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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.6.2011.tde-24012012-162328
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Amélia Calaça Magni
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Günther, Wanda Maria Risso (President)
Besen, Gina Rizpah
Ribeiro, Helena
Title in Portuguese
Cooperativas de catadores de resíduos sólidos urbanos - perspectivas de sustentabilidade
Keywords in Portuguese
Coleta Seletiva
Cooperativas de Catadores de Resíduos Sólidos
Políticas Públicas
Reciclagem
Abstract in Portuguese
O modelo de cooperativas de catadores de resíduos sólidos tem sido aquele utilizado pelo poder público, em suas políticas, no escopo de aliar coleta seletiva manejo sustentável dos resíduos sólidos urbanos com a inclusão social destes catadores. A análise da trajetória de cooperativas de catadores brasileiras aponta também para experiências bem sucedidas oriundas da ação dos próprios catadores unidos a outros atores da sociedade civil, que não aqueles ligados diretamente ao poder público. Face aos modelos formais impostos às cooperativas de catadores, especialmente dentro dos requisitos necessários à formalização de convênios com prefeituras municipais, resta pertinente a dúvida de que, em que medida, tal convênio tem trazido reais benesses aos cooperados conveniados e, àqueles que não firmaram tal convênio, quais benefícios são obtidos pela observância do modelo cooperativista, independente da atuação do poder público. Com o objetivo de verificar tal situação, foi traçado inicialmente um panorama histórico das experiências de catadores, passando por uma abordagem jurídicoinstitucional do modelo cooperativista. Após, mediante aplicação de indicadores que buscaram medir a capacidade inclusiva de duas cooperativas paulistas uma parceira da Prefeitura de São Paulo, a Cooperação, e a outra, a Cooperglicério, que não goza de tal convênio -, buscou -se inferir a realidade institucional e dos membros de cada uma das cooperativas, com enfoque nas diferenças proporcionadas pela existência do convênio formal com o poder público. Ao final, concluiu-se que a existência de convênio com o Poder Público garante aos cooperados conveniados melhorias efetivas que trazem em seu bojo a possibilidade real de inclusão social. No entanto, o pleno desenvolvimento cooperativista com a consequente inclusão social, factual, plena encontra grande óbice na ausência de capacitação dos cooperados em relação aos princípios e modelos cooperativistas, em face da disseminação da ideia de cooperativas de fachada, ou por problemas de capacitação na gestão do empreendimento cooperativista. Finalmente, conclui-se pela necessidade de novos estudos que possam aprofundar a questão abordada nesta dissertação, com o escopo de fornecer maiores subsídios à atuação estatal nas parcerias com as cooperativas
Title in English
City's solid-waste pickers co-operatives: outlook towards sustainability
Keywords in English
Public Policies
Recycling
Selective Waste Collection
Waste Pickers Co-Operatives
Abstract in English
The model of solid-waste pickers co-operatives has been used by the government, through its policies, with the purpose of combining selective waste collection sustainable management of urban solid waste with social inclusion for those waste pickers. Analysis of the paths taken by these co-operatives in Brazil points to well-succeeded experiences sprung forth by the actions of those pickers in association with other players in society, which are not directly linked to the government. In spite of formal models imposed on pickers co-operatives, especially within the requirements to formalize partnerships with municipal governments, there remains a relevant question, concerning the extension of real benefits brought to the partnerships co-operative and its members; and how this cooperative model can also benefit those who have not partaken of such agreement, regardless of the government's actions. With the goal of assessing that reality, a historical overview was laid out on the pickers' experience, through a legal-institutional approach of the cooperative model. By applying indicators that sought to measure the potential for inclusion of two co-operatives in the city of São Paulo one, the Cooperação, a partner of the Municipality of São Paulo, and the other, Cooperglicério, which does not have such an agreement an attempt was made at profiling each institution as well as its members, with an emphasis on the existence or absence of a formal agreement with the government. Then, the existence of a partnership with the government is argued for as yielding actual benefits to the endorsed co-operatives opportunities that bring about social inclusion. Nonetheless, full development of the co-operative model resulting in factual, indelible social inclusion finds in the lack of training in co-operative principles and models, by the working members, one of its greatest obstacles, due to the spreading of the idea of fake cooperatives, or to problems related to training in co-operative management within the organization. Finally, a concluding evaluation asks, on necessity, for further studies which may deepen in and branch out the subject addressed in this work, with a goal at providing better criteria and guidelines to government action in its partnerships with cooperatives
 
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Publishing Date
2012-02-29
 
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