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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.61.2006.tde-25102006-151046
Document
Author
Full name
Regina Celia Meira Garcia
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Graciano, Maria Ines Gandara (President)
Oliveira, Lilia Christina de
Souza, Jeniffer de Cassia Rillo Dutka
Title in Portuguese
Aspectos psicossociais e familiares de indivíduos com e sem distúrbios da comunicação decorrentes da fissura labiopalatina
Keywords in Portuguese
Aspectos psicossociais
Distúrbios da comunicação
Família
Fissuraslabiopalatinas
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivo: Caracterizar e analisar os aspectos psicossociais e familiares de indivíduos com e sem distúrbios da comunicação decorrentes da fissura labiopalatina. Modelo: Estudo descritivo e comparativo de dois grupos: GI - com distúrbios da comunicação decorrentes da disfunção velofaríngea, alterações dento-oclusais e/ou atrasos no desenvolvimento da fala e GII - indivíduos sem distúrbios da comunicação. Local: Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais - Universidade de São Paulo, Bauru. Participantes: 38 indivíduos distribuídos: GI - 20 e GII - 18; acima de 4 anos participantes do “Projeto Flórida”, com fissura transforame unilateral, sem outras deficiências e/ou anomalias associadas. Intervenções: Análise documental e entrevista abordando questões sobre estratificação social, histórico e dinâmica familiar, relações sociais de indivíduos e família, tratamento reabilitador e recursos organizacionais e comunitários. Resultados/Conclusão: Não foram constatadas relações significativas entre os resultados pós tratamento no que se refere a fala e a condição socioeconômica dos pacientes. Não foram detectadas diferenças significativas entre os aspectos psicossociais e familiares entre os grupos com e sem distúrbios exceto no cotidiano escolar de uma minoria de pacientes (com distúrbios). Embora algumas categorias não apresentaram significância estatística, todas se configuraram como expressivas, e determinantes para o conhecimento qualitativo dos aspectos psicossociais e familiares e para a atuação da equipe de reabilitação que, com sua visão de totalidade, busca com os pais e a sociedade, a inclusão social do paciente.
Title in English
Psychosocial and familiar aspects of individuals with and without communication disorders related to cleft lip and palate
Keywords in English
cleft lip and/or palate
communication disorders
Psychosocial and familiar aspects
Abstract in English
Objetive: To characterize and analyze the psychosocial and familiar aspects of individuals with and without communication disorders related to cleft lip and palate. Design: Descriptive and comparative study of two groups: GI – group of individuals with communication disorders related to velopharyngeal dysfunction, dento-occlusal alterations and/or delays in speech development, and GII - group of individuals without communication disorders. Research Site: Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, University of São Paulo, Bauru, Brazil. Participants: 38 individuals distributed into two groups (GI: N=20 and GII: N=18); all participants were at least four years of age and were enrolled in the “Florida Project”, presenting with unilateral transforame cleft not associated to other malformations or anomalies. Methods: Interview and data analysis focusing on socioeconomic status, family dynamics and history, individuals and family social relationship, care and management of anomaly and support community resources. Results/Conclusion: There were no significant differences in the socioeconomic status between children with and without communication disorders. There were no significant differences in the psychosocial and familiar aspects between children with and without communication disorders except regarding school routine which was distinct for a minority in the group with communication disorders. Even though some of the aspects studied did not show significant, the findings provided qualitative information regarding the psychosocial and familiar aspects supporting team management in a search for patient’s inclusion in a partnership with the parents and the community.
 
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DissertRegina.pdf (1,001.07 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2006-10-26
 
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