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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2014.tde-04032015-153511
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Paula Garini
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Tung, Teng Chei (President)
Hime, Flavia Arantes
Trigo, Ruth Yamada Lopes
Title in Portuguese
Contribuições do grupo terapêutico de abordagem gestáltica no tratamento do transtorno depressivo recorrente moderado a grave
Keywords in Portuguese
Escalas
Psicoterapia de grupo
Terapêutica
Terapia Gestalt
Transtorno depressivo maior
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar preliminarmente a eficácia do grupo terapêutico de abordagem gestáltica no tratamento do Transtorno Depressivo Recorrente através da avaliação quantitativa dos sintomas depressivos, avaliação da qualidade de vida e adequação social. Foi um estudo aberto, exploratório, prospectivo, em pacientes que se encontravam em tratamento farmacológico para Transtorno Depressivo Recorrente, submetidos a dezesseis sessões de grupo terapêutico. Aplicou--se no início e no fim do tratamento: Entrevista Clínica Estruturada para o DSM-IV: Transtorno do Eixo I, 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey e Escala de Auto-Avaliação de Adequação Social. Sete pacientes terminaram as dezesseis semanas de tratamento. Observou-se melhora clínica em relação aos sintomas depressivos. Em relação à qualidade de vida, apresentaram melhora nos domínios da capacidade funcional; estado geral da saúde; saúde mental e dor. Perceberam-se inadequados em relação à adequação social, porém apresentaram indicadores clínicos de melhora após grupo terapêutico. Resultados sugerem que a participação no grupo terapêutico de abordagem gestáltica pode auxiliar na redução da sintomatologia depressiva, em certos domínios da qualidade de vida e em ganhos clínicos. Estudos com amostras maiores, com grupo controle e com melhor avaliação da adequação social e funcionalidade dos pacientes são necessários
Title in English
The contribution of Gestalt Group Therapy to the treatment of recurrent moderate to severe major depression
Keywords in English
Gestalt therapy
Major depressive disorder
Psychotherapy group
Scales
Therapeutics
Abstract in English
The intention of this study was to make a preliminarily evaluation of the effectiveness of gestalt group therapy in the treatment of major depression through the quantitative assessment of the symptoms of depression and an assessment of quality of life and social functioning. The open study was of an exploratory nature and involved patients who were undergoing pharmacological treatment for major depression and who participated in sixteen gestalt group therapy sessions. The effectiveness of the therapeutic process was assessed by Structured Clinical Interviews at the beginning and at the end of treatment at which were applied the DSM-IV: Disorder Axis I, 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey Scale and Self-Assessment of Social Adequacy. Seven patients completed the sixteen weeks of treatment. A clinical improvement in the depressive symptoms was observed. With regard to quality of life, the patients showed improvement in their physical functioning, general health, mental health and bodily pain. They considered themselves poorly adjusted to society and presented improved clinical indicators after group therapy. The results suggest that participation in gestalt group therapy can help reduce the symptoms of depression, improve some areas of quality of life and demonstrate clinical gains. Further studies with a larger sample, the use of a control group and improved assessment methods of social adequacy and functionality are needed
 
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Publishing Date
2015-03-04
 
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