• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2007.tde-20082007-155806
Document
Author
Full name
Márcia Aparecida de Faria Pádua
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Fonseca, Angela Maggio da (President)
Auge, Antonio Pedro Flores
Baracat, Edmund Chada
Pinto Neto, Aarão Mendes
Salomao, Antonio Jorge
Title in Portuguese
Terapia hormonal em mulheres na pós-menopausa com hepatite crônica pelo vírus C
Keywords in Portuguese
Estrogênio
Fígado.
Hepatite C
Pós-menopausa
Terapia de reposição hormonal
Abstract in Portuguese
OBJETIVO: Analisar a sintomatologia climatérica, a função hepática e a hemostasia das pacientes com hepatite crônica pelo vírus C, durante o uso da terapia hormonal. METODOLOGIA: As pacientes foram divididas em dois grupos: Grupo TH (Grupo caso) - 25 pacientes com terapia hormonal transdérmica (50mcg de estradiol e 170 mcg de noretisterona/dia) por 9 meses, e Grupo NT (Grupo controle) - 25 pacientes sem terapia hormonal, ambos com sintomas climatéricos. A menopausa foi confirmada pela dosagem do FSH, LH e estradiol, e a hepatite C foi diagnosticada pela sorologia, PCR (reação em cadeia de polimerase) e biópsia hepática (grau histológico variando de I-IV). Os dois grupos foram avaliados no mês 0, 1,4,7 e 9; sendo a sintomatologia climatérica mensurada através do Índice Menopausal de Kupperman, a função hepática e a hemostasia pelos exames: alanina aminotransferase, aspartato aminotransferase, gama glutamiltransferase, fosfatase alcalina, bilirrubinas, albumina, tempo de protrombina, fator V, fibrinogênio e plaquetas. ANÁLISE ESTATÍSTICA: realizada através do teste t de Student, teste de Mann Whitney e análises de variâncias com medidas repetidas com dois fatores. Após a realização das análises de variâncias, para os efeitos estatisticamente significantes foram realizadas comparações múltiplas através de contrastes ou do método de Dunnett. RESULTADOS: A média da idade das pacientes foi de 53,72 e a da menopausa foi de 47,3 anos. Os escores médios dos sintomas vasomotores, fraqueza, palpitação e a somatória dos valores atribuídos ao índice menopausal de Kupperman sofreram alteração no comportamento ao longo do tempo (p<0,05). Os valores da fosfatase alcalina apresentaram alteração no comportamento ao longo do tempo (p<0,05), entretanto, as demais medidas da função hepática e hemostasia, não apresentaram diferença entre os grupos. CONCLUSÕES: Houve melhora da sintomatologia climatérica. Não houve alteração na hemostasia e na função hepática, exceção feita à fosfatase alcalina que apresentou melhora significativa no Grupo TH a partir do 4º mês; portanto, houve melhora na qualidade de vida, sem interferência na função hepática e na hemostasia.
Title in English
Hormone therapy in postmenopausal women with chronic viral hepatitis C
Keywords in English
Estrogen
Hepatitis C
Hormone therapy
Liver.
Postmenopause
Abstract in English
OBJECTIVE: To analize climacteric symptoms, liver function, hemostasis in patients with chronic viral hepatitis C, during hormone therapy. DESIGN: Patients were divided in two groups: Group TH (Case Group) - 25 patients on transdermal hormone therapy (50mcg of estradiol and 170 mcg of norethisterone/day) for 9 months, and Group NT (Control Group) - 25 hormone-untreated patients, both with climacteric symptoms. Menopause was confirmed by measuring FSH, LH and estradiol, and hepatitis C was diagnosed by serology, PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) and liver biopsy (histological type stages I to IV). Both groups were evaluated in the months 0, 1, 4, 7 and 9; and the climacteric symptoms measured by using Kupperman menopausal index, liver function and hemostasis by the following laboratory tests: alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma glutamyl transferase, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, albumin, prothrombin time (PT), factor V, fibrinogen and platelets. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Student's t test, Mann-Whitney test and two-factor analysis of variance with repeated measures were applied. After analysis of variance, multi-factor analysis of variance was applied for the statistically significant effects using contrasts or Dunnett?s test. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 53.72 and the mean age of menopause was 47.3 years. The total mean scores for vasomotor symptoms, fatigue, palpitations and the sum of the values attributed to Kupperman menopausal index do change throughout time (p<0.05). Levels of alkaline phosphatase show alteration throughout time (p<0.05), although, other measures for liver function and hemostasis present no mean difference between the groups. CONCLUSION: There was an improvement in climacteric symptoms. No change was found in hemostasis levels or liver function. However, alkaline phosphatase levels significantly improved in Group TH starting in month 4; therefore, an increase in quality of life was observed.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
marciaapdefpadua.pdf (588.06 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-08-22
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2022. All rights reserved.