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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.58.2009.tde-26032010-102202
Document
Author
Full name
Flaviane Renó Gonzaga Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Catirse, Alma Blasida Concepcion Elizaur Benitez (President)
Cruz, Carlos Alberto dos Santos
Fonseca, Renata Garcia
Gonçalves, Rogéria Rocha
Sundfeld, Renato Herman
Title in Portuguese
Efeito da fonte de luz e enxaguatórios bucais na microdureza longitudinal de resinas compostas diretas. Análise complementar por espectroscopia Raman
Keywords in Portuguese
Enxaguatório
Espectroscopia
Fonte de luz
Grau de conversão
Microdureza
Profundidade
Resina composta
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste estudo foi realizada avaliação longitudinal da microdureza Vickers e análise complementar do grau de conversão, de resinas compostas diretas, pelo método de espectroscopia Raman. As resinas compostas estudadas (M1: Charisma, M2: Z100 e M3: Filtek Supreme) foram fotopolimerizadas por diferentes fontes de luz (F1: Diodo emissor de F2: Luz e Halógena) e submetidos à ação de diferentes enxaguatórios bucais (S1: Saliva artificial, S2: Listerine e S3: Cepacol) e analisadas nas diferentes profundidades (P1 = 2mm, P2 = 4mm e P3 = 6mm). Para análise de microdureza Vickers - VHN (kg/cm3) foram confeccionados 07 corpos-de-prova (cp) para cada condição experimental (total = 180) por meio de matrizes em teflon, constituídas de dois dispositivos, o primeiro contendo uma cavidade de 02X04X06mm de base arredondada e um segundo dispositivo de superfície lisa que foi contraposto ao primeiro, as leituras foram realizadas 24 horas após a confecção dos cp por meio do microdurômetro Shimadzu HMV-200. A análise espectroscópica foi realizada por espectroscopia Raman (espalhamento Raman) (GC), para tal foram selecionadas aleatoriamente 06 amostras de cada resina estudada, das condições experimentais propostas (dentre as utilizadas para o teste de microdureza) e obtidos 06 cp para cada profundidade (total = 18 para cada resina), conforme metodologia preconizada pelo Laboratório do Departamento de Química da FFCLRP-USP. Os valores obtidos foram submetidos à análise de variância (ANOVA) e, para as comparações individuais, foi realizado o teste de Tukey (p<0,05). Os resultados permitiram observar que para o fator Profundidade os valores de VHN e GC foram maiores para P1 e menores para P3 nas resinas R1 e R3; para o fator Fonte F2 determinou maiores valores de VHN para R1 e R2 e maiores valores de GC para todas as resinas analisadas; para o fator Solução S3 determinou maiores valores de VHN para todas as resinas, no entanto, não houve diferença no GC entre as Soluções; entre as resinas R2>R3>R1 para VHN e para DC R3>R1>R2. Logo, todos os fatores analisados influenciaram a microdureza e o grau de conversão das resinas.
Title in English
Effect of the light curing units and mouthrise in the longitudinal microhardness of direct composite resins. Backing analysis for Ramam spectroscopy
Keywords in English
Composite resin
Degree of conversion
Depth of cure
Light curing units
Microhardness
Mouthrise
Spectroscopy
Abstract in English
In this study was made longitudinal evaluation of the microhardness Vickers and backing analysis of the conversion degree was accomplished, of direct composite resins, by the method of Raman spectroscopy. The composite resins studied (M1: Charisma, M2: Z100 and M3: Filtek Supreme) was photopolymerized by different sources of light (F1: light emitting diode and F2:quartz-tungsten-halogenous) and submitted to the action of different mouthrise (S1: Artificial saliva, S2: Listerine and S3: Cepacol) and analysed in the different depths (P1= 2mm, P2= 4mm e P3= 6mm). For analysis of microhardness Vickers - VHN (kg/cm3) were confectioned 07 samples for each experimental condition (total = 180) by means of matrix in teflon, constituted of two devices, first containing a socket of 02X04X06mm of rounded base and a second dispositive of smooth surface that was opposed to first, the readings were accomplished 24 hours after the confection of sample by means of the equipmente Shimadzu HMV-200. The spectroscopic analysis was accomplished by Raman spectroscopy (Raman scattering) (DC), for such 06 samples of each studied resin were selected randomly, of the experimental conditions proposals (amongst the used ones for the microhardness test) e obtained 06 samples for each depth (total=18 for each resin), as methodology praised for the Laboratory of the Department of Chemistry of the FFCLRP-USP. The obtained values were submitted to the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and, for the individual matchings, were accomplished the test of Tukey (p<0,05). The results had allowed to observe that for the factor Depth the values of VHN and DC were bigger for P1 and lesser for P3 in the resins R1 and R3; for the factor F2 Source it determined greaters values of VHN for R1 and R2 and greaters values of DC for all the analysed resins; for the factor S3 Solution it determined greaters values of VHN for all the resins, however, it did not have difference in the DC between the Solutions; between resins R2>R3>R1 for VHN and for DC R3>R1>R2. Soon, all the analysed factors had influenced the microhardness and the degree of conversion of resins.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-10-08
 
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