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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2013.tde-10122013-122532
Document
Author
Full name
Lorena Mesquita Batista Caldas
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Liao, Adolfo Wenjaw (President)
Francisco, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira
Marcolin, Alessandra Cristina
Title in Portuguese
Gestações com artéria umbilical única isolada: frequência de restrição do crescimento fetal
Keywords in Portuguese
Artéria umbilical única
Recém-nascido de baixo peso
Retardo do crescimento fetal
Ultrassonografia
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre artéria umbilical única isolada e restrição do crescimento fetal. Métodos: Estudo caso controle com levantamento retrospectivo de gestações únicas com diagnóstico antenatal de artéria umbilical única isolada (AUUI), avaliadas entre 1998 e 2010. O grupo controle consistiu de gestações únicas acompanhadas prospectivamente e com confirmação anatomopatológica de três vasos no cordão umbilical. Os grupos foram comparados quanto à média do peso ao nascer, frequências de baixo peso ( < 2.500g), muito baixo peso ao nascer ( < 1.500g) e restrição do crescimento fetal abaixo dos percentis 5 e 10. Para as diferenças significativas foram calculadas as razões de riscos e respectivos intervalos de confiança. Análise por regressão logística foi utilizada para investigar a associação de restrição do crescimento fetal com as variáveis independentes significativas. Resultados: A diferença entre a média do peso ao nascer, entre as gestações com AUUI (n=131, 2.840+-701g) e o grupo controle (n=730, 2.983+-671g) foi de 143g (IC95%= 17-269; p=0,04). Peso ao nascer abaixo do percentil 5 foi significativamente mais comum nas gestações com AUUI (21,4% versus 13,6%, p= 0,02, LR= 1,57, IC95%: 1,07-2,25), particularmente, no subgrupo de gestações com antecedentes clínicos e/ou intercorrências obstétricas associadas (28,6% versus 14,1%, p= 0,02, LR= 2,22, IC95%: 1,12-4,25). Não foram observadas diferenças significativas em relação às frequências de peso ao nascer abaixo de 2.500g, abaixo de 1.500g e restrição abaixo do percentil 10. Análise por regressão logística revelou que peso ao nascer inferior ao percentil 5 se relacionou significativamente somente à presença de artéria umbilical única isolada. Conclusão: Gestações únicas com artéria umbilical única isolada apresentaram risco aumentado de 1,6 vezes de restrição do crescimento fetal abaixo do percentil 5. Quando associada a antecedente clínico materno e/ou intercorrência obstétrica o risco aumentou em 2,2 vezes
Title in English
Isolated single umbilical artery: frequency of fetal growth restriction
Keywords in English
Fetal growth retardation
Infant low birth weight
Single umbilical artery
Ultrasonography
Abstract in English
Objective: To examine the association between isolated single umbilical artery (ISUA) and fetal growth restricion. Methods: Case control study with retrospective review of 131 singleton pregnancies with isolated single umbilical artery diagnosed prenataly between 1998 and 2010. Control group consisted of 730 singleton pregnancies prospectively evaluated with histological confirmation of 3 vessels cord. Mean birthweight and frequency of low birthweight ( < 2,500g), very low birthweigh ( < 1,500g) and fetal growth restriction below the 5th and 10th centiles were compared between groups. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated for significant differences. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between fetal growth restriction and significant independent variables. Results: The mean birthweight difference between ISUA (n=131, 2,840+-701g) and control (n=730, 2,983+-671g) pregnancies was 143g (95%CI= 17-269; p= 0.04). Birthweight below the 5th centile was more common in ISUA (21.4% versus 13.6%, p= 0.02, LR= 1.57, 95%CI: 1.07- 2.25); particularly in the subgroup of pregnancies with associated maternal disease or pregnancy complication (28.6% versus 14.1%, p= 0.02, LR= 2.22, 95%CI: 1.12-4.25). No significant differences were observed in low birthweight, very low birthweight or birthweight below the 10th centile. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that birthweight below the 5th centile was significantly associated with ISUA only. Conclusion: Isolated single umbilical artery is associated with 1.6 times increased risk of birthweight below the 5th centile. In pregnancies with associated maternal disease or pregnancy complication, this risk is increased 2.2 times
 
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Publishing Date
2013-12-10
 
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