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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2009.tde-23032010-101729
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Lucia Rocha Beltrame de Mello
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Baracat, Edmund Chada (President)
Izzo, Carlos Roberto
Motta, Eduardo Leme Alves
Title in Portuguese
Efeitos da bromocriptina na prevenção da síndrome do hiperestímulo ovariano precoce em mulheres de alto risco submetidas a fertilização in vitro
Keywords in Portuguese
Bromocriptina
Fator de crescimento endotelial vascular
Fertilização in vitro
Síndrome de hiperestimulação ovariana
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivo: Avaliar o uso da bromocriptina na prevenção da síndrome do hiperestímulo ovariano (SHO) precoce moderada ou grave em mulheres de alto risco submetidas a fertilização in vitro. Pacientes e Métodos: Estudo duplo-cego, prospectivo e randomizado, foi realizado entre fevereiro de 2006 e novembro de 2007 no Centro de Reprodução Humana da Divisão de Ginecologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, na Huntington Centro de Medicina Reprodutiva e no Centro de Reprodução Humana do Hospital e Maternidade Santa Joana. Foram estudadas 28 mulheres entre 20 e 39 anos de alto risco para desenvolver a SHO (presença de 20 folículos ou mais ao ultrassom transvaginal no dia anterior à administração de gonadotrofina coriônica humana (hCG); níveis séricos de estradiol no dia da administração do hCG ou previamente a esta data iguais ou maiores que 3000 pg/ml e/ou aumento significativo ovariano bilateral). Foram divididas randomicamente, em dois grupos: A (n=17) e B (n=11), que receberam, respectivamente, um comprimido diário de ácido fólico (2,0 mg) e de bromocriptina (2,5 mg), por via oral, durante 14 dias, com início no dia da administração de hCG. As pacientes foram avaliadas no dia da administração do hCG (D1) e sete dias após (D2), quando foram realizados : ultrassom abdominal para verificar a presença de ascite; coleta de sangue para dosagens séricas de hemoglobina, hematócrito, leucócitos, plaquetas, uréia, creatinina, TGO, TGP e do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF), e coleta de urina de 24 h para determinação de clearance de creatinina e concentração urinária de sódio. Resultados: Da série total (28 pacientes) que concluíram todo o estudo, 14 apresentaram ascite em D2, das quais 10 pertenciam ao grupo A (58,8%) e 4 (36,4%) ao grupo B (p=0,246). Destas 14 pacientes, 7 preencheram os critérios de gravidade, sendo que 6 pertenciam ao grupo A e, somente uma, ao grupo B. Observou-se aumento dos valores médios de VEGF no Grupo A (134,93 pg/ml) em D2, enquanto no Grupo B, houve diminuição (119,11pg/ml) (p=0,462).Conclusões: A bromocriptina não preveniu a SHO precoce moderada ou grave em pacientes de alto risco submetidas a fertilização in vitro, no entanto, houve diminuição da quantidade de líquido intraperitoneal e dos níveis séricos de VEGF.
Title in English
Effects of bromocriptine in the prevention of early ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in high risk women submitted to in vitro fertilization
Keywords in English
Bromocriptin
Fertilization in vitro
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
Vascular endothelial growth factor
Abstract in English
Objective: To evaluate the effect of bromocriptine for the prevention of either early moderate or severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in high risk women submitted to in vitro fertilization. Patients and Methods: A double-blind, prospective, randomized study was carried out between February 2006 and November 2007 at the Human Reproduction Center, Department of Gynecology, Teaching Hospital of the School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, at the Huntington Center of Reproductive Medicine and at the Human Reproduction Center of Santa Joana Hospital and Maternity Home. Twenty-eight women between 20 and 39 years of age, considered high risk for the development of OHSS (presence of 20 follicles at transvaginal ultrasonography on the day prior to human chorionic gonadotrophin [hCG] administration; serum estradiol levels 3000 pg/ml prior to or on the day of hCG administration and/or a significant bilateral increase in ovarian diameter), were included. The participants were randomly allocated to one of two groups. Women in group A (n=17) took a 2.0 mg tablet of folic acid and women in group B (n=11) took a 2.5 mg tablet of bromocriptine. Both treatments were taken orally daily for 14 days beginning on the day of hCG administration. Patients were evaluated on the day of hCG administration (D1) and seven days later (D2) at which time the following tests were performed: abdominal ultrasonography to detect the presence of ascites; blood sampling for the assessment of hemoglobin, hematocrit, leukocytes, platelets, urea, creatinine, SGOT, SGPT and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In addition, a 24-hour urine sample was collected to determine creatinine clearance and urinary sodium concentration. Results: All patients concluded the study. Fourteen had ascites at D2, 10 in group A (58.8%) and 4 (36.4%) in group B (p=0.246). Of these 14 patients, 7 fulfilled the criteria for severe OHSS, 6 in group A and 1 in group B. An increase was identified in mean VEGF values in group A (134.93 pg/ml) at D2, while a reduction was found in group B (119.11 pg/ml) (p=0.462). Conclusions: Bromocriptine did neither prevent early moderate nor severe OHSS in high risk patients submitted to in vitro fertilization; however, a reduction occurred in the intraperitoneal fluid volume and in serum VEGF levels.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-03-25
 
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