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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.59.2009.tde-24072009-100426
Document
Author
Full name
Tiago Fernandes Carrijo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Cancello, Eliana Marques (President)
Brandão, Divino
Casari, Sonia Aparecida
Title in Portuguese
Revisão taxonômica do gênero Spinitermes Wasmann, 1897 (Isoptera, Termitidae, Termitinae)
Keywords in Portuguese
Isoptera
Spinitermes
Taxonomia
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta dissertação trata da revisão taxonômica do gênero sul-americano Spinitermes Wasmann, 1897 (Isoptera, Termitidae, Termitinae). Estudei um total de 399 amostras, incluindo todas as do MZUSP e as de outras instituições, das quais solicitei material emprestado. As espécies deste gênero ocorrem no solo e em ninhos epígeos de outras espécies de cupins, principalmente do gênero Cornitermes (Termitidae, Syntermitinae), e alimentam-se de material orgânico em decomposição. De acordo com os caracteres morfológicos, separei as seis espécies já descritas e três espécies novas em três grupos: Grupo allognathus, com Spinitermes allognathus, S. sp. A, sp.n. e S. sp. B, sp.n., Grupo robustus, com S. robustus e Grupo trispinosus, que ainda dividi em dois subgrupos, de acordo com as características das válvulas entéricas, com Subgrupo de V.E. lisa (S. longiceps, S. nigrostomus, S. trispinosus e S. sp. C, sp.n.) e Subgrupo de V.E. rugosa (S. brevicornutus). Fiz as descrições de todas as castas dos três grupos e diagnoses para as espécies e subgrupos. Ilustrei o soldado de todas as espécies e os imagos conhecidos. Também ilustrei os seguintes caracteres dos operários de cada um dos grupos: pronoto, mandíbulas, gálea, lacínia, tubo digestivo in situ, válvula entérica e moela. Apresento uma chave dicotômica para identificação das espécies baseada em soldados e mapas de distribuição geográfica para todas as espécies.
Title in English
Taxonomic revision of the termite genus Spinitermes Wasmann, 1897 (Isoptera, Termitidae, Termitinae)
Keywords in English
Isoptera
Spinitermes
Taxonomy
Termites
Abstract in English
This is the taxonomic revision of the South American genus Spinitermes Wasmann, 1897 (Isoptera, Termitidae, Termitinae). I studied 399 samples including all those from MZUSP and others from institutions that I requested material as loans. The species of this genus feed on decomposed organic matter and occurs in both the soil and in the epigeal nests constructed, mainly, by species of the genus Cornitermes (Termitidae, Syntermitinae). Using morphological characters, mainly from soldiers, I clustered the six species already known and the three new ones into three groups: Grupo allognathus: Spinitermes allognathus, S. sp. A, new species and S. sp. B, n.sp.; Grupo robustus: S. robustus; and Grupo trispinosus, that I subdivided, accordantly to the enteric valves characteristics, into two subgroups: Subgrupo de V.E. lisa: S. longiceps, S. nigrostomus, S. trispinosus and S. sp. C, n.sp., and Subgrupo de V.E. rugosa: S. brevicornutus. I described all castes of the three groups and made diagnoses for the species and subgroups; I also made illustrations of the soldier and imago, when presents, for all species and the pronote, mandibles, galea, lacinia, digestive tube in situ, enteric valve and crop from workers of the three groups. In addition, I present a dicotomic key for identification of the species using soldiers and geographic distributions maps for all species.
 
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TiagoFCarrijo.pdf (4.80 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2009-07-27
 
WARNING: The material described below relates to works resulting from this thesis or dissertation. The contents of these works are the author's responsibility.
  • CARRIJO, Tiago, e CANCELLO, Eliana. Divinotermes (Isoptera, Termitidae, Termitinae), a New Genus from South America. Sociobiology, 2011, vol. 58, p. 537-556.
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