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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2010.tde-31082010-161644
Document
Author
Full name
Ricardo dos Santos Simões
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Baracat, Edmund Chada (President)
Fonseca, Angela Maggio da
Rossi, Alexandre Guilherme Zabeu
Title in Portuguese
Perfil dos glicosaminoglicanos no útero de ratas ooforectomizadas e tratadas com estrogênios e/ou progestagênios
Keywords in Portuguese
Acetato de medroxiprogesterona
Estrogênios conjugados
Glicosaminoglicanos
Ratas
Útero
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos dos estrogênios conjugados eqüinos (ECE), isolados ou associados ao acetato de medroxiprogesterona (AMP) sobre os glicosaminoglicanos do colo e do corno do útero de ratas. Métodos: 40 ratas adultas, após 30 dias de ooforectomia foram distribuídas em quatro grupos: GI - controle (veículo); GII - ECE (50 g/Kg, por dia); GIII - AMP (0,2 mg/Kg, por dia) e GIV - ECE (50 g/Kg, por dia) + AMP (0,2 mg/Kg, por dia). As substâncias foram administradas por gavagem por 28 dias consecutivos, sendo que ao final, após anestesia, o colo e o corpo do útero foram retirados e mergulhados em acetona para detecção e quantificação dos glicosaminoglicanos. Os glicosaminoglicanos sulfatados foram submetidos a eletroforese em gel de agarose e o ácido hialurônico a ensaio fluorimétrico (ELISA-like). Os resultados foram analisados pelo teste de t de Student e de ANOVA, complementado pelo teste de Tukey-Kramer (p<=0,05). Resultados: Foi detectada, em todos os grupos, maior concentração de glicosaminoglicanos sulfatados tanto no colo como nos cornos uterinos, em especial do dermatam sulfato. Já a concentração de ácido hialurônico foi maior no corno do que no colo. Com relação ao dermatam sulfato, os estrogênios promoveram incremento, tanto no colo quanto no corpo, sendo que a medroxiprogesterona bloqueou esta ação nos cornos uterinos. Os estrogênios e a medroxiprogesterona, por sua vez, apresentaram ação positiva nos níveis de heparam sulfato no colo do útero, já no corno este efeito foi atribuído à medroxiprogesterona. Conclusões: O perfil e a quantificação dos glicosaminoglicanos nas duas porções do útero de ratas são diferentes. Os glicosaminoglicanos sulfatados, em especial o dermatam sulfato, mostrou-se em maior concentração tanto no colo quanto no corno uterino. Os estrogênios e a medroxiprogesterona têm ação positiva nos glicosaminoglicanos sulfatados do colo, enquanto a medroxiprogesterona apresenta efeito antagônico no corno. O ácido hialurônico apareceu em maior concentração no corno do que no colo uterino.
Title in English
Profiles of glycosaminoglycans in the uterus of adult ooforectomized rats treated with estrogen and/or progestagen
Keywords in English
Estrogens conjugated
Glycosaminoglycans
Medroxyprogesterone acetate
Rats
Uterus
Abstract in English
Objective: To evaluate the effects of conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) alone or associated to medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPg) on glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in the cervix and horns of the rat uterus. Methods: Thirty days after ovariectomy, 40 adult rats were randomly divided into four groups: GI, control (treated with drug vehicle); GII, CEE (50 ?g/Kg per day); GIII, MPg (0.2 mg/Kg per day), and GIV, CEE + MPg (doses as in GII and GIII). Drugs and vehicle were given by gavage during 28 days. After this the animals were euthanized, the uterine cervix and body were removed, fixed in acetone and further processed for GAGs quantification. Agarose gel electrophoresis was used for sulphated GAGs analyses; the hyaluronic acid was assayed with an ELISA-like method. Statistical analysis was done by the Student's t test and the Tukey-Kramer test. Significant differences were set at p<=0.05. Results: In all groups sulphated GAGs concentration (especially dermatan sulphate) was higher than that of nonsulphated GAGs, both in the cervix and in the uterine horns. Hyaluronic acid concentration in uterine horns was higher than in the cervix. With regard to dermatan sulphate, CEE exerted trophic effects both in horns and cervices, whereas MPg blocked this action in the uterine horn. The cervical concentration of heparan sulphate was rised by CEE and by MPg; in the uterine horns the same rise was observed, and this effect was attributed to MPg. Conclusions: The qualitative and quantitative profiles of GAGs in the horns and cervix of rat uterus are distinct. Sulphated GAGs (especially dermatan sulphate) are more concentrated than the non-sulphated ones in both uterine regions. With regard to sulphated GAGs, estrogens and medroxyprogesterone have trophic actions on sulphated GAGs at the cervix, whereas at the uterine horn MPg shows an antagonistic action. The concentration of hyaluronic acid in the uterine horns was higher than in the cervix.
 
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RicardodosSantosSimoes.pdf (1,014.24 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2010-08-31
 
WARNING: The material described below relates to works resulting from this thesis or dissertation. The contents of these works are the author's responsibility.
  • SIMõES, RS, et al. Glycosaminoglycan profiles in the uterus of adult ovariectomized rats treated with estrogen and progestagen. : Glycosaminoglycan in the uterus. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol [online], 2012, vol. 165, n. 2, p. 265-270. Trabalho oriundo da tese de mestrado. [acesso 2013-07-12]. Disponível em : <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22989729>
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