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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2017.tde-11052017-152135
Document
Author
Full name
Tania Maria Queiroz Reis Boccia
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Massad, Eduardo (President)
Rossi, Marcela Maschio
Santos, Paulo Cesar Costa dos
Title in Portuguese
Mudanças comportamentais de controle de vetores em face a uma vacina imperfeita contra a dengue
Keywords in Portuguese
Aedes
Controle de vetores
Dengue
Epidemiologia
Hábitos
Vacinas
Abstract in Portuguese
O comportamento humano é influenciado por fatores sociais, culturais, econômicos e políticos, e pode aumentar ou diminuir o risco de infecção pela dengue, dependendo da relação entre a população e o inseto vetor da doença. Devido ao fato de nenhuma vacina 100% eficaz ter sido disponibilizada ainda, a disseminação da dengue só pode ser contida por técnicas de controle da população de vetores (Aedes aegypti e outros) e pela proteção individual dos componentes da população humana. Este estudo testou a hipótese de que as populações afetadas pela dengue provavelmente vão reduzir a intensidade de seus hábitos relacionados ao controle dos vetores na presença de uma vacina parcialmente protetora. Essa hipótese foi testada por uma avaliação em campo, na qual uma amostra de população de área endêmica para a dengue foi entrevistada sobre seus hábitos de controle do vetor na presença de uma vacina teórica. As entrevistas demonstraram que as pessoas que foram informadas sobre uma vacina muito eficiente iriam reduzir seus hábitos de controle do mosquito de maneira significativa mais importante do que a amostra que foi informada sobre a presença de uma vacina pouco eficaz
Title in English
Behavioral changes on vector control in the presence of an imperfect vaccine against dengue
Keywords in English
Aedes
Dengue
Epidemiology
Habits
Vaccines
Vector control
Abstract in English
Human behaviors, which are influenced by social, cultural, economic and political factors, can increase or decrease the risk of dengue infection, depending on the relationship with the insect vector. Because no 100% efficacious vaccine is currently available, the spread of dengue can only be curtailed by controlling vector populations (Aedes aegypti and others) and by protecting individuals. This study tested the hypothesis that dengue-affected populations are likely to relax their vector-control habits if a potentially protective vaccine becomes available. The hypothesis was tested using an empirical field test in which the local population of an endemic area was interviewed about their vector-control habits given the presence of a theoretical vaccine. The interview showed that people who were informed that a very effective vaccine is available would reduce their vector-control habits significantly compared to a group that was informed that the vaccine is not very effective
 
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Publishing Date
2017-05-11
 
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