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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2017.tde-07082017-081956
Document
Author
Full name
Rafael Miranda Sousa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Monteiro, Mario Luiz Ribeiro (President)
Cohen, Ralph
Ejzenbaum, Fabio
Hokazono, Kenzo
Zacharias, Leandro Cabral
Title in Portuguese
Potencial evocado visual multifocal em olhos com hemianopsia temporal por compressão quiasmática. Correlação com a perimetria computadorizada e a tomografia de coerência óptica
Keywords in Portuguese
Atrofia óptica/diagnóstico
Fibras nervosas/patologia
Potenciais evocados visuais
Quiasma óptico/patologia
Testes de campo visual/métodos
Tomografia de coerência óptica/métodos
Abstract in Portuguese
OBJETIVO: Avaliar a capacidade do potencial visual evocado multifocal (PEV-mf) em diferenciar pacientes portadores de hemianopsia temporal de controles normais e avaliar a correlação entre o PEV-mf, o campo visual (CV) realizado com a perimetria automatizada e a tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio fourier (TCO-dF). MÉTODOS: Vinte sete olhos de 21 pacientes com defeito de campo visual temporal secundário a compressão quiasmática e 43 olhos de 23 controles normais foram submetidos aos exames PEV-mf, CV e TCO-dF (3D OCT-1000®, Topcon) da mácula e da camada de fibras nervosas da retina (CFNR). Foi calculada a média das respostas do PEV-mf global, do PEV-mf central e a média de espessura do TCO-dF da mácula para cada quadrante e para cada hemicampo, enquanto a espessura da CFNR foi dividida em 12 setores ao redor do nervo óptico. A perda de CV foi calculada para os quatro quadrantes e para os hemicampos temporal e nasal no CV 24-2 e CV 10-2. Os dois grupos foram comparados utilizando equações de estimativas generalizadas (GEE) e as correlações entre o PEV-mf, CV e o TCO-dF foram calculadas. RESULTADOS: As médias das amplitude P1 e N2 do PEV-mf global e central para os hemicampos e os quadrantes temporais foram significativamente menores nos pacientes que nos controles (p < 0.004). Não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos para os parâmetros de amplitudes do PEV-mf nos setores nasais. Não houve diferença estatística nas médias das latências do PEV-mf global e central entre os pacientes e os controles normais. Foi encontrada correlação moderada, estatisticamente significativa, entre os parâmetros de amplitudes temporais do PEV-mf - global e central com a perda de CV 24-2 e 10-2 temporal, assim como com as medidas de espessura macular e da espessura CFNR na TCO-dF. CONCLUSÕES: As médias das amplitudes do PEV-mf foram capazes de diferenciar olhos de pacientes com hemianopsia dos controles normais e apresentaram correlação significativa com os dados obtidos pela perimetria automatizada e pelo TCO-dF. Estes dados sugerem que o PEV-mf global e central podem ser utilizados na detecção de anormalidades do campo visual em pacientes portadores de compressão quiasmática
Title in English
Multifocal visual evoked potential in eyes with temporal hemianopia from chiasmal compression. Correlation with standard automated perimetry and OCT findings
Keywords in English
Evoked potentials visual
Nerve fibers/pathology
Optic atrophy/diagnosis
Optic chiasm/pathology
Tomography optical coherence/methods
Visual field tests/methods
Abstract in English
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of multifocal visual evoked potential (mfVEP) to differentiate patients with temporal hemianopia due to chiasmal compression from normal controls. To assess the relationship between mfVEP, standard automated perimetry (SAP) and fourier domain-optical coherence tomography (fd-OCT). METHODS: Twenty-seven eyes of 21 patients with permanent temporal visual field (VF) defects from chiasmal compression and 43 eyes of 23 healthy controls underwent mfVEP, SAP and fd-OCT (3D OCT-1000®, Topcon) macular and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) measurements. It was averaged the responses for global mfVEP, central mfVEP and fd-OCT macular measurements were averaged in quadrants and halves, while peripapillary RNFL thickness was averaged in 12 sectors around the disc. VF loss was estimated in four quadrants and each half of 24-2 and 10-2 strategy test points. The two groups were compared using generalized estimated equations (GEE). Correlations between mfVEP, VF and fd-OCT findings were verified. RESULTS: Global and central mfVEP P1 and N2 amplitude parameters of temporal measurements were significantly smaller in patients than controls (p < 0.004). No significant differences were observed between the groups with respect to mfVEP amplitude parameters from the nasal measurements. No significant differences were observed in global and central mfVEP latency parameters for all averaged measurements between patients and healthy controls. A significant moderate correlation was found between global and central mfVEP amplitude parameters of temporal measurements and temporal VF 24-2 and 10-2 loss as well as with corresponding fd-OCT macular and RNFL thickness measurements. CONCLUSIONS: mfVEP amplitude parameters were able to differentiate eyes with temporal hemianopia from controls and were significant correlated with VF and fd-OCT findings. These data suggest that it is a useful technology for detecting visual abnormalities in patients with chiasmal compression
 
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Publishing Date
2017-08-07
 
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