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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2018.tde-08052018-122435
Document
Author
Full name
Marco Antonio Praça de Oliveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Lisboa, Luiz Augusto Ferreira (President)
Dallan, Luis Alberto Oliveira
Jatene, Fabio Biscegli
Mangione, José Armando
Title in Portuguese
Revascularização miocárdica híbrida versus cirúrgica em pacientes com doença aterosclerótica coronária multiarterial: estudo clínico prospectivo randomizado
Keywords in Portuguese
Aterosclerose
Cardiomiopatias
Doenças das coronárias
Intervenção coronária percutânea
Isquemia miocárdica
Revascularização miocárdica
Stents farmacológicos
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: O melhor tratamento para a doença arterial coronariana (DAC) em pacientes com doença multiarterial é ainda objeto de debate. A revascularização coronária híbrida (RMH) é um procedimento que combina as vantagens da cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica convencional (CRM) com a anastomose da artéria interventricular anterior esquerda (IVA) usando o enxerto da artéria torácica interna esquerda (ATIE), sem o uso de circulação extracorpórea (CEC), com benefícios do tratamento percutâneo, minimamente invasivo, das artérias coronárias acometidas restantes. Objetivo: Avaliar, em um estudo piloto, a viabilidade e a segurança da RMH em pacientes com doença multiarterial e comparar os resultados iniciais (30 dias) e em um ano após, com a CRM. Métodos: estudo clínico prospectivo com 50 pacientes, randomizados em relação 2: 1 para tratamento híbrido (grupo RMH, n = 34) ou CRM convencional (grupo CRM, n = 16). Todos os pacientes eram portadores doença coronária triarterial, com SYNTAX escore intermediário ou alto ( > 22). Neste estudo foi analisada a viabilidade da RMH na ausência de eventos adversos maiores (um composto de mortalidade geral, infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM), acidente vascular encefálico (AVE) e revascularização não planejada). Resultados: Entre agosto de 2014 e novembro de 2017, 50 pacientes foram incluídos no estudo (RMH = 34 e CRM = 16). O desfecho primário foi observado em 3 pacientes (6%), todos pertencentes ao grupo RMH (8,8%), porém sem significância estatística (p = 0,54). Não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos (RMH vs CRM) em termos de mortalidade (5,9% vs 0%), IAM (5,9% vs 0%) ou qualquer dos desfechos secundários avaliados. Os pacientes que apresentaram alguma das complicações (4 pacientes 8,0%) tiveram uma tendência de ser mais velhos (62 vs 59 anos; p = NS), maior incidência de angina instável (5,9% vs 0%) e apresentar pontuações de risco cirúrgico mais elevadas (EuroSCORE 1,40 vs 0,70; p = 0,19) do que os pacientes sem complicações. Conclusões: O RMH é uma técnica viável e segura quando comparada à cirurgia convencional, com taxas de complicações semelhantes. No entanto, devido ao baixo número de pacientes incluídos faz-se necessária a realização de um estudo multicêntrico para obtermos uma melhor evidência clínica
Title in English
Hybrid myocardial revascularization versus CABG in patients with atherosclerotic coronary artery disease: randomized clinical study
Keywords in English
Atherosclerosis
Cardiomyopathies
Drugeluting stents
Myocardial ischemia
Myocardial revascularization
Percutaneouns coronary intervention, Coronary diseases
Abstract in English
Background: The best treatment for coronary artery disease in patients with multivessel disease is still subject of debate. The hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) is a procedure that combines both the advantages of conventional coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) with the revascularization of the left anterior descending artery using the left internal mammary artery graft, without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass, with minimally invasive benefits of percutaneous treatment of remaining affect arteries. Objective: To assess, in a pilot study, feasibility and safety of hybrid coronary revascularization on patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and to compare early results (within 30 days) and one year of this approach to conventional surgery. Methods: Prospective clinical study, which included 50 patients, randomized in a 2:1 ratio for hybrid treatment (HCR group, n=34) or conventional CABG (CABG group, n=16). All patients had three-vessel disease, with an intermediate or high Syntax Score ( > 22). The primary endpoint of the study was the feasibility of HCR in the absence of major adverse events (a compound of overall mortality, acute myocardial infarction, stroke or unplanned revascularization). Results: Between August 2014 and November 2017, 50 patients were included in the study (HCR=34 and CABG =16). The primary endpoint was observed in 3 patients (6.0%), all belonging to HCR group (8.8%), however, without statistical significance (p=0.54). There was no statistical difference between the groups (HCR vs. CABG, respectively) in terms of mortality (5.9% vs 0%), myocardial infarction (5.9% vs 0%), or any of the secondary outcomes evaluated. Patients who presented any of the complications (4 patients 8.0%) had a tendency to be older (62 vs 59 years; p=NS), have more unstable angina (5.9% vs 0%) and to presented higher risk scores (EuroSCORE 1.40 vs 0.70; p=0.19) than patients without complications. Conclusions: HCR is a feasible and safe technique when compared to conventional surgery, with similar complications rates. However, the study is underpowered due to the low number of patients included and there is a need for a multicenter clinical trial
 
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Publishing Date
2018-05-08
 
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