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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.59.2012.tde-07122012-100400
Document
Author
Full name
Marcelo Cardoso Ferreira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Nassur, Maria Eugenia Queiroz (President)
Chaves, Andréa Rodrigues
Moraes, Luiz Alberto Beraldo de
Title in Portuguese
Padronização e validação analítica do método de extração em fase sólida de levoglucosano em amostras de água de chuva com análises por cromatografia gasosa acoplada à espectrometria de massas
Keywords in Portuguese
amostras de água de chuva
cromatografia gasosa acoplada à espectrometria de massas
Levoglucosano
quitosana
SPE
validação analítica.
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho, o método de extração em fase sólida (SPE) com análises por cromatografia gasosa acoplada à espectrometria de massas (GC-MS) foi desenvolvido para a determinação de levoglucosano em amostras de água de chuva da região de Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brasil. O monossacarídeo levoglucosano foi proposto como um marcador específico para queima de biomassa, uma vez que o mesmo é liberado durante a pirólise da celulose em temperaturas acima de 300ºC. Após a otimização das variáveis SPE, as melhores condições dentre as avaliadas foram as seguintes: cartuchos SPE recheados com a fase extratora quitosana (1,0 g), volume de amostra igual a 5,0 mL, vazão de 1,0 mL min-1, solvente de eluição: metanol (volume igual a 2,5 mL), sem a adição de sal. O método SPE/GC-MS para a determinação de levoglucosano em amostras de chuva apresentou faixa linear no intervalo de concentração de 0,05 µg mL-1 a 0,50 µg mL-1, r 0,9967, exatidão de 95 a 110% e precisão inter ensaios com coeficientes de variação (CV) menores que 15%, exceto para o limite de quantificação (0,05 µg mL-1) o qual apresentou CV inferior a 20%. Segundo as determinações (SPE/GC-MS) de levoglucosano em amostras de água de chuva coletadas no período 03/08/2011 à 09/04/2012, as concentrações médias de levoglucosano na safra de cana-de-açúcar são aproximadamente quatro vezes superior ao período de entressafra. Este fato é justificado pela elevada taxa de queima da palha da cana-de-açúcar na região de Ribeirão Preto-SP no período safra, e consequentemente, maior emissão de material particulado para a atmosfera incluindo levoglucosano, COD, entre outros.
Title in English
Standardization and validation of analytical method for solid phase extraction of levoglucosan in rainwater samples with analysis by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry
Keywords in English
analytical validation.
chitosan
GC/MS
Levoglucosan
rainwater samples
SPE
Abstract in English
In this work, the method of solid phase extraction (SPE) with gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis was developed for the determination of levoglucosan in rainwater samples collected in the region of Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil. The monosaccharide levoglucosan (1,6-Anhydro--D- Glucopyranose) was proposed as a specific marker for biomass burning, since it is released during the pyrolysis of cellulose at temperatures above 300 ° C. After optimization of the SPE variables, the best conditions were found to be as follows: SPE cartridges filled with the extraction phase chitosan (1,0 g), sample volume equal to 5,0 mL, flow rate of 1,0 mL.min-1 and elution with methanol (volume of 2,5 mL) without added salt. The use of the method SPE/GC-MS for to determination of levoglucosan in rainwater samples was in the range of concentration going from 0,05 to 0,50 g.mL-1, r 0,9967. The accuracy was 95-110%, determination of the inter assay precision gare coefficients of variation (CV) less than 15%, except for the limit of quantification (0,05 g.mL-1), for which CV was less than 20%. According to SPE/GC-MS determinations of levoglucosan in rainwater samples collected between 03/08/2011 and 09/04/2012, the average concentrations of this compound found during the harvest of sugar cane were approximately four times those obtained during the off-season. This fact is explained by the high rate of sugar cane burning in Ribeirão Preto-SP during harvest, which culminates in larger emissions of particulate matter to the atmosphere, including levoglucosano and COD, among others.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-01-16
 
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