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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2012.tde-10072012-161319
Document
Author
Full name
Cristiane Ortigosa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Nomura, Roseli Mieko Yamamoto (President)
Brizot, Maria de Lourdes
Calderon, Iracema de Mattos Paranhos
Miyadahira, Seizo
Rezende Filho, Jorge Fonte de
Title in Portuguese
Doppler venoso fetal na insuficiência placentária: relação com o pH no nascimento
Keywords in Portuguese
Circulação hepática
Hipoxia fetal
Insuficiência placentária
Ultrassonografia Doppler
Veias umbilicais
Abstract in Portuguese
OBJETIVO: O presente estudo, realizado em gestantes de alto risco com diagnóstico de insuficiência placentária, tem como objetivo avaliar o fluxo sanguíneo fetal na veia portal esquerda (VPE), veia umbilical (VU) e ducto venoso (DV), e estabelecer quais parâmetros associam-se com a acidemia fetal no nascimento. MÉTODO: Pesquisa prospectiva envolvendo 58 gestantes, classificadas segundo a presença ou ausência do diagnóstico de acidemia no nascimento, de acordo com o pH no sangue da artéria umbilical, constituindo-se de: Grupo I: 26 casos (acidemia pH<7,20) e Grupo II: 32 casos (pH normal pH7,20). Foram excluídos da pesquisa os casos com diagnóstico pós-natal de anomalia do RN e aqueles em que não se obteve a mensuração do pH no nascimento. As seguintes variáveis dopplervelocimétricas da VPE e VU foram comparadas entre os grupos: escore-zeta da TAMxV (time averaged maximum velocity) (cm/s), Q/Kg (fluxo sanguíneo por Kg de peso fetal) (ml/min/kg) e presença de pulsatilidade; e o escore-zeta do índice de pulsatilidade para veias (IPV) do DV. RESULTADOS: O escore-zeta da TAMxV (rho=0,392, P=0,002) e o Q/Kg da VPE (rho=0,274, P=0,037), o escore-zeta do IPV do DV (rho=-0,377, P=0,004) e o Q/Kg da VU (rho=0,261, P=0,048) apresentaram correlação significativa com o pH no nascimento. Realizando-se a análise de regressão logística multivariada, as variáveis independentes que restaram no modelo final para a ocorrência de acidemia no nascimento (pH<7,20) foram: escore-zeta da TAMxV da VPE (OR=0,41; IC95% 0,25 a 0,71; P=0,001) e fluxo reverso na VPE (OR=0,004; IC95% 0,00 a 0,15; P=0,003), ambas demonstrando efeito protetor para acidemia. Com o presente modelo, constatou-se que 74,1% dos casos são corretamente classificados para acidemia no nascimento. CONCLUSÕES: pela análise do Doppler venoso fetal na insuficiência placentária constatou-se que a acidemia no nascimento (pH<7,20) está associada de forma independente com o fluxo reverso na VPE e com o escore-zeta da TAMxV da VPE, ambos demonstrando efeito protetor com redução do risco para a acidemia
Title in English
Fetal venous Doppler in pregnancies with placental dysfunction: correlation with pH at birth
Keywords in English
Fetal hypoxia
Liver circulation
Placental insufficiency
Ultrasonography Doppler
Umbilical veins
Abstract in English
OBJECTIVE: This study, conducted in high-risk pregnancies with placental insufficiency, aims to avaliate blood flow in the fetal left portal vein (LPV), umbilical vein (UV) and ductus venosus (DV), and establish which parameters are associated with acidemia at birth. METHOD: A prospective research involving 58 pregnant women, classified according to the presence or absence of the diagnosis of fetal acidosis at birth, according to pH in the blood of the umbilical artery, consisting of: Group I: 26 cases (acidemia, pH <7,20) and Group II: 32 cases (normal pH, pH 7,20). Exclusion criteria were patients who had postnatal diagnosis of abnormality of the newborn and those in which the pH measurement was not obtained at birth. The following Doppler variables of LPV and UV were compared between the groups: TAMxV (Time Averaged Maximum Velocity) (cm/s) zeta-score, Q/kg (blood flow per kg of fetal weight) (ml/min/kg) and presence of pulsatility; and DV pulsality index for veins (PIV) zetascore. RESULTS: LPV TAMxV zeta-score (rho=0.392, P=0.002) and Q/kg (rho=0.274, P=0.037), DV PIV zeta-score (rho=-0.377, P=0.004) and UV Q/kg (rho=0.261, P=0.048) showed significant correlation with pH at birth. Performing the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the independent variables that remained in the final model were: TAMxV of LPV zeta-score (OR=0.41; IC95% 0.25 a 0.71; P=0.001) and reverse flow in LPV (OR=0.004; IC95% 0.00 a 0.15; P=0.003), both showing a protective effect to reduce the risk of acidemia. With this model, it was found that 74,1% of cases are correctly classified to birth acidemia. CONCLUSION: by analysis of fetal venous Doppler in placental insufficiency we found that acidemia at birth (pH <7.20) is independently associated with reverse flow in the LPV and LPV TAMxV z-score, both showing a protective effect with reduced risk for the event
 
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CristianeOrtigosa.pdf (2.34 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2012-07-12
 
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