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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2009.tde-02092009-164126
Document
Author
Full name
João Paulo Consentino Solano
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Menezes, Paulo Rossi (President)
Menon, Márcia Angélica
Soriano, Francisco Garcia
Title in Portuguese
Frequência de sintomas no último ano de vida de idosos: avaliação de necessidades em cuidados paliativos
Keywords in Portuguese
Cuidados a doentes terminais
Cuidados paliativos
Idoso
Morte
Prevalência
Sinais e sintomas
Abstract in Portuguese
Este estudo objetivou entrevistar cuidadores de idosos falecidos, inventariando a presença, a gravidade e a duração de sintomas comuns no último ano de vida do idoso, e verificando a possibilidade de o idoso ter recebido tratamento paliativo para tais sintomas. Idosos foram arrolados por meio de inquérito domiciliar de base populacional no Butantã (São Paulo); idosos falecidos durante o período de seguimento (2 anos) eram elegíveis, desde que os cuidadores dos idosos fossem entrevistados entre três e 16 meses após o óbito; utilizou-se questionário sobre dor, ansiedade, depressão, choro, insônia, dispneia, astenia, anorexia, náuseas, obstipação, diarreia, incontinência urinária e fecal, e úlceras de pressão. Foram entrevistados 81 cuidadores; a idade média do idoso ao falecer foi 78 anos; as causas de óbito mais frequentes foram neoplasia, pneumonia, acidente vascular cerebral e insuficiência cardíaca congestiva; os sintomas mais frequentes no último ano de vida foram dor (78%), fadiga (68%), dispneia (60%), depressão e anorexia (58% cada); dor, dispneia e fadiga foram os mais intensos; dor, fadiga e depressão duraram 6 meses ou mais; na última semana de vida, os mais frequentes foram fadiga, incontinência urinária, anorexia, dispneia e dor; ficaram sem tratamento 79% dos idosos com depressão, 77% dos idosos com incontinência urinária e 67% dos idosos com ansiedade. É necessário melhor aplicar os conceitos e ações de cuidados paliativos para dar aos idosos brasileiros mais dignidade e qualidade ao final da vida.
Title in English
Frequency of symptoms in the last year of life of elders: a palliative care needs assessment
Keywords in English
Aged
Death
Hospice care
Prevalence
Abstract in English
The present study aimed at interviewing family caregivers of deceased elders to investigate the presence, severity and duration of common symptoms, as well as whether they were managed during the last year of life. Elders were enrolled to a population-based study in Butantã (western São Paulo); after a two-year follow-up assessment, any death was eligible for the present study since the carers were interviewed between three and sixteen months after the death of the elder, and responded to a questionnaire on: pain, anxiety, depression, easycrying, insomnia, dyspnea, fatigue, anorexia, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, urinary and fecal incontinence, and pressure sores. Eighty-one carers were interviewed; mean age was 78 among the deceased elders; the most frequent causes of death were cancer, pneumonia, stroke and heart disease; the most frequent symptoms at the last year were pain (78%), fatigue (68%), dyspnea (60%), depression and anorexia (58% each); pain, dyspnea and fatigue were the most severe; pain, fatigue and depression lasted 6 months or more; the most frequent in the last week of life were fatigue, urinary incontinence, anorexia, dyspnea and pain; no treatment was received for depression, urinary incontinence and anxiety (respectively, 79%, 77% and 67% of the elders with the symptom). It is mandatory to implement the concepts and actions of palliative care to provide Brazilian elders with dignity and better quality at the end of life.
 
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joaopcsolano.pdf (2.18 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2009-09-03
 
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