marine-derived Aspergillus sp. DLM3-8 indicated a stable metabolic profile under a variety of growth conditions. Feeding experiments with 13C-labelled precursors for the biosynthesis investigation of naphthoquinoneimine were inconclusive, indicating that other methodologies should be envisaged in order to investigate the biosynthesis of this metabolite.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-02-03
 
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