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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2009.tde-15042009-162410
Document
Author
Full name
Moris Anger
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Friedhofer, Henri (President)
Gemperli, Rolf
Gomez, David de Souza
Landman, Gilles
Schiozer, Wandir Antonio
Title in Portuguese
Expressão de proteínas da apoptose em melanoma cutâneo primário
Keywords in Portuguese
Apaf-1
Apoptose
BAK
BAX
Bcl2
Caspases
Melanoma
Neoplasias cutâneas
Proteína ligante Fas
Abstract in Portuguese
Melanoma cutâneo ainda constitui a principal causa de morte por câncer de pele nos países desenvolvidos. A variabilidade do comportamento clínico dessa neoplasia tem sido apenas parcialmente explicada pelos aspectos clínicos e histológicos, e a identificação de variáveis biológicas pode vir a ser importante na determinação de grupos de risco específicos. Foram estudados 69 pacientes com melanoma cutâneo primário de diversos graus de gravidade, tratados entre 1990 e 2007, com o intuito de verificar aspectos clínicos e epidemiológicos, preparar Tissue microarray (TMA) para estudo dos melanomas cutâneos primários com espessura maior que 1,0 mm, avaliar por análise imuno-histoquímica a expressão das proteínas da apoptose celular Bcl2, Bax, Bak, Apaf-1, Caspase 3, Caspase 9, Caspase 8, FasL e Fas em nevos-controle e em melanomas primários com espessuras menores e maiores que 1mm, e correlacionar a expressão dessas proteínas da apoptose com a evolução de melanomas cutâneos primários. Os resultados ratificaram tanto dados epidemiológicos já publicados em relação a sexo, idade e local da lesão, quanto a correlação entre a evolução da doença e os índices de Breslow. A análise dos escores compostos relativos à expressão das proteínas da apoptose revelou que o perfil imuno-histoquímico dessas proteínas parece não ter significado prognóstico, uma vez que não houve diferenças de expressão entre pacientes com e sem doença disseminada. Não foram encontradas alterações na expressão das proteínas da apoptose estudadas que pudessem sugerir o seu envolvimento tanto na gênese quanto na progressão de melanoma primário. O perfil imuno-histoquímico com tendência pró-apoptótica parece indicar que outros fatores seriam responsáveis pelo crescimento e disseminação da neoplasia
Title in English
Apoptosis proteins expression in cutaneous melanoma
Keywords in English
Apaf-1
Apoptosis
BAK
BAX
Bcl2
Caspases
Fas ligant protein
Melanoma
Skin neoplasias
Abstract in English
Cutaneous melanoma still constitutes the main cause of skin cancer death in developed world. Clinical behavior variability of this neoplasia has been only partially explained by clinical and histological aspects, and identification of biological variables can be important for determining specific risk groups. Sixty nine (69) patients with mild to severe primary cutaneous melanoma treated in 1990-2007 were studied aiming at (a) verifying clinical epidemiological aspects, (b) generating a Tissue microarray (TMA) for characterizing proteins expression of cutaneous melanoma > 1.0 mm, (c) analyzing the immunohistochemical expression of the apoptosis proteins Bcl2, Bax, Bak, Apaf-1, Caspase 3, Caspase 9, Caspase 8, FasL e Fas in 10 control nevi and in primary melanomas with thickness < 1mm and > 1mm, (d) and correlating these proteins expression with the disease prognosis. Results have ratified known epidemiological date on gender, age and lesion localization as well as the correlation between the disease prognosis and the Breslow's indexes. Analysis of the composite scores relating to apoptosis proteins has revealed that their immunohistochemical profile seems to be not significant for determining the disease prognosis, since no differences in proteins expression were found when compared patients with and without disease dissemination. Alterations in proteins expression suggesting their role in the genesis as well as in the prognosis of primary melanoma were not evidenced. Immunohistochemical profile with pro-apoptosis trend seems to indicate other factor as responsible for the neoplasia growth and dissemination
 
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Morisanger.pdf (24.48 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2009-04-28
 
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