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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.59.2007.tde-08052007-161526
Document
Author
Full name
César Vanderlei Nascimento
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Zaniquelli, Maria Elisabete Darbello (President)
Araujo, Ana Paula Ulian de
Huguenin, Fritz Cavalcante
Title in Portuguese
Influência da temperatura e de aditivos na matriz fosfolipídica usada para incorporação de fosfatases alcalinas pela técnica de Langmuir-Blodgett
Keywords in Portuguese
Filmes LB
Fosfatases Alacalinas
Trealose
Abstract in Portuguese
RESUMO As fosfatases alcalinas sao enzimas que participam da atividade catalitica na hidrolise de ésteres fosfóricos. Nesta Dissertação, investigou-se a sua adsorção em monocamadas de Langmuir e também em filmes do tipo Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) de fosfolipídios em diferentes temperaturas. Esses sistemas são considerados como modelos para membranas biológicas. O efeito de um dissacarídeo (trealose), bem como as impurezas contidas na amostra do açúcar, foi testado na subfase que suporta a monocamada,. Constatou-se que a trealose nao purificada altera a isoterma superficial de monocamadas do sal de sódio do acido dimiristoilglicerofosfatidico, DMPA, e atua como um bom agente de ligação entre camadas sucessivas do fosfolipídio para a obtenção de filmes LB. Já para trealose purificada nao se observaram esses efeitos. A caracterização das impurezas foi realizada por espectroscopia na região do infravermelho e por absorção atômica, detectando-se a presença de moléculas anfifílicas e de íons metálicos (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+), respectivamente. Dois tipos de fosfatases alcalinas foram usadas: uma purificada de placa óssea de ratos por extração com tensoativo nâo-iônico, chamada de DSAP e outra purificada de conídia de Neurospora crassa, denominada CNCAP. As interações com o fosfolipídio foram estudas por meio das mudanças nas curvas -A e a adsorção em filmes LB de DMPA/Zn2+ e DMPA/trealose, por meio da técnica de microbalança a cristal de quartzo (QCM). A presença das enzimas nos filmes foi também comprovada pela detecção de suas atividades catalíticas na hidrolise do PNPP (p-nitrofenilfosfato). Para a DSAP, a melhor atividade foi obtida quando a imobilização da proteína ocorreu a baixa temperatura (10º C).
Title in English
Influence of the temperature and adtives in phospholipidic matrix utilized to Alkaline Phosphatases incorporation by Langmuir-Blodgett tecnique
Keywords in English
Alkaline Phosphatases
Films LB
Threalose
Abstract in English
ABSTRACT Alkaline phosphatases (AP) are unspecific enzymes that hydrolyze phosphate esthers. In this Dissertation we have studied the adsorption of two forms of AP in phospholipid Langmuir monolayers and Langmuir-Blodgett films, considered as biomembrane models, at different temperatures. Further, the effect of the presence of a disaccharide, trehalose, as well as some impurities present in its commercial form, in the subphase of the monolayers was tested. We concluded that the use of trehalose without further purification alters the surface pressure-area (Pi-A) curves of the monolayers. In addition, it acts as a good linking agent between successive layers in the Langmuir-Blodgett films of the sodium salt of 1,2-dimirystoyl-sn-glicero-3-phosphate acid, DMPA. In the presence of purified trehalose instead, these effects were not observed. No difference was noticed in the Pi-A curves of DMPA for trehalose concentrations between 10-3 mmol L-1 to 0.1 mmol L-1. The characterization of the impurities by atomic absorption and infrared spectroscopy reveal the presence of amphiphilic compounds as well as electrolytes such as: sodium, magnesium, calcium and potassium Two forms of AP were used: one purified from rat osseous plates using detergent solubilization, named DSAP, and the other from Neurospora crassa conidia, CNCAP. Enzyme interaction with phospholipids was followed by changes in Pi-A curves, and their adsorption on DMPA/Zn2+ or DMPA/trehalose LB films using the quartz crystal microbalance technique, QCM. Their presence within the films was also monitored by catalytic activity assays, using PNPP (p-nitrophenylphosphate) as hydrolysis substrate. For DSAP, the highest enzymatic activity was observed when the immobilization was carried out at low temperature (10o C).
 
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Publishing Date
2007-05-22
 
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