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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.61.2011.tde-06022012-151540
Document
Author
Full name
Cleide Felicio de Carvalho Carrara
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Ozawa, Terumi Okada (President)
Alonso, Nivaldo
Bertier, Carlos Eduardo
Carreira, Daniela Gamba Garib
Ramos, Adilson Luiz
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação do tamanho das lâminas palatinas no resultado do crescimento dos arcos dentários e relação interarcos na dentadura decídua ou mista precoce
Keywords in Portuguese
Crescimento dos arcos dentários
fissura de lábio e palato
índice oclusal de Atack
lâmina palatina
Abstract in Portuguese
Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo, com o objetivo de avaliar a correlação entre o tamanho das lâminas palatinas e índice oclusal em pacientes com fissura unilateral completa de lábio e palato. Foram avaliados modelos de estudo de 339 pacientes que foram moldados em três fases distintas: pré-queiloplastia (fase1) pré-palatoplastia (fase 2) e dentadura decídua completa ou mista precoce (fase 3). A queiloplastia foi realizada entre 3 e 6 meses de idade, pelas técnicas de Spina ou Millard e a palatoplastia foi realizada entre 9 e 18 meses, pelas técnicas de von Langenbeck ou Furlow. 4 cirurgiões realizaram as cirurgias, mas cada paciente foi operado de lábio e palato pelo mesmo cirurgião. As lâminas palatinas foram medidas de imagens escaneadas dos modelos das fases 1 e 2, utilizando-se do programa Adobe Photoshop CS2. O índice oclusal foi avaliado nos modelos das fases 3 utilizando o índice de proposto por Atack et al. 1997, conhecido por índice dos 5 anos de idade. A medida das lâminas palatinas foi comparada entre as fases 1 e 2 e mostrou haver um crescimento médio de 0,5 cm. A amplitude da fissura em sua porção central mostrou apresentou um valor médio de 1,13 na fase 1 e 0,69 na fase 2. A correlação entre o tamanho das lâminas palatinas e o índice oclusal foi dada pela aplicação da correlação de Spearman. Os resultados mostraram que houve correlação negativa significante entre o tamanho da lâmina palatina e o índice oclusal apenas para os pacientes operados por um dos cirurgiões e somente em uma técnica cirúrgica (Millard com Furlow). Acredita-se que outros fatores envolvidos no processo reabilitador possam ter mais influência no resultado do índice oclusal do que o tamanho das lâminas palatinas. A habilidade do cirurgião em realizar determinada técnica e com ela conseguir os seus melhores resultados, parece ser determinante no resultado de crescimento facial destes pacientes.
Title in English
Evaluation of the size of palatal shelves on the outcome of dental arch growth and interarch relationship in the deciduous or early mixed dentition.
Keywords in English
Cleft lip and palate
dental arch growth and development
five years old index
palatal shelves
Abstract in English
This retrospective study evaluated the correlation between the size of palatal shelves and the occlusal index in patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate. The study evaluated dental casts of 339 patients whose impressions were obtained at three different stages: before cheiloplasty (stage 1), before palatoplasty (stage 2) and in the complete deciduous or early mixed dentition (stage 3). Cheiloplasty was performed at 3 to 6 months of age by the Spina or Millard techniques and palatoplasty was performed at 9 to 18 months by the von Langenbeck or Furlow technique. Four surgeons performed the surgeries, yet each patient was submitted to lip and palate repair by the same surgeon. The palatal shelves were measured on scanned images of dental casts of stages 1 and 2, using the software Adobe Photoshop CS2. The occlusal index was evaluated on the dental casts of stage 3 using the index proposed by Atack et al. 1997, known as 5-year-old index. The dimension of palatal shelves compared between stages 1 and 2 evidenced a mean growth of 0.5 cm. The cleft width at the central portion presented a mean value of 1.13 in stage 1 and 0.69 in stage 2. The correlation between the size of palatal shelves and the occlusal index was analyzed by the Spearman correlation test. The results demonstrated significant negative correlation between the size of palatal shelves and the occlusal index only for patients operated by one of the surgeons and only for one surgical technique (Millard with Furlow). It is believed that other factors involved in the rehabilitation process may have greater influence on the occlusal index outcome than the size of palatal shelves. The surgeons skill in performing a certain technique and achieve his or her best outcomes seems to be a determining factor for the facial growth outcome of these patients.
 
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TeseCleideCarrara.pdf (2.71 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2012-02-10
 
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