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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.6.2005.tde-27052008-114445
Document
Author
Full name
José Eduardo Bracco
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2005
Supervisor
Committee
Sallum, Maria Anice Mureb (President)
Fernandes, Flora Maria de Campos
Guimaraes, Margareth de Lara Capurro
Matioli, Sergio Russo
Oliveira, Ricardo Lourenço de
Title in Portuguese
Genealogia, distribuição e história de haplótipos do gene mitocondrial NADH 4 em populações do Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) no Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Aedes aegypti
ND4
Abstract in Portuguese
Informações sobre variabilidade intrapopulacional de vetores biológicos são críticas para o entendimento da transmissão de agentes infecciosos veiculados por esses organismos. Nesse sentido, o presente trabalho caracterizou a variabilidade de fragmento que codifica a subunidade 4 do gene mitocondrial da Nicotinamina Adenina Dinucleotideo Desidrogenase - NADH4 em populações de Aedes aegypti do Brasil e de outros países. Polimorfismos de nucleotídeos únicos foram detectados através da técnica de seqüenciamento genômico. As análises realizadas compreenderam a de variância molecular (AMOVA), clados agrupados (NCA), distribuição de diferenças pareadas. Paralelamente foram examinadas relações evolutivas entre os haplótipos com o emprego dos critérios de parcimônia máxima e verossimilhança máxima. Os resultados mostram que há polimorfismo do fragmento nas populações analisadas, levando à proposição de dois clados geneticamente independentes (monofiléticos). Inferências de caráter histórico suportam a hipótese de que um dos clados inclui seqüências de indivíduos de populações que chegaram às Américas durante os séculos XVII e XVIII pelo tráfico negreiro, e outro, formado por populações introduzidas mais recentemente, se originou de populações asiáticas. Possíveis implicações epidemiológicas da variabilidade genética apresentada pelas populações do Ae. aegypti são também discutidas.
Title in English
Genealogy, distribution and history of NADH4 haplotypes in Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE) populations from Brazil.
Keywords in English
Aedes aegypti
ND4
Nucleotide divergence
Abstract in English
Knowledge about intrapopulacional variation of biological vectors is critical for understanding the dynamics of the transmission of an infectious agent. The major objective of the present study is to characterize the variability of a gene fragment, which codes for the subunit 4 of the mitochondrial gene of the Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Dehydrogenase - NADH4 among Aedes aegypti populations from Brazil comparing with that of several other countries. Single nucleotide polymorphism was detected employing genomic sequencing techniques. Nucleotide sequences were analyzed using molecular variance (AMOVA), nested clade (NCA) and mismatch distribution methods. Additionally, evolutionary relationships among haplotypes were estimated employing maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood criterions. The results show that the fragment of the mitochondrial gene (NADH4) is polymorphic, and that the populations of Ae. aegypti from Brazil are grouped into two genetically distinct, monophyletic clades Historical inferences support the hypothesis that one clade includes sequences from individuals that may be introduced in the Americas in the 17th and 18th centuries during the slave trade from Africa to America. The second clade consists of sequences of individuals that may be introduced in Brazil more recent, probably from Asian populations. Epidemiological consequences because of the genetic variability among populations of Ae. aegypti in Brazil are discussed.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-05-28
 
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