• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2009.tde-24022010-150132
Document
Author
Full name
Tatiana Motta Fresnel
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Tanaka, Clarice (President)
Fu, Carolina
Sá, Cristina dos Santos Cardoso de
Title in Portuguese
Análise da postura dinâmica e do desempenho no salto vertical
Keywords in Portuguese
Joelho
Mulheres
Postura
Salto vertical
Abstract in Portuguese
A hiperextensão dos joelhos pode comprometer o controle postural durante o salto vertical. Desta forma, o objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o deslocamento do Centro de Pressão (CP) e o movimento em membros inferiores durante o salto vertical de sujeitos com joelhos hiperestendidos comparativamente com sujeitos com joelhos alinhados no período de preparo do salto. Dezesseis mulheres foram analisadas durante o salto vertical, através de uma plataforma de força modelo AMTI. Os sujeitos foram enquadrados nos grupos Sujeito-Hiperestendido (n=11) e Sujeito-Alinhados (n=5) de acordo com o alinhamento dos joelhos na avaliação postural tradicional e a análise dos dados cinématicos foram efetuadas. Os sujeitos foram orientados a se posicionar sobre uma plataforma de força e saltar o mais alto possível. A cinemática foi adquirida através de câmera em posição padronizada ao lado direito do sujeito que teve os seguintes pontos anatômicos marcados: 5º metatarso, maléolo lateral, cabeça da fíbula e trocânter maior. A fase de preparo e de impulso, neste estudo chamado de fase de preparo, foi determinada pela curva de velocidade angular do joelho. A aterrissagem foi analisada no 1s, 2s e 3s após aterrissagem. Foram calculados para comparação o CP-AP, o CP-ML e o ângulo e velocidade angular máxima e mínima do tornozelo e joelho. Comparação intergrupos dos intervalos de interesse foi realizada aplicando-se Teste de Mann- Whitney aos dados (p<0.05). Comparação intragrupo, entre os intervalos de interesse foi realizada aplicando-se o teste de Friedman seguido do teste de Wilcoxon (p<0.05). Este estudo revelou que indivíduos com hiperextensão de joelhos apresentam controle postural diferente dos com joelhos alinhados durante a execução do salto vertical. Durante a fase de preparo os indivíduos com joelhos hiperextendidos apresentam maior ângulo de extensão de joelhos e maior deslocamento lateral do COP. Durante a fase de aterrissagem os indivíduos com joelhos hiperextendidos apresentam maior ângulo de extensão e menor ângulo de flexão demandando menor deslocamento lateral do COP do que os indivíduos alinhados
Title in English
Dynamic postural analysis of vertical jump
Keywords in English
Knee
Posture
Vertical jump
Women
Abstract in English
Postural misalignment of knee such as hyperextended knees may compromise postural control during vertical jump. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze COP and lower limbs movements during vertical jump comparing individuals with hyperextended and aligned knees. Sixteen young and healthy women were analyzed during their maximal vertical jump using a MTI force plate. Subjects were classified as hyperextended (n=11) or aligned (n=5) knees according to clinical observation of knee angle. Subjects were asked to stand still on the force plate and then jump as high as possible. Kinematic data were acquired using a camera located in standardized position at the right side of the subject. Anatomical landmarks were placed at the right side at: 5º metatarsal, lateral malleolus, head of fibula and greater throcanter. The phase of preparation associated to the phase of propulsion was called in this study the phase of preparation. This phase was established based on the curve of angular velocity of the knee. Landing was analyzed in the first, second and third second immediately after landing. COP-AP, VM-AP, COPML and VM-ML were calculated. Kinematic parameters were maximum and minimum ankle and knee angle and angular velocity. Intergroup comparison was carried using Mann-Whitney Test (p<0.05). Intergroup comparison was carried using Friedman Test followed by Wilcoxon Test (p<0.05). This study revealed that subjects with hyperextended knee present different postural control compared to the subjects with aligned knees while performing a vertical jump. During the phase of preparation subjects with hyperextended knees revealed higher angle of knee extension and lower COP-ML displacement. During the phase of landing subjects with hyperextended knees present higher angle of knee extension and lower angle of knee flexion requiring lower displacement of COP-ML when compared to subjects with aligned knee
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
TatianaMFresnel.pdf (471.73 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2010-03-15
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.