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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.74.2017.tde-29032017-092849
Document
Author
Full name
Filipe Habitzreuter
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Pirassununga, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Rigo, Eliana Cristina da Silva (President)
Marchi, Juliana
Tonin, Fernando Gustavo
Vercik, Luci Cristina de Oliveira
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação das características físico-químicas e citotóxicas de membranas de gelatina/quitosana com hidroxiapatita obtidas por precipitação in situ
Keywords in Portuguese
Doença periodontal
Gelatina
Hidroxiapatita
Precipitação in situ
Quitosana
RTG
Abstract in Portuguese
O crescente interesse na utilização de biomateriais para reparação óssea levou a inúmeros estudos envolvendo formação de diversos produtos, neste sentido, os compósitos obtidos utilizando-se gelatina (G), quitosana (QS) e hidroxiapatita (HA) destacam-se por serem bioativos e bioabsorvíveis, além de apresentarem elevada similaridade com o tecido a ser reparado. Barreiras físicas formadas por tais materiais são extremamente importantes para a odontologia, e o seguinte trabalho tem como objetivo a preparação de membranas de G/QS/HA a partir de um método de co-precipitação in situ da HA na matriz polimérica para sua utilização em regeneração tecidual guiada (RTG). As membranas contendo razões de 20/80, 50/50 e 80/20 de G/QS com 0,3M de HA foram preparadas com pequena adição de glicerina (0,5% v/v) e suas características morfológicas e físico-químicas foram analisadas por meio de técnicas como espectroscopia no infravermelho (IV), difração de raios X (DRX), microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), espectroscopia por energia dispersiva (EDS) e análise termogravimétrica (ATG). Além disso, foram realizados ensaios de intumescimento e ensaios de citotoxicidade in vitro com cultura de células para verificar a possibilidade de utilização das membranas confeccionadas. O processo de precipitação in situ foi eficaz para formação das mambranas. Além disso, as amostras reticuladas por GTA apresentaram melhores resultados de intumescimento, ao passo que as membranas reticuladas por TPP não se mostraram citotóxicas.
Title in English
Evaluation of the physical-chemical and cytotoxic characteristics of gelatin/chitosan membranes with hydroxyapatite obtained by in situ precipitation
Keywords in English
in situ precipitation
Chitosan
Gelatin
GTR
Hydroxyapatite
Periodontal disease
Abstract in English
The increasing growth in the usage of bio-composites in bone repair has led to several studies involving the formation of several products. In this sense, composites obtained with gelatin (G), chitosan (QS) and hydroxyapatite (HA) stand out since they are bioactive and biodegradable, besides showing high similarity with the tissue to be repaired. Physical barriers made by such materials are extremely important in orthopedics, and the present work aims to craft G/QS/HA membranes by an in situ co-precipitation method of HA in the polymeric matrix to use them with a treatment called guided bone regeneration (RTG). The membranes containing 20/80, 50/50 and 80/20 weigh percent of G/QS with 0,3M of HA were prepared with a small amount of glycerin (0,5% v/v) and its morphological and physicochemical properties were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy (IV), X-ray diffraction (DRX), scanning electron microscopy (MEV), electron energy loss spectroscopy (EDS) and thermo gravimetric analysis (ATG). On top of that, swelling essays and in vitro cytotoxicity with cell culture were be carried out to check the availability and possible uses of the crafted membranes. The in situ precipitation method was effective to form the membranes. The samples crosslinked with GTA showed better swelling results, however the TPP method yielded non-cytotoxic membranes.
 
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ME5627398COR.pdf (2.74 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2017-04-05
 
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