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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2009.tde-16062009-164313
Document
Author
Full name
Giovana Gomes Ribeiro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Bonfa, Eloisa Silva Dutra de Oliveira (President)
Costallat, Lilian Tereza Lavras
Louzada Júnior, Paulo
Sato, Emilia Inoue
Silva, Clovis Artur Almeida da
Title in Portuguese
Calcificação prematura de artérias coronárias no lúpus eritematoso sistêmico: associação com duração de doença e densidade mineral óssea
Keywords in Portuguese
Aterosclerose
Calcificação de artérias coronárias
Densidade mineral óssea
Fatores de risco
Lúpus eritematoso sistêmico
Tomografia computadorizada de multidetectores
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivo: Avaliar a relevância de fatores de risco tradicionais para doença cardiovascular (FRC), fatores relacionados ao lúpus e densidade mineral óssea (DMO) na calcificação prematura de artérias coronárias (CAC) em mulheres jovens com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES). Métodos: Noventa e quatro pacientes lúpicas do sexo feminino com duração de doença 5 anos e idade menor que 45 anos foram selecionadas consecutivamente para este estudo. Os fatores de risco cardiovascular analisados foram: diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial sistêmica, dislipoproteinemia, fumo, índice de massa corpórea (IMC), insuficiência ovariana e renal. Fatores de risco relacionados ao LES estudados foram: duração de doença, critérios ACR, SLICC/ACR modificado (excluindo escores relacionados à aterosclerose), SLEDAI, tratamento com glicocorticóide e ciclofosfamida. A densidade mineral óssea de corpo inteiro, coluna lombar e colo do fêmur foram realizadas por densitometria de dupla emissão de fontes de raios-X (DXA). Calcificação de artérias coronárias foi determinada usando tomografia computadorizada com 16 multidetectores. Resultados: Calcificação prematura de artérias coronárias foi identificada em 12 (12,7%) dos pacientes, havendo associação com maior freqüência de pacientes com FRC (p=0,008), maior número de FCR (p=0,003), idade (p=0,025), duração de doença (p=0,011) e SLICC (p=0,011). A análise individual dos FRC demonstrou que a presença de menopausa (p=0,036), dislipidemia (p=0,003) e hipertensão (p=0,006) foram significativamente associados com calcificação coronariana. Análise de regressão logística múltipla usando FRC, idade, duração de doença, SLICC e DMO de corpo inteiro revelou que apenas duração de doença (p=0,042) e DMO de corpo inteiro (p=0,023) permaneceram fatores significantes para calcificação coronariana. Conclusão: Identificamos que duração de doença e DMO reduzida são preditores independentes para calcificação coronariana prematura em mulheres jovens com LES, sugerindo um mecanismo subjacente comum
Title in English
Premature coronary artery calcification is associated with disease duration and bone mineral density in young female systemic lupus erythematosus
Keywords in English
Atherosclerosis
Bone mineral density
Coronary artery calcification
Multidetector computed tomography
Risk factors
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Abstract in English
Objective: To evaluate the relevance of traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CVR), disease-related risk factors and bone mineral density (BMD) for premature coronary artery calcification (CAC) in young female systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: Ninety-four female SLE patients 5 years disease duration and age <45 years were consecutively selected for this study. Cardiovascular risks (CVR) analyzed were: diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, dyslipoproteinemia, smoking, body mass index (BMI), ovarian and renal insufficiency. SLE-related risk factors evaluated were: disease duration, ACR criteria, modified SLICC/ACR (excluding atherosclerosis-related scores), SLEDAI, glucocorticoid and cyclophosphamide treatment. Bone mineral density (BMD) in whole body, lumbar spine and femoral neck was assessed by dual X ray absorptiometry (DXA). Coronary artery calcification was determined using the 16-slice multidetector computed tomography. Results: Premature coronary artery calcification was identified in 12 (12.7%) patients and was associated with a higher frequency of patients with CVR (p=0.008), a higher mean number of CVR (p=0.003), mean age (p= 0.025), mean disease duration (p=0.011) and mean SLICC (p=0.011). Individual analysis of CVR demonstrated that the presence of menopause (p= 0.036), dyslipidemia (p= 0.003) and hypertension (p=0.006) were significantly associated with coronary calcification. Additionally, premature calcification was associated with a lower whole body BMD (p=0.013). Multiple logistic regression analysis using CVR, age, disease duration, SLICC and whole body BMD revealed that only disease duration (p=0.042) and whole body BMD (p=0.023) remained significant factors for coronary calcification. Conclusion: We have identified that disease duration and decreased BMD are independent predictors for premature coronary calcification in young women with SLE, suggesting a common underlying mechanism
 
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Publishing Date
2009-07-03
 
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