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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2009.tde-22032010-181455
Document
Author
Full name
Luciano Jannuzzi Carneiro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Dallan, Luis Alberto Oliveira (President)
Gandra, Sylvio Matheus de Aquino
Gomes, Walter José
Rivetti, Luis Antônio
Stolf, Noedir Antonio Groppo
Title in Portuguese
Análise do grau de lesão obstrutiva coronária e sua correspondente parede miocárdica como fatores preditivos de perviedade e remodelamento da artéria radial na revascularização do miocárdio
Keywords in Portuguese
Anastomose radial- coronária
Artéria radial
Cineangiografia
Revascularização miocárdica
Abstract in Portuguese
A artéria radial (AR) constitui valiosa opção de enxerto na revascularização do miocárdio (RM), desde a retomada de seu uso, nos anos 1990. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar perviedade e remodelamento dos enxertos de AR e sua relação com lesão obstrutiva pré-operatória e parede miocárdica revascularizada, observando-se também os enxertos de artéria torácica interna (ATI). CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODO: Entre 1994 e 2007, 3.964 pacientes foram operados com uso da AR, no InCor/HCFMUSP. Foram selecionados os reestudos angiográficos (12 meses) de 100 pacientes, sendo 11 deles reestudados em duas épocas diferentes. Em 92 pacientes foi utilizada a ATI. Foram determinados os diâmetros médios de AR e ATI, através do software CASS-II®. RESULTADOS: O tempo médio de reestudo foi de 70,53 ±33,18 meses. Em 82 casos (82,0%), a AR revascularizou uma única coronária, mais freqüentemente (50,83%) os ramos marginal esquerdo (ME) ou ventricular posterior (VP/CX). As obstruções pré-operatórias entre 90 e 99% foram as mais prevalentes (39,0%). A perviedade observada foi de 80 casos para AR (80,0%) e 80 para ATIE (86,96%). Houve correlação entre as maiores obstruções pré-operatórias e maior perviedade da AR (p=0,024). Os diâmetros médios dos enxertos foram de 2,302mm ±0,479 (AR) e 2,262mm ±0,409 (ATI). Observaram-se AR maiores do que a média (>2,30mm) nas obstruções pré-operatórias de 100%, em comparação com as demais (p=0,017). As AR que revascularizaram a parede lateral apresentaram os maiores diâmetros, em comparação às demais (p=0,04). Nos 11 pacientes com 2 reestudos, os diâmetros médios das AR foram de: 2,482mm ±0,424 (primeiro reestudo) e 2,599mm ±0,532 (segundo reestudo)(p=n/s). Para as ATIE, observaram-se: 2,308mm ±0,459 (primeiro reestudo) e 2,326mm ±0,531 (segundo reestudo) (p=n/s). No segundo reestudo, observou-se maior número de AR com diâmetros maiores, relacionados às obstruções entre 90-100% (p=0,013). A parede miocárdica revascularizada não interferiu nos diâmetros dos enxertos. CONCLUSÕES: A obstrução pré-operatória interfere na perviedade e nos diâmetros dos enxertos de AR, especialmente nas obstruções de 90% ou mais. A parede miocárdica revascularizada não interfere na perviedade da AR, porém interfere nos diâmetros dos enxertos. Foi observado remodelamento dos enxertos de AR, estando as obstruções mais graves relacionadas aos maiores aumentos de diâmetros dos enxertos comportamento semelhante às ATI.
Title in English
Analysis of coronary obstruction and irrigated myocardial wall as predictive factors for patency and remodeling of radial artery grafts in coronary artery bypass surgery
Keywords in English
Coronary angiography
Coronary artery bypass grafting
Radial artery
Radial to coronary anastomosis
Remodeling
Abstract in English
The radial artery (RA) is an invaluable option for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), since its re-introduction in the late 1990 s.The objective of this study was to assess patency and remodeling of RA grafts regarding the interference of pre-operative coronary obstruction and grafted myocardial wall, also observing the internal thoracic artery grafts (ITA). METHODS: Between 1994 and 2007, 3,964 patients were operated with RA grafts, at Heart Institute, University of São Paulo, Brazil. Post-operative coronary angiographies (12 months)of 100 patients were obtained, including 11 patients with two post-op exams, at different periods. In 92 patients the ITA was also used.The grafts medium diameters were obtained using the CASS-II® software. RESULTS: Mean time of post-op angiography was 70,53 ±33,18 months. In 82 cases (82,0%) the RA grafted a single coronary, more frequently (50,83%) the left marginal (LM) or posterior ventricular (PV) branches. Pre-op obstructions between 90 and 99% were more prevalent (39,0%). Patency was of 80 cases for the RA (80,0%) and 80 cases for the ATI grafts (86,96%). There was a correlation between more severe pre-op obstructions and greater patency of the RA grafts (p=0,024). The mean diameters were 2,302mm ±0,479 (RA) and 2,262mm ±0,409 (ITA). RA diameters were above the mean value (>2,30mm) in pre-op obstructions of 100%, compared to the rest (p=0,017). The RA grafting the lateral wall showed the larger diameters, compared to the rest (p=0,04). For the 11 patients with 2 post-op angiographies, mean diameters of RA grafts were: 2,482mm ±0,424 (first) and 2,599mm ±0,532 (second)(p=n/s). For ITA grafts, mean diameters were: 2,308mm ±0,459 (first) and 2,326mm ±0,531 (second)(p=n/s). For the second angiographies, RA grafts exhibited larger diameters, related to pre-op obstructions between 90 and 100% (p=0,013). The grafted myocardial wall showed no interference with graft diameter. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-op coronary obstruction interferes in patency and diameters of RA grafts, more evidently for obstructions of 90% or greater. The grafted myocardial wall does not interfere with RA patency, although it does interfere with graft diameter. Remodeling was observed in RA grafts, correlating greater pre-op coronary obstructions and more evident increase in graft diameter similarly to the ITA grafts.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-03-25
 
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