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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/T.5.2010.tde-22092010-122537
Document
Author
Full name
Yuri Nagamine Urata
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Folgueira, Maria Aparecida Azevedo Koike (President)
Brentani, Maria Mitzi
Carraro, Dirce Maria
Moreno, Fernando Salvador
Nogueira, Célia Regina
Title in Portuguese
Expressão gênica diferencial do câncer de mama de pacientes pós-menopausadas responsivas e não-responsivas ao efeito antiproliferativo da vitamina D
Keywords in Portuguese
Análise de sequência com séries de oligonucleotídeos
Calcitriol
Neoplasias da mama
Vitamina D
Abstract in Portuguese
Baixos níveis séricos de 25(OH)D3 e 1,25(OH)2D3 (calcitriol) podem estar associados à incidência e prognóstico do câncer de mama. Além disso, vários estudos indicam que a vitamina D tenha um efeito antiproliferativo em linhagens celulares de câncer de mama expostas a concentrações supra-fisiológicas de calcitriol (1,25(OH)2D3, 100nM). A suplementação com vitamina D é indicada a mulheres pós-menopausadas para prevenção de osteoporose e observamos previamente que a suplementação de calcitirol a pacientes pós-menopausadas com câncer de mama causa redução do índice proliferativo tumoral. Entretanto, não há estudos até o momento que avaliam o efeito da vitamina D na expressão gênica global in vivo. Incluímos 31 pacientes pós-menopausadas com câncer de mama. Estas pacientes realizaram suplementação com calcitriol (0,5g/dia, dose indicada para prevenção de osteoporose) por um curto período de tempo (mediana de 32 dias). A amostra tumoral foi coletada por ocasião da biópsia (présuplementação) e da ressecção tumoral (pós-suplementação). Os perfis de expressão gênica de 16 pacientes foram analisados a partir de 100ng de RNA total no gene chip U133 Plus 2.0 Affymetrix. Observamos redução na expressão de Ki-67 após a suplementação. Dentre os genes diferencialmente expressos encontram-se EGR1, FOS, DUSP1, MMP12 e RGS1, os quais foram mais expressos em amostras pós-suplementadas. Genes modulados pela vitamina D estão associados à resposta inflamatória e à membrana. Nossos resultados indicam que a suplementação com vitamina D reduz o índice de proliferação tumoral, sendo a mesma envolvida em vias importantes na regulação da resposta inflamatória
Title in English
Breast cancer gene expression profile in post-menopausal patients responsive or non-responsive to the antiproliferative effect of vitamin D
Keywords in English
Breast neoplasms
Calcitriol
Oligonucleotide array sequence analysis
Vitamin D
Abstract in English
Low 25(OH)2D3 or 1,25(OH)2D3 serum levels may be associated with breast cancer incidence and prognosis. Additionally, the antiproliferative effects of vitamin D are observed in breast cancer cell lines exposed to phamacological doses of calcitriol (1,25(OH)2D3, 100nM). Vitamin D supplementation is indicated for post-menopausal women to prevent osteoporosis and a previous study from our group observed a reduced tumor proliferative index after calcitriol supplementation on post menopausal breast cancer patients. However, there is no study that verifies the effect of vitamin D on gene expression profile in vivo so far. Thirty one post menopausal breast cancer patients were included on our analysis. They were supplemented with calcitriol after tumor biopsy (0.50g/day, indicated dose for osteoporosis prevention) for a short period of time (median 32 days). Tumor samples were collected during biopsy (before supplementation) and breast surgery (after supplementation). Gene expression profile of 16 patients was analyzed using the U133 Plus 2.0 Affymetrix Gene Chips from 100ng of total RNA. After supplementation, a reduced expression of Ki-67 was observed. Among the differentially expressed genes, EGR1, FOS, DUSP1, MMP12 and RGS1 were upregulated after calcitriol supplementation. Differentially expressed genes were involved in inflammatory response or were associated with the membrane. Our results indicate that calcitriol supplementation diminish tumor proliferation index regulating inflammatory pathways .
 
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YuriUrata2010.pdf (8.00 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2010-09-23
 
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