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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2009.tde-22022010-152437
Document
Author
Full name
Luciane Antunes de Lemos
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Dias, Maria Joaquina Marques (President)
Araujo, Luiz Carlos Arias
Machado, Luis dos Ramos
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização das alterações dento-faciais em crianças portadoras da sequência de Moebius
Keywords in Portuguese
Autismo
Neuropediatria
Odontopediatria
Pacientes especiais
Polland
Protocolo
Síndrome de Moebius
Abstract in Portuguese
Os objetivos deste estudo foram avaliar os possíveis reflexos das anomalias detectadas na funcionalidade da cavidade oral e avaliar a saúde bucal dos pacientes portadores da Seqüência de Moebius. Na avaliação odontopediátrica foram examinados 42 pacientes do Ambulatório de Neuropediatria do ICr/HCFMUSP, 17 meninos e 25 meninas, entre 2 meses e 17 anos, por exame clínico desarmado, fotos e exames complementares, seguindo um protocolo previamente estruturado. Alguns parâmetros não foram observados em todos os pacientes. A partir da avaliação odontopediatrica, nos 42 pacientes examinados, verificou-se que 39 se alimentavam por via oral e três por gastrostomia. O tipo de alimento ingerido foi exclusivamente pastoso em três pacientes, pastoso e em pedaços em 13 pacientes, exclusivamente em pedaços em 13, pastoso e líquido (mamadeira) em sete e mamadeira exclusiva em quatro. A maioria dos pacientes apresentava algum grau de atrofia da língua (94%, n=33 pacientes) e em quatro ela estava colada no soalho da boca. No momento da avaliação a mordida era aberta em 15 pacientes e, quanto à relação oclusal, 11 eram retrognatas e 15 micrognatas. Em 33 pacientes o palato era ogival. Dentre as alterações dentais e dos tecidos moles 14 tinham cáries em estágio avançado e com cavitações aparentes, 25 gengivite com sangramento espontâneo à escovação e quatro periodontite com perda óssea grave. Dois pacientes apresentavam agenesia dental; um deles com dente fusionado e outro com ausência de úvula. Pelo fato do período embriológico da cavidade bucal, da cronologia e seqüência de formação e erupção dentária coincidir com a janela temporal em que se instalam as anomalias da SM, os resultados obtidos na presente pesquisa permitem traçar um perfil das características dento-faciais na SM, bem como das doenças bucais envolvidas, trazendo contribuições importantes no sentido de analisar o espectro mais amplo da SM.
Title in English
Dentofacial alterations in children with Möebius sequence
Keywords in English
Autism
Neuropediatry
Odontopediatry
Patient special
Polland
Protocol
Syndrome of Moebius
Abstract in English
The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible reflexes of the anomalies detected in the functionality of the oral cavity and evaluate the buccal health of the patients with the sequence of Moebius. In the evaluation odontopediatric were examined 42 patient of the Clinic of Neuropediatrics of the ICr/HCFMUSP, 17 boys and 25 girls, between 2 months and 17 years, at the clinical exam was made without instruments, photos and complemental exams, following a protocol previously structured. Some parameters were not observed in all the patients. Starting from the evaluation odontopediatric, in the 42 examined patients was verified that 39 if they fed orally and three for gastrostomy. The type of ingested food was exclusively pasty in three patient, pasty and in pieces in 13 patient, exclusively in pieces in 13, pasty and liquid (feeding bottle) in seven and exclusive feeding bottle in four. Most of the patients presented some degree of atrophy of the language (94%, n=33 patient) and in four it was fixed in the floor of the mouth. In the moment of the evaluation the bite was opened in 15 patient and, as for the occlusion relationship, 11 were retrognats and 15 micrognats. In 33 patient the palate was ogival. Among the dental alterations and of the soft tissue 14 had carie in advanced state and with apparent cavitations, 25 gengivite with spontaneous bleening after brushing and four periodontite with with serious bone loss. Two patients presented dental agenesy; one of them with fused tooth and other with uvula absence. For the fact of the embryological period of the buccal cavity, of the chronology and formation sequence and dental eruption to coincide with the temporary window in that they install the anomalies of the Sequence, the results obtained in the present researches allow to draw a profile of the dentofacial characteristics in SM, as well as of the involved buccal diseases, providing important contributions in the sense of analyzing the full spectrum of SM.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-03-02
 
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