• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Lívia de Souza Gonçalves
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Artioli, Guilherme Giannini (President)
Silva, Hamilton Augusto Roschel da
Azevedo, Paulo Henrique Silva Marques de
Gualano, Bruno
Title in Portuguese
Ação da insulina na captação de beta-alanina pelo músculo esquelético: efeito sobre o conteúdo de beta-alanina muscular e mecanismos envolvidos
Keywords in Portuguese
Beta-alanina
Carnosina
Hiperinsulinemia
Músculo esquelético
Transportador de taurina
Abstract in Portuguese
A disponibilidade de beta-alanina é o fator limitante para a síntese intramuscular de carnosina. Dessa maneira, aumentar a disponibilidade de beta-alanina para o músculo esquelético é a estratégia mais eficaz para aumentar o conteúdo de carnosina muscular. Postula-se que o transportador de beta-alanina (TauT) possa ser estimulado pela insulina. Para testar essa hipótese, examinamos se a captação de beta-alanina pelo músculo esquelético de humanos é influenciada pela hiperinsulinemia, controlando as concentrações de insulina e beta-alanina no plasma através de infusão intravenosa aguda de beta-alanina. Realizamos um estudo crossover e contrabalanceado em 12 homens jovens e saudáveis (27,5±5,1 anos). Os participantes compareceram ao laboratório em duas ocasiões separadas por 10 semanas de whashout. A beta-alanina foi infundida por via intravenosa em ambos os ensaios por 150 min a uma taxa de 0,11 g.kg.min-1. Em um ensaio, a técnica de clamp euglicêmico hiperinsulinêmico foi usada para obtermos concentrações elevadas de insulina (AI), enquanto que no outro ensaio, foram mantidas concentrações de insulina em jejum (BI). Antes e 30 minutos após a infusão de beta-alanina, amostras de músculo (biópsias percutâneas) foram coletadas para determinar o conteúdo de beta-alanina e carnosina. Coletas sanguíneas foram realizadas antes (0), 10, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 e 30 min (180) após a infusão para análise de insulina e beta-alanina plasmáticas. Urina 24 h foi coletada após o período de infusão para análise de beta-alanina. Não houve diferenças significantes entre os ensaios na concentração de beta-alanina plasmática (p=0,20), de beta-alanina muscular (p=0,72), de carnosina muscular (p=0,82) e de beta-alanina urinária (p= 0,92). A hiperinsulinemia não aumentou a captação de beta-alanina para o músculo esquelético, nem aumentou a retenção de beta-alanina corporal, pelo menos quando as concentrações de beta-alanina excederam a Vmax do TauT. Nossas descobertas sugerem que as estratégias de suplementação de beta-alanina que manipulam as concentrações de insulina provavelmente apresentam relevância clínica limitada
Title in English
Insulin action on beta-alanine uptake by skeletal muscle: effect on muscle beta-alanine content and mechanisms involved
Keywords in English
Beta-alanine
Carnosine
Hyperinsulinemia
Skeletal muscle
Taurine transporter
Abstract in English
Beta-alanine availability is limiting for the intramuscular synthesis of carnosine. Thus, increasing beta-alanine availability to skeletal muscle is the most effective strategy to increase muscle carnosine content. It has been postulated that the transmembrane transporter of beta-alanine (TauT) could be stimulated by insulin. To test this hypothesis, we examined whether the beta-alanine uptake by human muscle is influenced by hyperinsulinemia by controlling both insulin and beta-alanine concentrations in plasma via intravenous infusion of beta-alanine. We conducted a counterbalanced crossover study in 12 young men (27.5 ± 5.1 yr). Participants attended to the laboratory on two separated occasions, 10 weeks apart. beta-alanine was intravenously infused on both trials for 150 min at a rate of 0.11 g.kg.min-1. In one trial, a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp was used to main high insulin concentrations (HI) whereas fasting insulin concentrations (LI) was maintained in the other trial. Before and 30 min after infusion, muscle samples (percutaneous biopsies) were taken to determine beta-alanine and carnosine content. Blood samples were taken before (0), 10, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 e 30 min (180) after the infusion for plasma insulin and beta-alanine analysis. 24 h urine was colleted after infusion for beta-alanine analysis. No significant differences in plasma beta-alanine (p=0.20), muscle beta-alanine (p=0.72), muscle carnosine (p=0.82) and urinary beta-alanine (p=0.92) were shown between conditions. Hyperinsulinemia did not increase beta-alanine uptake to muscle tissue and bodily tissues, nor did it increase whole-body beta-alanine retention, at least when beta-alanine concentrations exceed the Vmax of TauT. Our findings suggest that beta-alanine supplementation strategies that maniupulate insulin concentrations are probably of limited clinical relevance
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2019-08-07
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.