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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.60.2014.tde-17042015-153113
Document
Author
Full name
Zumira Aparecida Carneiro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Deflon, Victor Marcelo (President)
Abrahão, Ana Amelia Carraro
Nikolaou, Sofia
Prado Junior, Jose Clovis do
Garcia, Maria Teresa Junqueira
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação de atividade tripanocida in vitro e in vivo do composto 5-hidroxi-3-metil-5-fenil-pirazolina-1-(S-benzilditiocarbazato) em meio aquoso e em sistema de liberação de droga
Keywords in Portuguese
Ditiocarbazato
Doença de Chagas
Nanopartículas lipídicas sólidas
Abstract in Portuguese
O parasita Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) é o causador da doença de Chagas e continua sendo um grave problema de saúde pública, principalmente nas regiões mais pobres da América Latina. Na busca por novas drogas terapêuticas contra T. cruzi, nós avaliamos a atividade do composto 5-hidroxi-3-metil-5-fenil-pirazolina-1-(S-benzilditiocarbazato) (H2bdtc) tanto in vitro quanto in vivo. Esta espécie foi caracterizada por análise elementar, espectroscopia UV-visível, infravermelho, RMN e espectrometria de massas. Nos experimentos biológicos, o composto H2bdtc em suspensão e/ou encapsulado em nanopartícula lipídica sólida (NLS) foi comparado com um dos medicamentos empregados atualmente, o benzonidazol (BZN). Utilizando-se o composto H2bdtc encapsulado em NLS observou-se: (a) redução de forma eficaz da parasitemia em camundongos, em concentração 100 vezes mais baixa do que aquela normalmente empregada para Benzonidazol (clinicamente aplicada a uma concentração de 400 ?mol kg-1 dia-1); (b) diminuição da inflamação e das lesões de fígado e do coração e (c) resultou em 100,0% de sobrevivência dos camundongos infectados com T. cruzi após 60 dias. Para fins de elucidação do possível mecanismo de ação do composto H2bdtc, estudo de interação com o DNA e com a albumina do soro Humano (HSA) foram realizados. Baseado nos dados relacionados à atividade tripanocida in vitro e in vivo do composto H2bdtc, este pode ser tomado como potente agente tripanocida e o estudo desenvolvido neste projeto pode concorrer ao uso de H2bdtc como possível nova droga a ser utilizada contra Doença de Chagas.
Title in English
In Vitro and In Vivo Trypanocidal Activity of 5-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-phenyl-pyrazoline-1-(S-benzyldithiocarbazate) (H2bdtc) free and loaded in drug delivery system
Keywords in English
Chagas Disease
Dithiocarbazate
Solid lipid nanoparticles
Abstract in English
The parasite Trypanosoma cruzi causes Chagas disease, which remains a serious public health concern and continues to victimize thousands of people, primarily in the poorest regions of Latin America. In the search for new therapeutic drugs against T. cruzi, here we have evaluated both the in vitro and the in vivo activity of 5-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-phenyl-pyrazoline-1-(S-benzyldithiocarbazate) (H2bdtc). This compound was characterized by elemental analysis, UV-visible spectroscopy, infrared, NMR and mass spectrometry. Biological experiments were conducted with H2bdtc as a free compound or encapsulated into solid lipid nanoparticles; we compared the results with those achieved by using the currently employed drug, benznidazole. H2bdtc encapsulated into solid lipid nanoparticles (a) effectively reduced parasitemia in mice at concentrations 100 times lower than that normally employed for benznidazole (clinically applied at a concentration of 400 ?mol kg-1 day-1); (b) diminished inflammation and lesions of the liver and heart; and (c) resulted in 100,0% survival of mice infected with T. cruzi. Biological mechanism elucidation of H2bdtc compound was analyzed based on the interaction with DNA and Human Serum Albumin (HSA). Based on the data related to the in vitro and in vivo trypanocidal activity of H2bdtc it was taken as potent trypanocidal agent. Studies developed on this project allow concluding that H2bdtc is a possible new drug to be used against Chagas Disease.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-04-22
 
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