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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.75.2006.tde-12042007-100734
Document
Author
Full name
Rita de Cassia da Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Cavalheiro, Eder Tadeu Gomes (President)
Faria, Ronaldo Censi
Ionashiro, Massao
Title in Portuguese
"Preparação e aplicação de eletrodos de pasta de carbono modificados com ditiocarbamatos para análise de fármacos"
Keywords in Portuguese
carbamazepina
ditiocarbamato
eletrodo de pasta de carbono modificado
Abstract in Portuguese
O morfolinoditiocarbamato (Mor); o piperidinoditiocarbamato (Pip) e o pirrolidinoditiocarbamato (Pyr) de rutênio derivados respectivamente da morfolina, piperidina e pirrolidina, três aminas alifáticas cíclicas foram preparados e caracterizados por análise elementar, espectroscopia vibracional na região do infravermelho, espectrometria de massa e análise térmica (termogravimetria – TG e análise térmica diferencial – DTA). A análise elementar mostrou que os compostos de fórmula geral Ru2DTC5.XH2O foram obtidos (DTC = Mor, Pip e Pyr e X = 4, 1,5 e 2 respectivamente); assim como a IV revelou que os complexos são monodentados, com duas bandas de absorção em torno de 1000 cm-1. A espectrometria de massas mostrou as estruturas moleculares e a estabilidade dos complexos, pois requerem alta energia de colisão para fragmentarem-se; alguns fragmentos puderam ser identificados. A análise térmica mostrou que após desidratação os DTC decompõem-se gerando sulfato e óxido de rutênio (III), dependendo da temperatura. Após caracterização, os complexos foram usados com modificadores na preparação de eletrodos de pasta de carbono modificados e seu desempenho avaliado por voltametria cíclica em diferentes meios e intervalos de potencial e em diferentes composições do material do eletrodo. Com base na melhor definição dos picos referentes aos processos anódicos e catódicos, assim como pela menor corrente residual, optou-se em usar como modificador o Ru2Pip5.1,5H2O, na proporção de 10% (m/m) na pasta. Eletrodos preparados com este modificador foram usados na determinação voltamétrica de carbamazepina (CBZ), usando CV. Na presença do analito a corrente do modificador aumenta proporcionalmente à concentração de CBZ no intervalo de 1,30 x 10-8 e 6,62 x 10-6 mol L-1, com limite de detecção de 3,18 x 10-7 mol L-1. O método foi aplicado na determinação de CBZ em urina sintética, usando procedimento de adição de padrão com recuperação da ordem de 97 – 104% e concordância com o método espectrofotométrico recomendado pela farmacopéia brasileira no intervalo de confiança de 95%.
Title in English
"Preparation and application of modified carbon paste electrodes with dithicarbamates for analysis of farmacos"
Keywords in English
carbamazepine
dithicarbamate
modified carbon paste electrode
Abstract in English
The morpholinedithiocarbamate (Mor); piperidinedithiocarbamate (Pip) and pirrolidinedithiocarbamate (Pyr), three cyclic amines derived respectivelly from morpholine, piperidine and pirrolidine complex of Ruthenium (III) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, infra-red spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and thermal analysis (thermogravimetry – TG – and differential thermal analysis – DTA). Elemental analysis showed that complexes of general formula Ru2DTC5.XH2O ((DTC = Mor, Pip e Pyr e X = 4, 1,5 e 2 respectively) were obtained. IR spectra revelead that the ligant behaves as a monodentate one with a duplet around 1000 cm-1. Mass spectrometry showed the molecular structures and the stability of the complexes, therefore they require high energy of collision to be broken up; some fragments could have been identified. Thermal analysis showed that after dehydration the complexes decomposed generating Ru2(SO4)3 and Ru2O3 as residues depending on the temperature, according to XDR analysis. After characterization the complexes were used as modifiers in the preparation of carbon paste electrodes. The performance of the modified electrodes (MCPE) was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry at different electrode composition and supporting electrolytes and potential intervals. On basis of peak definition and background current, the MCPERu2Pip5.1,5H2O, containing 10% of the complex, was chosen for further studies. The electrode was used in the determination of carbamazepine (CBZ) cyclic voltammetry. In the presence of CBZ the modifier current increased proportionally, to the analyte concentration in the 1,30 x 10-8 and 6,62 x 10-6 mol L-1. The method was applied in the determination of CBZ in synthetic urine sample spikes with the analyte with recoveries of 97 – 104%. Whem compared with a standart spectrophotometric procedure the results of the prposed method agreeded within 95% of confidence, according to the t-Student test.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-04-16
 
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