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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2008.tde-25062008-114801
Document
Author
Full name
Kátia Akemi Miyazato Kuruma
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Bonfa, Eloisa Silva Dutra de Oliveira (President)
Goncalves, Celio Roberto
Pasoto, Sandra Gofinet
Pereira, Rosa Maria Rodrigues
Sartori, Ana Marli Christovam
Title in Portuguese
Segurança e eficácia da vacina contra hepatite B no lúpus eritematoso sistêmico
Keywords in Portuguese
Eficácia
Hepatite B
Lúpus eritematoso sistêmico
Segurança
Vacinas
Abstract in Portuguese
A vacina contra hepatite B tem sido implicada como um desencadeador de doenças auto-imunes, mas ainda não existem estudos prospectivos no lúpus. Assim, avaliamos prospectivamente a segurança e eficácia da imunização com a vacina recombinante contra hepatite B (Euvax B® - LG) em pacientes com diagnóstico de lúpus. Foram selecionadas 28 pacientes com a doença inativa (SLEDAI<4), com idade entre 18 e 50 anos e sorologia negativa para o vírus da hepatite B (VHB). Os critérios de exclusão foram o uso de prednisona >=20 mg/dia e drogas imunossupressoras, anti-dsDNA e anticardiolipina negativos. Os dados clínicos e laboratoriais foram coletados na entrada do estudo e um mês após cada dose da vacina. Além disso, obtivemos dados do ano anterior usando o prontuário eletrônico padronizado. A média de idade foi de 34 ± 7,7 anos e a média da duração da doença foi de 10,4 ± 6,7 anos. Soroconversão adequada foi atingida no final do estudo (93%), embora tenhamos observado uma baixa freqüência após a primeira dose (4%) e após a segunda dose (54%). Nenhuma alteração significativa na média de SLEDAI foi detectada após cada dose durante o estudo (0,14 ± 0,52 vs. 0 vs. 0,61 ± 1,66 vs. 0,36 ± 1,34, p=0,11). Reforçando estes achados, os 11% de atividade de doença durante o período de vacinação foi semelhante aos 21% observados no ano anterior (p=0,46). Além disso, a média da dose de prednisona na entrada foi comparável à dose do final do estudo (2,86 ± 3,06 vs. 4,64 ± 8,25 mg/d, p=0,32). A freqüência do uso de terapia imunossupressora no período da vacinação (11%) foi semelhante aos 14% observados no ano anterior (p=0,66). A vacinação contra hepatite B apresentou uma resposta de anticorpos protetores adequada e foi segura nos pacientes com lúpus inativo.
Title in English
Safety and efficacy of hepatitis B vaccine in systemic lupus erythematosus
Keywords in English
Efficacy
Hepatitis B
Safety
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Vaccines
Abstract in English
Hepatitis B vaccination has been implicated as a potential trigger for autoimmune diseases but there are no prospective studies in lupus. We therefore assessed prospectively the safety and efficacy of immunization with recombinant DNA hepatitis B vaccine (Euvax B® - LG) in SLE patients. Twenty-eight consecutive inactive SLE patients (SLEDAI<4), age between 18-50 years and negative serology for hepatitis B virus (HBV) were selected. Exclusion criteria were prednisone > 20mg/day and immunosuppressive drugs. Clinical and laboratorial assessments were obtained at study entry and one month after the three doses. In addition, a previous one year evaluation was performed using a standard electronic protocol. The mean age was 34 ± 7.7 years and disease duration was 10.4 ± 6.7 years. An adequate seroconversion was achieved at the end of the study (93%), although a lower frequency after the first (4%) and second dose (54%) was observed. No significant change in mean SLEDAI score was detected after each dose throughout the study (0.14 ± 0.52 vs. 0 vs. 0.61 ± 1.66 vs. 0.36 ± 1.34, p=0.11). Reinforcing these findings, the 11% flares during vaccination was similar to the 21% observed in the previous year (p=0.46). Furthermore, the mean prednisone dose at study entry was comparable to the end of the study (2.86 ± 3.06 vs. 4.64 ± 8.25 mg/d, p=0.32). In addition, the frequency of immunosuppressive therapy during the vaccination period (11%) was alike to the 14% observed in the previous year before entry (p=0.66). Hepatitis B vaccination was safe in inactive SLE patients with an adequate vaccine response rate.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-06-27
 
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