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Doctoral Thesis
Full name
Ariana Campos Yang
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2009
Castro, Fabio Fernandes Morato (President)
Galvão, Clóvis Eduardo Santos
Jacob, Cristina Miuki Abe
Medeiros, Carlos Roberto de
Solé, Dirceu
Title in Portuguese
Efeito da imunoterapia com Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus na resposta clínica e imunológica ao camarão
Keywords in Portuguese
Alergia a camarão
Alergia alimentar
Reatividade cruzada
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar alterações na resposta clínica e imunológica ao camarão após a imunoterapia com Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Métodos: Selecionou-se 35 indivíduos alérgicos a Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p), os quais foram submetidos a testes cutâneos de leitura imediata para ácaros, baratas, camarão, tropomiosina recombinante, além de cão, gato e fungos. A detecção de IgE espcífica in vitro foi feita para o ácaro, camarão, barata americana e para suas tropomiosinas. Em todos, avaliou-se reatividade clínica ao camarão através de provocação oral. Dez pacientes foram alocados para o grupo controle, e 25 foram submetidos à imunoterapia alérgeno específica para o ácaro. Os testes cutâneos e a dosagem de IgE sérica específica foram repetidas após a indução da imunoterapia, e após 1 ano do início. A reatividade clínica ao camarão foi reavaliada no final do estudo pela provocação oral. Resultados: No grupo dos pacientes que foram submetidos à imunoterapia, observamos diminuição na reatividade nos testes cutâneos e dosagem de IgE específica para Der p, camarão e tropomiosina recombinante. Dos 10 pacientes com testes cutâneos positivos para camarão, 4 foram negativos na dosagem após um ano de imunoterapia (p= 0,04). Quanto à dosagem sérica de IgE para camarão, dos 9 positivos no início, 6 ficaram negativos (p= 0,014). Nenhum paciente submetido a imunoterapia desenvolveu nova sensibilização para camarão. Não houve alteração na reatividade clínica ao camarão após imunoterapia. Conclusão: A imunoterapia para Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus foi acompanhada de diminuição da reatividade imunológica para camarão e clinicamente não houve alteração da sensibilidade a camarão
Title in English
Effect of immunotherapy with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus in the clinical and immunological response to shrimp
Keywords in English
Food allergy
Shrimp allergy
Abstract in English
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine changes in clinical and immunological response to shrimp after immunotherapy with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Methods: We studied 35 allergic subjects to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p), submitted to skin tests to mites, cockroach, shrimp, recombinant tropomyosin, and dog, cat and fungi. The detection of serum specific IgE was performed to mite, shrimp, and tropomyosin from American cockroach. In all patients, the clinical reactivity to shrimp was assessed through oral challenge. Ten patients were allocated to the control group, and 25 were submitted to immunotherapy for mite. Skin tests and determination of serum specific IgE were repeated after the induction of immunotherapy (3-4 months) and 1 year after of beginning of the treatment. The clinical reactivity to shrimp was assessed again at the end of the study by oral challenge. Results: In the group of patients who were undergoing immunotherapy, we observed decreased reactivity in the skin tests and specific IgE levels to Der p, shrimp and recombinant tropomyosin. Among the 10 patients with positive skin tests to shrimp, 4 were negative when assessed after one year of immunotherapy (p = 0.04). About serum specific IgE to shrimp, from the 9 positive reactors in the beginning of treatment, 6 became negative (p= 0.014). There was no change in clinical reactivity to shrimp after immunotherapy. Conclusion: The immunotherapy for Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus was accompanied by decreased immune reactivity to shrimp and clinically there was no change in sensitivity to shrimp
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