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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Leonardo Yoshida
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Borges, Júlio César (President)
Borra, Ricardo Carneiro
Cunha, Anderson Ferreira da
Sebollela, Adriano Silva
Title in Portuguese
Estudos da interação entre a mortalina humana e as duas isoformas das co-chaperonas GrpEs
Keywords in Portuguese
GrpE
mortalina
mtHsp70
pulldown
Abstract in Portuguese

As Hsp70 são proteínas centrais no sistema de homeostasia proteica da célula. Pelo fato delas estarem envolvidas em uma grande variedade de processos relacionados ao enovelamento correto das proteínas, elas estão envolvidas em processos como envelhecimento, doenças degenerativas, como Alzheimer, e alguns tipos de câncer. Uma das etapas essenciais no seu ciclo funcional é a troca de ADP por ATP, um processo que é acelerado pelos fatores de troca de nucleotídeos (NEFs) que, em bactérias e mitocôndrias, correspondem à proteína GrpE. Por razões ainda não bem compreendidas, duas isoformas estão presentes nas mitocôndrias de humanos, a GRPEL1 e a GRPEL2. Pouco se sabe da dinâmica da interação destas com a Hsp70 mitocondrial de humanos (mortalina) porque havia uma dificuldade em se obter esta proteína na sua forma solúvel e funcional (atualmente superada). Dessa forma, o presente trabalho de pesquisa busca caracterizar os aspectos bioquímicos e biofísicos dessas proteínas junto à mortalina, visando compreender a dinâmica da interação entre elas, contribuir para a elucidação da rede de interações das Hsp70 e compreender o porquê de 2 isoformas estarem presentes em mamíferos. Para isto, ensaios in vitro das proteínas mortalina, GRPEL1 e GRPEL2 recombinantes foram realizados. Elas foram expressas e purificadas por cromatografia de afinidade ao Ni2+ e gel filtração. As GrpEs tiveram seus graus de pureza e enovelamento correto avaliadas por SDS-PAGE e dicroísmo circular. Suas estruturas terciárias e quaternárias foram avaliadas através da cromatografia de exclusão molecular analítica e do crosslinking químico. Com as proteínas tendo sido purificadas, ensaios de interação molecular foram realizados através do pulldown, do ITC e, adicionalmente, foram feitos ensaios de agregação para investigar um possível papel das GrpEs no processo de agregação térmica da mortalina. Todas as proteínas puderam ser obtidas solúveis e com alto grau de pureza. Os ensaios de pulldown validaram a interação entre a mortalina e as GrpEs, mas essas interações não foram detectadas no ITC. Por fim, não houveram evidências de que as GrpEs atuem no sentido de prevenir a agregação térmica da mortalina.

Title in English
Interaction studies between human mortalin and its two co-chaperones GrpEs isoforms
Keywords in English
GrpE
mortalin
mtHsp70
pulldown
Abstract in English

Hsp70 are proteins that play a central role in cellular protein homeostasis. Because they are involved in a variety of processes related to protein folding, they are also involved in processes such as aging, degenerative diseases like Alzheimer and certain types of cancer. One of the essential steps in the Hsp70 functional cycle is the exchange of ADP for ATP, a process accelerated by the nucleotide exchange factors (NEF´s) which, in bacteria and mitochondria, corresponds to GrpE protein. For reasons not well understood yet, two isoforms are present on human mitochondria, GRPEL1 and GRPEL2. Little is known about the dynamics of their interaction with human mitochondrial Hsp70 (mortalin) because it was difficult to produce this protein in its soluble and functional form (now overcome by co-expression strategies with one co-chaperone). That being said, the current research work seeks to characterize the biochemical and biophysical aspects of those proteins together with mortalin in order to comprehend the dynamics of their interaction, to contribute on the elucidation of the Hsp70 interaction network and to comprehend why two isoforms are present. For this, in vitro assays of the recombinant proteins mortalin, GRPEL1 and GRPEL2 were carried out. They were expressed and purified by Ni2+ affinity chromatography and gel filtration. Both GrpEs had their degree of purity and correct folding assessed by SDS-PAGE and circular dichroism. Their tertiary and quaternary structures were evaluated by analytical size exclusion chromatography and chemical crosslinking. Having the proteins being purified, molecular interactions assays were done with pulldown, ITC and, additionally, aggregation assays were carried out to investigate a possible role played by GrpEs in the thermal aggregation process of mortalin. All the proteins could be obtained soluble and with a high degree of purity. Pull-down assays validated the interaction between mortalin and GrpEs, but this interaction could not be detected by ITC. Lastly, there was no evidence that GrpEs acted out preventing the thermal aggregation process of mortalin.

 
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Publishing Date
2019-08-20
 
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