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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2007.tde-20022009-150113
Document
Author
Full name
Mailze Campos Bezerra
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Yoshinari, Natalino Hajime (President)
Borba Neto, Eduardo Ferreira
Borges, Claudia Tereza Lobato
Ciconelli, Rozana Mesquita
Fernandes, Sandra Regina Muchinechi
Title in Portuguese
Remodelamento da pele semelhante à esclerodermia induzido pelo colágeno tipo V
Keywords in Portuguese
Colágeno tipo V
Esclerodermia
Esclerose sistêmica
Fibrilogênese
Modelo experimental
Remodelamento da matriz extracelular
Abstract in Portuguese
Recentemente, descobrimos que coelhos, Nova Zelândia, imunizados com colágeno tipo V humano mais adjuvante de Freund apresentavam fibrose e vasculite de órgãos normalmente afetados na esclerose sistêmica. Deste modo, nós estudamos o processo de fibrilogênese para identificar possíveis fatores envolvidos na alteração do remodelamento observado neste modelo de esclerodermia. Adicionalmente, fizemos uma comparação preliminar com pele humana obtida de pacientes com esclerodermia (n=3). Coelhos fêmeas, Nova Zelândia (n=14), foram imunizados subcutaneamente com duas doses de 1mg de colágeno V mais adjuvante completo de Freund, com intervalo de 30 dias, seguido de duas imunizações em adjuvante incompleto de Freund, via intramuscular, com intervalo de 15 dias. Os animais do grupo controle (n- 14) foram inoculados somente com adjuvante completo e incompleto de Freund, nas mesmas condições dos imunizados. Foram realizadas análises histológicas das peles dos animais e pacientes através da coloração com tricrômico de Masson e imunofluorescêcia, a fim de detectar fibras de colágeno e interação dos colágenos I, III e V. A análise da pele dos animais demonstrou depósito precoce de fibras de colágeno na derme após 7 dias da sensibilização, com aumento destes depósitos após 75 e 120 dias respectivamente. Depósito de colágeno na pele e atrofia de anexos foram mais intensos nos animais sacrificados em 120 dias e se correlacionaram com a quantidade aumentada de colágeno. Surpreendentemente, o colágeno V foi expresso em animais e pacientes, formando fibras densas e atípicas na derme. Sugerimos que esta expressão anômala de colágeno V, morfologicamente diferente, possa justificar o remodelamento observado na placa esclerodérmica
Title in English
Scleroderma-like remodeling induced by type V collagen
Keywords in English
Experimental model
Extracellular matrix remodeling
Fibrillogenesis
Scleroderma
Systemic sclerosis
Type V collagen
Abstract in English
Recently, we discovered that New Zealand rabbits immunized with human type V collagen plus Freund`s adjuvant presented fibrosis and vasculitis of organs usually affected in systemic sclerosis. In this way, we studied the fibrillogenesis process regarding to identify any possible factor involved in altered remodeling observed in this scleroderma-like model. Additionally, we done a very preliminary comparison with human skins obtained from scleroderma patients (N=3). Female New Zealand rabbits (N=14) were immunized subcutaneously with two doses of 1mg collagen V plus complete Freunds adjuvant at a 30 days interval, followed by two additional intramuscular booster immunizations in incomplete Freunds adjuvant at a 15-day interval. Animals from control group (N=14), were only inoculated with complete and incomplete Freunds adjuvant given at same conditions of collagen type V group. Histological analysis of skins from animals and patients were done by Massons trichrome staining, and immunofluorescence method used to detect collagen fibers and interactions of types I, III and V collagen in the remodeling process. The analysis of animal skins showed precocious collagen fibril deposits in the dermis after 7 days of immunization and increase of this process in 75 and 120 days. Skin collagen deposit and atrophy of annexes were progressively more intense in late sacrificed animals and correlated with increased amount of collagen deposition. Surprisingly, type V collagen was over expressed both in animals and patients, forming dense and atypical collagen fibers in the dermis. We suggest that this anomalous expression of morphologically different type V collagen could justify the remodeling observed in scleroderma plaque
 
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Publishing Date
2009-03-18
 
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