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Master's Dissertation
Full name
Daniella Guimarães Batista
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2007
Jorgetti, Vanda (President)
Carvalho, Aluizio Barbosa de
David Neto, Elias
Title in Portuguese
Reposição elevada de paratormônio ameniza o efeito osteopênico do fósforo no tecido ósseo
Keywords in Portuguese
Hormônio paratireóideo
Osteopatias metabólicas
Ratos Wistar
Remodelação óssea
Abstract in Portuguese
As doenças renais crônicas (DRC) evoluem com distúrbios na homeostase do cálcio e do fósforo, diminuição na produção de vitamina D e aumento na secreção de PTH. Osteodistrofia renal (OR) é o termo usado para definir as alterações ósseas dos pacientes com DRC e classifica-se em doença de alta remodelação representada pela osteíte fibrosa (OF) e doença mista (DM); e de baixa remodelação representada pela osteomalácia (OM) e pela doença adinâmica (DOA). Pacientes com DRC apresentam elevada incidência de fraturas e recentemente demonstrou-se que a hiperfosfatemia leva a diminuição do volume ósseo. Estudamos o efeito isolado do fósforo no tecido ósseo de animais com insuficiência renal mantidos com infusão fixa de PTH variando o conteúdo de fósforo na dieta. Cinqüenta e cinco ratos Wistar foram submetidos à paratireoidectomia (PTX) e nefrectomia (Nx) com reposição de PTH em diferentes concentrações ou foram sham operados e recebiam infusão de veículo. Todos os animais receberam a mesma dieta variando apenas a concentração de P (pobre em P (pP): 0,2% e rico em P (rP):1,2%). Dividimos os grupos em: Sham (N=8); Sham-pP (N=8); Sham-rP (N=7); NxPTHn-pP (N=8); NxPTHn-rP (N=8); NxPTHe-pP (N=9); NxPTHe-rP (N=7). Após 2 meses, realizamos análises bioquímicas e histomorfometria do fêmur proximal. Os animais que ingeriram dieta rica em fósforo apresentaram hiperfosfatemia assim como menor valor de cálcio sérico. A reposição de PTH foi efetiva e proporcional às concentrações infundidas. A histomorfometria óssea mostrou que os ratos que ingeriram dieta rica em fósforo independente da uremia tinham diminuição do volume ósseo (BV/TV), e que este efeito foi amenizado pela reposição do PTH em concentrações elevadas. Nossos resultados demonstram que o fósforo é deletério para o tecido ósseo e que na uremia são necessários níveis mais elevados de PTH para manter a integridade óssea.
Title in English
High doses of parathormone reduce phosphorus osteopenic : effects on bone tissue
Keywords in English
Bone diseases metabolic
Bone remodeling
Parathyroid hormone
Rats Wistar
Abstract in English
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) involves disturbances in calcium and phosphorus metabolism, reduced vitamin D production and increased parathormone (PTH) secretion. Renal osteodistrophy (RO) is a term used to define bone disease complications of patients with CKD, and is classified in high turnover disease represented by osteitis fibrosa (OF) and mixed bone disease; and low turnover disease represented by osteomalacia (OM) and adynamic bone disease (ABD). It is already known that patients with CKD have high incidence of bone fractures, and it has been demonstrated that hyperphosphatemia results in to decreased trabecular bone volume (BV/TV). We evaluated the effect of phosphorus (P) in rats? bone tissue submitted to experimental uremia that received continuous infusion of 1-34 rat PTH in physiologic or five times the normal values. Fifty five Wistar rats were submitted to parathyroidectomy (PTX), nephrectomy (Nx) and received PTH in different concentrations or some were PTX and NX controls (Sham) that received only vehicle. Rats received identical diets, excepted for the P content which was different according to the group [Low P (LP): 0,2% and high P (HP): 1,2%]. Groups were divided as follow: Sham (N=8), Sham LP (N=8), Sham-HP (N=7), NxPTHn-LP (N=8), NxPTHn-HP (N=8), NxPTHh-LP (N=9), NxPTHh-HP (N=7). After two months, animals were sacrificed and biochemical and bone histomorphometry were performed. Rats who received high P diet developed hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemia. PTH replacement was effective and in accordance with infusion concentration. Bone histomorphometric analysis showed that HP rats presented low trabecular bone volume (BV/TV) independently of the uremia. BV/TV decreased slightly in the group where PTH continuous infusion was five times the physiologic values. Our results demonstrated that P has a deleterious action on bone tissue and in uremia it is necessary high levels of PTH to maintain bone integrity.
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