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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2010.tde-01022011-155013
Document
Author
Full name
Afonso José Pereira Cortez
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Dulley, Frederico Luiz (President)
Chiattone, Carlos Sérgio
Kalil Filho, Jorge Elias
Mendrone Junior, Alfredo
Souza, Carmino Antonio de
Title in Portuguese
Transplante autólogo de celulas tronco hematopoiéticas nos pacientes com linfoma de Hodgkin: análise de 106 pacientes
Keywords in Portuguese
Linfoma de Hodgkin
Transplante autólogo
Transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas
Abstract in Portuguese
Foram analisados 106 pacientes portadores de Linfoma de Hodgkin (LH) com recidiva da doença ou refratários ao tratamento inicial que foram submetidos ao transplante autólogo de células tronco hematopoiéticas (TCTH), na ordem consecutiva de sua realização, entre o mês de abril de 1993 a dezembro de 2007 em um único Centro Brasileiro: o Serviço de Transplante de Medula Óssea da FMUSP. O grupo teve a mediana etária de 28 anos, 55 pacientes (51,9%) eram do sexo masculino e houve predomínio da raça branca (87,6%). A mediana de seguimento clínico foi de 56,4 meses. Todos pacientes foram submetidos no pré TCTH a protocolos de tratamento convencionais, sendo que o uso dos protocolos MOPP, ABVD e sua associação foram utilizados em 97 pacientes (91,5%). Os pacientes foram classificados, de acordo com a resposta ao tratamento utilizado antes do TCTH, sendo 38,1% considerados refratários e 61,9% responsivos. Dos responsivos, 54 pacientes estavam em segunda remissão completa (85%). Tratamento com quimioterapia em alta dose pré TCTH foi feito em 45 (42,4%) dos pacientes (salvamento). A mobilização das células tronco hematopoiéticas foi realizada com ciclofosfamida 120 mg/kg dividida em dois dias seguido de fator estimulador de colônias de granulócitos (G-CSF) na dose de 6 a 17 mcg/kg em 83 (78%) pacientes. Em 25 pacientes (22%) houve falha de mobilização e a coleta foi realizada por múltiplas punções da medula óssea em centro cirúrgico. O valor mediano de células CD 34 coletadas foi de 2,6 x 106 células CD34/Kg de peso do paciente. Os condicionamentos mais utilizados foram BEAM e CVB, e não se encontrou diferença na sobrevida em relação ao regime empregado (p=0,17). A mediana de enxertia das células transplantadas foi de 12 dias. A sobrevida global após o TCTH pelo método de Kaplan-Meier foi, respectivamente, de 86% e 70% aos 5 e 10 anos. Não influenciaram a sobrevida na análise univariada o sexo, o estadio da doença e a presença de massa tumoral extensa. O principal fator preditivo de melhor sobrevida foi a presença de resposta a quimioterapia pré TCTH (p=0,0095) e hemoglobina maior que 10g/dL ao diagnóstico (p=0,0229). A mortalidade relacionada ao procedimento até o centésimo dia após o TCTH foi de 3,74%, e a principal causa de mortalidade tardia após TCTH foi a recidiva da doença
Title in English
Autologous hemapoietic stem cell transplantation in Hodgkin lymphoma: follow-up of 106 patients
Keywords in English
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Hodgkin disease
Transplantation autologous
Abstract in English
The study enrolled 106 patients with classic Hodgkin disease (HD) refractory or relapsed after initial treatment who underwent to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) between April 1993 and December 2007. Median age was 28 years and 55 (51,9%) patients were male. Ninety three (87,6%) of patients were white. All patients underwent to conventional chemotherapy protocols prior HSCT. The use of MOPP, ABVD protocols and their associations were used in 97 (91,5%) of the patients. Disease classification was done according to the response to initial treatment and comprised 38,1% refractory and 61,9% responsive patients. In the group of responsive, 54 (85%) patients were in second complete remission. High dose chemotherapy prior HSCT was done as salvage in 45 (42,4%) patients. Stem cell mobilization was done after cyclophosphamide 120mg/kg divided in two days. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) 617 mcg/kg was given after cyclophosphamide in 83 (78%) patients. Twenty five (22%) patients failed the mobilization and stem cell harvest was done by bone marrow aspirations. The median number of CD34 collected was 2.6 x 106/L. Preparative regimen mostly used comprised BEAM and CVB and no differences was observed in overall survival (p=0.17). Median time to engraftment was 12 days. Median time of follow-up was 56.4 months. The overall survival (OS) was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and was 86% and 70% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. In the univariate analysis, response to initial treatment (p=0.009) and hemoglobin greater than 10g/dL at the time of diagnosis (p=0.02) were factors that influenced better OS. The gender, stage of disease and presence of bulky disease were not significant regarding OS in the univariate analysis. Treatment-related mortality (TRM) in 100-days was 3.74%. The major cause of late mortality was relapse of the disease
 
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Publishing Date
2011-02-02
 
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