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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.74.2010.tde-12042010-133357
Document
Author
Full name
Thays Mayra da Cunha Leme
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Pirassununga, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Titto, Evaldo Antônio Lencioni (President)
Silva, Iran José Oliveira da
Silva, Saulo da Luz e
Title in Portuguese
Métodos de transporte e períodos de descanso pré-abate sobre nível de estresse e qualidade de carne de ovinos
Keywords in Portuguese
Bem-estar animal
Comportamento
Cordeiros
Cortisol
Maciez da carne
Manejo pré-abate
Abstract in Portuguese
Este estudo teve como objetivo estudar as influências de diferentes tipos de manejo de ovinos no nível de estresse e na qualidade de carne e carcaça sob a óptica do bem-estar animal. Foram utilizados 86 animais, confinados após o desmame em baias duplas ou baias coletivas, avaliando-se o comportamento e o ganho de peso dos animais. A reatividade dos animais foi avaliada através do comportamento durante o manejo em balança, nos momentos de embarque e desembarque, e durante a espera pré-abate. O transporte ao abatedouro foi realizado em um caminhão, dividido em dois compartimentos, um parcialmente aberto e outro fechado. Foram aplicados dois períodos de descanso pré-abate, de 1 hora ou 3 horas, após o desembarque. No frigorífico foram colhidas amostras de sangue após o transporte e antes do abate para análise sérica de cortisol, classificadas as carcaças quanto à presença ou ausência de contusões, medidas as temperaturas e pH das carcaças à 1 e 24 horas após o abate. Às 24 horas após o abate foram retiradas amostras do músculo Longissimus dorsi para análise da qualidade de carne, como cor, maciez objetiva e perdas totais ao cozimento. O número de animais por lote confinado influenciou o comportamento dos cordeiros, alterando o padrão de ingestão de alimento, mas não interferiu na reatividade e no ganho de peso destes. O acesso visual ao ambiente externo durante o transporte de cordeiros é um fator estressante, alterando o nível de cortisol sérico, mas não altera as características da carcaça e de qualidade da carne. O período de descanso antes do abate diminui o estresse e reduz os níveis séricos de cortisol dos cordeiros. No entanto, existe uma interação entre o transporte e o período de descanso pré-abate, com consequências diferentes na maciez da carne.
Title in English
Methods of transport and rest periods pre-slaughter on stress level and quality of sheep meat
Keywords in English
Animal welfare
Behaviour
Cortisol
Lambs
Meat tenderness
Pre-slaughter management
Abstract in English
The aim of this study was to improve the knowledge about the influences of different managements practices of sheep in the stress level and meat and carcass quality, from the viewpoint of animal welfare. It was evaluated the behaviour and the weight gain of 86 young animals, confined in double pens or collective pens. The reactivity of the animals was assessed by the behaviour during the weighing procedures, at the moments of loading and unloading, and during the resting periods pre-slaughter. The transport to the slaughterhouse was made by truck. This truck was divided in two areas: in rear area was open and in front area was closed. After the arrival half of the group within each area was subdivided, corresponding of two different periods of resting: 1 hour and 3 hours after landing. After transport and before slaughter blood samples were taken for analysis of cortisol. The carcasses were classified for the presence or absence of injuries, and were taken measures of the temperature and pH at 1 and 24 hours after slaughter. 24 hours after slaughter, samples from the Longissimus dorsi muscle were taken for analysis of colour, tenderness and total cooking losses. The results showed that the number of animals per pen confined had influence in the behaviour of the lambs, by changing the pattern of food intake, but did not affect the reactivity and their weight gain. During the transport, the visual access to the external environment is a stressful factor, increasing the level of serum cortisol. However, does not affect carcass characteristics and meat quality. The rest period before slaughter reduce stress and reduce serum cortisol of lambs. However, there is an interaction between the transport and rest periods pre-slaughter, with different consequences on meat tenderness.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-04-14
 
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