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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2019.tde-11022019-110354
Document
Author
Full name
Juliana de Carvalho Neves
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Zanoteli, Edmar (President)
D'Almeida, Vania
Reed, Umbertina Conti
Shinjo, Sueli Mieko Oba
Tengan, Celia Harumi
Title in Portuguese
Regulação de receptores de IGF e PDGF na musculatura esquelética de camundongos com deficiência de neuraminidase 1
Keywords in Portuguese
Catepsinas
Fibroblastos
Lisossomos
Músculo esquelético
Neuraminidase 1
Receptor de fator de crescimento derivado de plaquetas
Receptor de fator de crescimento semelhante à insulina
Abstract in Portuguese
A neuraminidase 1 (Neu1) é a enzima que regula o catabolismo de sialoglicoconjugados nos lisossomos. A deficiência da Neu1 é a base da sialidose, doença grave associada a um amplo espectro de manifestações, incluindo hipotonia e fraqueza muscular. Camundongos com deficiência de Neu1 desenvolvem degeneração muscular caracterizada principalmente por atrofia, invasão das fibras musculares por fibroblastos e expansão da matriz extracelular. A Neu1 controla a proliferação de fibroblastos de pacientes por meio da desialilação dos receptores de PDGF e IGF. Além disso, há enzimas lisossomais que são moduladas pela Neu1, tais como as catepsinas, que são capazes de degradar componentes musculares e estariam excessivamente ou erroneamente ativas (sialiladas) em decorrência da deficiência de Neu1. O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar se o fenótipo da musculatura esquelética de camundongos Neu1-/- poderia estar associado à atividade do IGF-1R, PDGFR e/ou à sialilação de catepsina B, através da análise histológica e proteica de músculos esqueléticos e fibroblastos de camundongos Neu1+/+ e Neu1-/- tratados com inibidores de IGF1-R e PDGFR. O estudo da expressão proteica de catepsina B foi realizado nos músculos tratados com os inibidores de IGF-1R e PDGFR, e nas frações citosólica e lisossomal de fibroblastos tratados com neuraminidase exógena. Em comparação com camundongos Neu1+/+, os músculos de animais Neu1-/- apresentam menor área de fibra, peso corporal, expressão de pAkt e maior expressão de catepsina B; e os fibroblastos Neu1-/- exibem maior proliferação e expressão de pAkt. A inibição do IGF-1R em camundongos Neu1-/- aumentou a área das fibras musculares, expressão de pAKt e diminuiu a expressão de catepsina B; em relação aos fibroblastos Neu1-/-, entretanto aumentou a proliferação celular com diminuição de pAkt. A inibição do PDGFR em músculos de camundongos Neu1-/- levou ao aumento da expressão de pAkt, da área das fibras, com diminuição de pERK e catepsina L, quando comparados com os controles Neu1-/-; a mesma inibição in vitro conduziu à diminuição da expressão de pAkt, pERK e proliferação. A catepsina B encontra-se bastante ativa na fração lisossomal e o tratamento com neuraminidase foi eficaz na correção de seu peso molecular e compartimentalização lisossomal. De forma geral, o fenótipo muscular de camundongos Neu1-/- parece estar relacionado com a atividade de IGF-1R e PDGFR, e a catepsina B hipersialilada é potencialmente deletéria para o músculo esquelético
Title in English
Regulation of IGF and PDGF receptors in the skeletal muscle of neuraminidase 1 deficient mice
Keywords in English
Cathepsins
Fibroblasts
Insulin like growth factor receptor
Lysosomes
Muscle skeletal
Neuraminidase 1
Platelet-derived growth factor receptor
Abstract in English
Neuraminidase 1 (Neu1) is an enzyme that regulates the catabolism of sialoglycoconjugates in lysosomes. Neu1 deficiency is the basis of sialidosis, a severe disease associated with a broad spectrum of manifestations, including hypotonia and muscle weakness. Neu1 deficient mice develop muscular degeneration characterized by atrophy, invasion of muscle fibers by fibroblasts, and expansion of the extracellular matrix. Neu1 controls the proliferation of fibroblasts from patients through the desialylation of PDGF and IGF receptors. In addition, lysosomal enzymes are modulated by Neu1, such as cathepsins, which degrade muscle components and are excessively or erroneously active (sialylated) as a result of Neu1 deficiency. The aim of this study was to identify whether skeletal muscle phenotype of Neu1-/- mice may be associated with IGF-1R, PDGFR and/or sialylation of cathepsin B, through protein and histological analysis of skeletal muscles and fibroblast from Neu1+/+ and Neu1-/- mice treated with IGF-1R and PDGFR inhibitors. The study of cathepsin B protein expression was performed in skeletal muscles treated with IGF-1R and PDGFR inhibitors, and in the cytosolic and lysosomal fractions of fibroblasts treated with exogenous neuraminidase. Compared with Neu1+/+ animals, Neu1-/- muscles showed smaller muscle fiber area, body weight, pAkt expression and higher cathepsin B expression; and Neu1-/- fibroblasts exhibited increased proliferation and expression of pAkt. The inhibition of IGF-1R Neu1-/- mice increased the area of muscle fibers, expression of pAkt and decreased expression of cathepsin B; but, considering Neu1-/- fibroblasts, there was increased cell proliferation with reduction of pAkt. The inhibition of PDGFR in muscles of Neu1-/- mice led to increased expression of pAkt, muscle fiber area, with decreased expression of pERK and cathepsin L, when compared with the Neu1-/- controls; the same inhibition in vitro led to reduced expression of pAkt, pERK and cell proliferation. Cathepsin B presented high activity in the lysosomal fraction and the treatment with neuraminidase was effective in the correction of its molecular weight and lysosomal compartmentalization. In general, the muscular phenotype of Neu1-/- mice is possibly related to IGF-1R and PDGFR activity, and oversialylated cathepsin B is potentially deleterious for the skeletal muscle
 
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Publishing Date
2019-02-11
 
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