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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2014.tde-29052014-092728
Document
Author
Full name
Leandro Vilela Oliva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Tibério, Iolanda de Fátima Lopes Calvo (President)
Carmona, Adriana Karaoglanovic
Capelozzi, Vera Luiza
Title in Portuguese
Efeito do inibidor de proteinase de origem vegetal CrataBL, sobre a lesão pulmonar induzida pela elastase em camundongos C57/BI6
Keywords in Portuguese
Camundongos
Capparaceae
Doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica
Elastase pancreática
Enfisema pulmonar
Estresse oxidativo
Inflamacao
Inibidores de proteases
Remodelamento das vias aéreas
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar se a proteína bifuncional de planta, CrataBL, que tem lectina e as propriedades inibidoras de enzima, modula alterações de mecânica pulmonar, inflamatórias e remodelamento induzidas por elastase intratraqueal em camundongos. Métodos: 36 camundongos C57BL6 receberam elastase (0,025 mg) por instilação intratraqueal (grupo ELA e ELA-CrataBL). Os grupos controles receberam salina (grupo SAL e SAL-CrataBL). Os camundongos foram tratados com instilação intraperitoneal de CrataBL (2mg/kg) nos dias 1, 14 e 21 após a instilação intratraqueal de elastase (grupo SAL-CrataBL e ELA-CrataBL) os animais controle receberam salina no mesmo volume. No dia 28, os camundongos foram anestesiados, ventilados mecanicamente e foram analisados a resistência e elastância do sistema respiratório (Ers e Rrs), elastância e resistência tecidual (Htis e Gtis), resistência das vias aéreas (Raw) e óxido nítrico exalado (NOex). Após, o lavado broncoalveolar (LBA) foi realizado, os pulmões foram retirados e por morfometria, e foram quantificados o intercepto linear médio (Lm), a quantidade de neutrófilos, células positivas para TNF-alfa, fibras colágenas, elásticas, células positivas para MMP-9, MMP-12, TIMP-1, eNOS e iNOS e isoprostano no parênquima pulmonar e vias aéreas. No parênquima foram avaliados os macrófagos nos septos alveolares e nas vias aéreas, foram também avaliadas as células para MUC-5. Resultados: No grupo ELA houve um aumento na Ers, Raw, Gtis, Htis, Lm, NOex, nas células totais, macrófagos, neutrófilos, eosinófilos e linfócitos no LBA em relação aos controles (p < 0,05), sendo que Raw, diminuiu também nos grupos SAL-CrataBL e ELA-CrataBL. Nos grupos tratados com CrataBL houve uma diminuição de Ers (37,0±2,2 cmH2O/L), Htis (37,9±3,5 cmH2O/ml/s), ENO (14,7±0,7 ppb), comparativamente ao grupo ELA (p < 0,05). No LBA houve atenuação de neutrófilos (0,003±0,001 104células/ml), linfócitos (0,003±0,001 104células/ml) e de Lm (54,6±6,0 mm). Complementando a avaliação, no grupo que recebeu elastase houve um aumento no número de macrófagos (22,88 +- 2,24 células/104um2), neutrófilos (1,18 +- 0,15 células/10 4um2), células positivas para TNF-ala (12,52 +- 0,42 células/104um2) no parênquima pulmonar. Nas alterações de remodelamento no parênquima pulmonar, houve um aumento da proporção de volume de fibras colágenas (11,5 +- 0,11%), elásticas (0,5 +- 0,03%), na quantidade de células positivas para MMP-9 (18,59 +- 1,87 células/104?m2), MMP-12 (20,17 +- 1,92 células/104?m2), TIMP-1 (14,42 +- 2,05 células/104um2) em comparação com os controlos (p < 0,001). No estresse oxidativo, houve um aumento de eNOS (13,15 +- 0,40 células/104um2), iNOS (10,49 +- 0,65 células/104um2) e isoprostano (18,11 =- 5,38%). O tratamento CrataBL (grupo ELA-CrataBL) reduziu no parênquima pulmonar a quantidade de macrófagos (9,58 +- 1,36 células/104um2), neutrófilos (0,75 +- 0,1 células/104um2), células positivas para TNF-alfa (10.4±0,49 células/104?m2), fibras colágenas (10,8 +- 0,13%), elásticas (0,3 +- 0,02%), a quantidade de células positivas para a MMP-9 (10,35±0,65 células/104um2), MMP-12 (14,15±0,59 células/104um2), TIMP-1 (9,89 +- 2,79 células/104um2), MUC-5 (3,56 +- 0,54 células/104um2), eNOS (6.98 +- 0.32 células/104um2) e iNOS (6,21 +- 0,42 células/104um2) e isoprostano (8,96 +- 3,08 %) em relação ao grupo ELA (p < 0,001). Nas vias aéreas também ocorreu um aumento significativo de neutrófilos (5,97 +- 1,03 células/104um2), células positivas para TNF-alfa (15,82 +- 1,03 células/104um2). Nas alterações de remodelamento pulmonar nas vias aéreas também ocorreu um aumento da proporção de volume de fibras colágenas (8,73 +- 2,59%), elásticas (2,56 +- 0,18%), na quantidade de células positivas para MMP-9 (14,86 +- 1,77 células/104um2), MMP-12 (18,56 +- 1,79 células/104um2), TIMP-1 (1,31 +- 0,12 células/104um2) e MUC-5 (7,09 +- 1,71 células/104um2) em comparação com os controlos (p < 0,001). No estresse oxidativo, houve um aumento de células positivas para eNOS (3,09 +- 0,08 células/104um2), iNOS (5,4 +- 0,3 células/104um2) e isoprostano (18,11 +- 5,38%) em comparação com os controlos (p < 0,001). O tratamento CrataBL (grupo ELA-CrataBL) reduziu nas vias aéreas a quantidade de neutrófilos (4,62 +- 0,61 células/104um2), TNF- alfa (14,30 +- 1,28 células/104um2), fibras colágenas (7,80 +- 1,37%), elásticas (1,4 +- 0,13%), a quantidade de células positivas para a MMP-9 (9,93 +- 1,39 células/104um2), MMP-12 (12,06 +- 1,15 células/104um2), TIMP-1 (0,73 +- 0,05 células/104?m2), MUC-5 (3,56 +- 0,54 células/104um2), eNOS (1,89 +- 0,16 células/104um2) e iNOS (4,3 +- 0,31 células/104um2), isoprostano (7,34 +- 2,31%) em relação ao grupo ELA (p < 0,001). Conclusão: CrataBL atenua as alterações de mecânica pulmonar, lavado bronco alveolar, responsividade inflamatória, controle do remodelamento e estresse oxidativo induzidas pela elastase. Embora mais estudos devam ser realizados, esta proteína bifuncional pode contribuir como potencial ferramenta terapêutica para o tratamento da DPOC
Title in English
Effect of vegetable proteinase inhibitor, CrataBL, on lung injury induced by elastase in mice C57/Bl6
Keywords in English
Airway remodeling
Capparaceae
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Inflammation
Mice
Oxidative stress
Pancreatic elastase
Protease inhibitors
Pulmonary emphysema
Abstract in English
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the bifunctional protein plant, CrataBL, which has lectin and enzyme inhibitory properties, modulates changes in lung mechanics, inflammatory and remodeling induced by intratracheal elastase in mice.Methods : 36 C57/Bl6 mice received elastase (0.025 mg) by intratracheal (group ELA and ELA-CrataBL). Control groups received saline (group SAL and SAL-CrataBL).The mice were treated with intraperitoneal instillation of CrataBL (2mg/kg) on days 1, 14 and 21 after intratracheal instillation of elastase (group SAL-CrataBL and ELA-CrataBL), control animals received saline in the same volume. On day 28, the mice were anesthetized and mechanically ventilated were analyzed resistance and respiratory system elastance (Ers and Rrs), elastance and tissue resistance (Htis and Gtis), airway resistance (Raw) and exhaled nitric oxide (ENO). After the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed, the lungs were removed and morphometry were quantified and the linear intercept mean (Lm), the number of neutrophils, positive cells for TNF-alfa, collagen fibers, positive cells for MMP-9, MMP-12, TIMP-1, eNOS, iNOS and isoprostane in lung parenchyma and airways. Parenchyma was also evaluated macrophages in the alveolar septa. Airway was also evaluated MUC-5 cells. Results: In group ELA was an increase in Ers, Raw, Gtis, Htis, Lm, ENO, in total cells, macrophages, neutrophils, eosinophils and lymphocytes in BAL compared to controls (p < 0.05), and Raw, decreased in both groups SAL-CrataBL and ELA-CrataBL. In the groups treated with CrataBL there was a decrease in Ers (37.0±2.2 cmH2O/L) Htis (37 9±3.5 cmH2O/ml/s) and ENO (14.7±0.7 ppb) compared to the ELA group (p < 0.05). In BAL there was attenuation of neutrophils (0.003±0.001 104cells/ml), lymphocytes (0.003±0.001 104cells/ml) and Lm (54.6±6.0 mm). Complementing the assessment, the group that received elastase was an increase in the number of macrophages (22.88±2.24 cells/104um2), neutrophils (1.18±0.15 cells/104um2), positive TNF-alfa cells (12.52±0.42 cells/104um2) in the lung parenchyma. In remodeling changes in lung parenchyma, there was an increase in the volume ratio of collagen fibers (11.5 ± 0.11%), elastic (0.5±0.03%), the number of positive MMP-9 cells (18.59±1.87 cells/104um2), MMP-12 (20.17 ± 1.92 cells/104um2) TIMP-1 (14.42±2.05 cells/104um2) compared to controls (p < 0.001). Oxidative stress, was an increased of eNOS (13.15±0.40 cells/104um2), iNOS (10.49 ± 0.65 cells/104um2) and isoprostane (18.11±5.38%). Treatment CrataBL (ELA-CrataBL group) reduced the amount of parenchymal lung macrophages (9.58±1.36 cells/104um2), neutrophils (0.75±0.1 cells/104um2), positive TNF-alfa cells (10.4±0.49 cells/104um2), collagen (10.8±0.13%), elastic (0.3±0.02%), the number of positive MMP-9 cells (10.35±0.65 cells/104?m2), MMP-12 (14.15±0.59 cells/104um2), TIMP-1 (9.89±2.79 cells/104um2) MUC-5 (3.56±0.54 cells/104um2), eNOS (6.98±0:32 cells/104um2) and iNOS (6.21±0.42 cells/104um2) and isoprostane (8.96 ± 3.08%) compared to group ELA (p < 0.001). Airway was also a significant increase in neutrophils (5.97±1.03 cells/104um2), positive TNF-alfa cells (15.82±1.03 cells/104um2). Changes in lung airway remodeling also occurred an increase in the volume ratio of collagen fibers (8.73±2.59%), elastic (2.56±0.18%), the number of positive MMP-9 cells (14.86±1.77 cells/104um2), MMP-12 (18.56±1.79 cells/104um2) TIMP-1 (1.31±0.12 cells/104um2) and MUC-5 (7.09±1.71 cells/104um2) compared to controls (p < 0.001). Oxidative stress, an increase of eNOS (3.09 ± 0.08 cells/104um2), iNOS (5.4±0.3 cells/104um2) and isoprostane (18.11±5.38%) compared to controls (p < 0.001). Treatment CrataBL (ELA-CrataBL group) reduced the amount airway neutrophils (4.62±0.61 cells/104um2), TNF-alfa (14.30 ± 1.28 cells/104um2), collagen fibers (7 80±1.37%), elastic (1.4±0.13%), the number of positive MMP-9 cells (9.93±1.39 cells/104um2), MMP-12 (12.06±1.15), TIMP-1 (0.73±0.05 cells/104um2), MUC-5 (3.56±0.54 cells/104um2), eNOS (1.89±0,16 cells/104um2) and iNOS (4.3±0.31 cells/104um2), isoprostane (7.34±2.31%) compared to group ELA (p < 0.001). Conclusion: CrataBL attenuates changes in lung mechanics, broncho alveolar inflammatory responsiveness, control remodeling and oxidative stress induced by elastase. Although more studies should be conducted, this bifunctional protein may contribute as a potential therapeutic tool for the treatment of COPD
 
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Publishing Date
2014-05-29
 
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