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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.59.2013.tde-25032013-144441
Document
Author
Full name
Helene Aparecida Fachim
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Santos, Wagner Ferreira dos (President)
Brandao, Marcus Lira
Mortari, Márcia Renata
Coimbra, Norberto Cysne
Simon, Cláudio Roberto
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da expressão das subunidades GluR1 e GluR2 no hipocampo de ratos após lesão por NMDA e avaliação do efeito neuroprotetor da Parawixina 10
Keywords in Portuguese
Excitotoxicidade
GluR1
GluR2
Hipocampo
Memória
Parawixina 10.
Receptores AMPA
Abstract in Portuguese
Tem sido demonstrado o envolvimento do glutamato, através de diferentes receptores, nos mecanismos excitotóxicos que levam à morte neuronal na maioria das doenças neurodegenerativas do Sistema Nervoso Central (SNC). Adicionalmente, a Parawixina 10 (Pwx 10) tem sido demonstrada possuir efeito neuroprotetor em modelos de lesão atuando sobre o transporte de glutamato. Os objetivos gerais deste trabalho foram: i) estudar, em um curso temporal (24h, 1, 2 e 4 semanas), as alterações na expressão dos receptores AMPA no hipocampo de ratos induzidas pela injeção local de NMDA e ii) estudar o efeito neuroprotetor da Pwx 10 neste modelo. Foram utilizados ratos Wistar machos, submetidos à cirurgia estereotáxica para a microinjeção de salina ou NMDA no hipocampo dorsal. Alguns grupos de animais foram tratados com Pwx 10 a partir de 1h ou 24h após NMDA. O teste comportamental no labirinto aquático de Morris (LAM) e a coloração de Nissl foram realizados para verificar a extensão e eficácia da lesão por NMDA e o efeito neuroprotetor da Pwx 10. A expressão dos receptores foi estudada através do método de imunoistoquímica. Foram também realizados experimentos de imunofluorescência para GFAP e NeuN para avaliação da gliose e presença de neurônios na área lesada. Foi observado comprometimento das funções de aprendizado e memória no LAM, além de intensa perda de células neuronais e proliferação glial na região do CA1 que recebeu o NMDA, comprovando a eficiência da lesão pelo agonista. Observamos um curso temporal de diferentes alterações na expressão das subunidades GluR1 e GluR2 dos receptors AMPA no hipocampo, que podem ser relacionadas ao complexo mecanismo que ocorre em resposta à microinjeção de NMDA resultando em uma lesão local e na ativação da plasticidade neuronal. O tratamento com Pwx 10 apresentou efeito neuroprotetor, sendo este mais pronunciado quando a toxina foi administrada a partir de 1h após o agonista.
Title in English
Study of the expression of GluR1 and GluR2 in hippocampus of rats after injury by NMDA and evaluation of the neuroprotective effect of Parawixina 10.
Keywords in English
AMPA receptors
Excitotoxicity
GluR1
GluR2
Hippocampus
Memory
Neurotoxins
Parawixin 10.
Abstract in English
It has been shown the involvement of glutamate, through different receptors, on the excitotoxic mechanisms which result on the neuronal death reported in most neurodegenerative disorders of the CNS. In addition, Parawixina 10 (Pwx 10) has been demonstrated to act as neuroprotective in models of injury regulating the glutamatergic neurotransmission through glutamate transporters. The aims of this work were: i) to study, in a time course (24h, 1, 2 and 4 weeks), the changes on the expression of AMPA receptors in rat hippocampus induced by NMDA intrahippocampal injection, and ii) to study the neuroprotective effect of Pwx 10 in this moldel. Male Wistar rats has been used, submitted to stereotaxic surgery for saline or NMDA microinjection into dorsal hippocampus. Some groups of animals were treated with Pwx 10 from 1h or 24h after NMDA. The behavioral test on Morris water maze (MWM) and the Nissl staining were performed for evaluating the extension and efficacy of the NMDA injury and the neuroprotective effect of the Pwx 10 . The expression of the receptors was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The expression of GFAP and NeuN on the lesioned area has also been investigated by immunofluorescency. It was observed the impaiment of learning and memory functions in the MWM, and intense loss of neuronal cells and glial proliferation in CA1 that received the NMDA, confirming the efficiency of the injury by the agonist. We observed a time course of distinct changes on the expression of GluR1 and GluR2 subunits of AMPA receptors in hippocampus, which may be related to the complex mechanism triggered in response to NMDA injection resulting in a local injury and on the activation of neuronal plasticity. The treatment with Pwx 10 showed neuroprotective effect, being most pronounced when the toxin was administrated from 1h after NMDA.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-02-10
 
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