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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.61.2006.tde-21082006-150757
Document
Author
Full name
Vera Maria Telles Nunes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Trindade Junior, Alceu Sergio (President)
Gouvea Junior, Francisco
Maringoni, Roberto Loureiro
Title in Portuguese
Cirurgia ortognática e postura da cabeça
Keywords in Portuguese
Cirurgia maxilofacial
Maloclusão
Postura da cabeça
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivo: A postura de cabeça relaciona-se com o equilíbrio do sistema estomatognático podendo alterar-se em casos de deformidades dentofaciais com indicação cirúrgica. Dessa forma, o presente estudo teve por objetivo verificar se a cirurgia ortognática, realizada para corrigir a deformidade dentofacial, caracterizada por mordida cruzada total, leva, a curto prazo, à modificação na postura de cabeça de indivíduos com fissura labiopalatina. Modelo: Utilizou-se um protocolo específico de anamnese e avaliação visual da postura da cabeça, da coluna cervical e da altura do ombro, da tonicidade muscular e da presença de dor à palpação. Local: Laboratório de Fisiologia – HRAC/USP. Participantes: Foram avaliados 6 indivíduos, 3 de cada gênero, entre 19 e 33 anos, com mordida cruzada total e fissura labiopalatina reparada antes e, em média, 4 meses após a cirurgia ortognática. Resultados: Não foram detectadas alterações importantes nos parâmetros avaliados. Conclusão: Assim, pode-se concluir que, na amostra avaliada, não houve modificação na postura da cabeça após a cirurgia ortognática nos indivíduos com fissura labiopalatina e mordida cruzada.
Title in English
Orthognathic surgery and head posture
Keywords in English
head posture
malocclsion
orthognathic surgery
Abstract in English
Objective: Head posture is related to the balance of the stomathognathic system and may be altered in individuals with dentofacial deformities in need of surgical treatment. Thus, the present study investigated if orthognathic surgery performed to correct dentofacial deformities characterized by complete crossbite leads to short-term changes in head posture of individuals with cleft lip and palate. Design: A specific protocol was followed, including anamnesis, visual assessment of head posture, cervical spine and shoulder height, muscle tonicity and muscle pain to palpation. Setting: Physiology Laboratory – HRAC/USP. Subjects: The sample comprised six individuals, being 3 males and 3 females, aged 19 to 33 years, presenting complete crossbite and repaired cleft lip and palate. Patients were assessed before and approximately 4 months after orthognathic surgery. Results: No important alterations were observed in the study parameters. Conclusion: Thus, it could be concluded that there were no changes in head posture after orthognathic surgery in the present sample of individuals with cleft lip and palate and crossbite.
 
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Publishing Date
2006-09-21
 
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