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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.6.2008.tde-21072008-133339
Document
Author
Full name
Daniela Moura de Oliveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Bastos, Deborah Helena Markowicz (President)
Freitas, Helayne Soares de
Vivolo, Sandra Roberta Gouvea Ferreira
Title in Portuguese
Influência da ingestão de erva mate (Ilex paraguariensis) sobre parâmetros relacionados ao diabetes mellitus e metabolismo de glicose em ratos Wistar
Keywords in Portuguese
Acidos clorogenicos
Diabetes mellitus
Glicemia
Glicose-6-fosfatase
Ilex paraguariensis
insulina
SGLT1.
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: A incidencia e prevalencia do Diabetes Mellitus aumentam a cada ano, alcancando proporcoes epidemicas. A infusao aquosa de erva mate apresenta consideraveis teores de acidos clorogenicos, que alem de atuarem como antioxidantes, podem diminuir a producao e absorcao de glicose, conforme indicado na literatura. Objetivos: Avaliar a influencia da ingestao de infusao de erva mate sobre parametros bioquimicos relacionados ao diabetes mellitus e o metabolismo de glicose. Metodologia: Ratos Wistar (n=41) foram divididos em: nao diabeticos controle (NDC, n=10); nao diabeticos erva mate (NDE, n=10); diabeticos controle (DC, n=11) e diabeticos erva mate (DE, n=10). O diabetes foi induzido por aloxana. Os animais receberam extrato de erva mate (1 g/kg) ou solucao fisiologica por gavagem durante 28 dias, com agua e racao comercial ad libitum. Seus tecidos foram submetidos as analises (glicemia, insulinemia, colesterol total, atividade da enzima glicose-6-fosfatase hepatica e expressao genica do cotransportador intestinal de Na+/glicose SGLT1, sendo este responsavel pela maior parte da absorcao de glicose no lumen). Os dados foram analisados por analise de variancia com dois fatores (ANOVA 2-way) com ou sem medidas repetidas, de acordo com a variavel. O nivel de significancia adotado foi 5%. Resultados: Nao houve diferenca significativa entre os grupos controle (NDC e DC) e os grupos que ingeriram erva mate (NDE e DE) para a glicemia, insulinemia, colesterol total e atividade da glicose-6-fosfatase hepatica. No entanto, a expressao genica 7 dos transportadores de glicose SGLT1 foi significantemente menor nos animais que receberam erva mate, tanto no duodeno (p=0,007) quanto no jejuno (p<0,001) Conclusão: A ingestao da erva mate nao modificou significativamente os parametros bioquimicos estudados dos animais sob intervencao relativamente ao controle. No entanto, foi observada diferenca significativa quanto a expressao do transportador de glicose SGLT1, sugerindo que compostos bioativos da erva mate sao capazes de reduzir a absorcao da glicose.
Title in English
Influence of intake of grass mate (Ilex paraguariensis) on parameters related to diabetes mellitus and glucose metabolism in rats Wistar
Keywords in English
Chlorogenic acid
Diabetes mellitus
Glucose-6-phosphatase
Ilex paraguariensis
Insulin
Serum glucose
SGLT1.
Abstract in English
Introduction: The incidence and prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus are increasing, reaching epidemic proportions. Yerba mate infusions are rich in polyphenols, especially chlorogenic acids, that are known to have antioxidant properties. Evidences suggest that dietary polyphenols could also play a role in glucose metabolism and absorption. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate if yerba mate extract could have antidiabetic properties in alloxaninduced diabetic Wistar rats. Research design and methods: Wistar rats (n=41) were divided in four groups: non diabetic control (NDC, n=10); non diabetic yerba mate (NDM, n=10); diabetic control (DC, n=11) and diabetic yerba mate (DM, n=10). Diabetes was induced by alloxan (38 mg/kg bw). The mate group animals received yerba mate extract diluted in saline solution in a 1g extract/kg bw dose for 28 days, controls received saline solution only. The following biochemical parameters were measured: serum glucose, insulin and total cholesterol; hepatic glucose-6-fosfatase activity and gene expression of the intestinal Na+/glucose cotransporter SGLT1. Results: There were no significant differences in serum glucose, insulin, total cholesterol and hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity between the groups that ingested yerba mate extract (NDM and DM) and the controls (NDC and DC). However, the intestinal SGLT1 gene expression was significantly lower in animals that received yerba mate both in upper (p=0.007) and middle small intestine (p<0,001). Conclusion: These results indicate that bioactive 9 compounds present in yerba mate might be capable to decrease intestinal glucose absorption, by decreasing SGLT1 expression.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-08-07
 
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