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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2011.tde-23052011-095353
Document
Author
Full name
Adriana Machado Saldiba de Lima
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Passarelli, Marisa (President)
Bertolami, Marcelo Chiara
Giannella, Maria Lucia Cardillo Correa
Machado, Ubiratan Fabres
Quintao, Eder Carlos Rocha
Title in Portuguese
Albumina modificada por glicação avançada no diabete melito tipo 1 e 2 prejudica o transporte reverso de colesterol e favorece o acúmulo de lípides em macrófagos
Keywords in Portuguese
Albumina sérica
Aterosclerose
Colesterol
Diabetes mellitus
Produtos finais de glicosilação
Abstract in Portuguese
Produtos de glicação avançada (AGE) são prevalentes no diabete melito e alteram o metabolismo de lípides e lipoproteínas. Neste estudo, avaliou-se a influência da albumina, isolada do soro de indivíduos controles (C, n =12) e de portadores de diabete melito tipo 1 (DM 1, n=13) e tipo 2 (DM 2, n=11), com controle glicêmico inadequado, sobre a remoção de colesterol de macrófagos, o acúmulo intracelular de lípides, o conteúdo do receptor de HDL, ABCA-1 e a captação seletiva de colesterol esterificado de HDL. Além disso, foi determinada a expressão diferencial de genes em macrófagos tratados com albumina C, DM 1 ou DM 2. A concentração plasmática de albumina glicada foi superior no grupo DM 1 e DM 2 em relação ao C e correlacionou-se positivamente com glicemia, hemoglobina glicada e frutosamina. Albumina sérica foi isolada por cromatografia para separação rápida de proteínas e purificada por extração alcoólica. Albumina DM 1 e DM 2 apresentaram maior conteúdo de carboximetil-lisina e apo A-I quando comparada à albumina C. Macrófagos enriquecidos com LDL acetilada e 14C-colesterol foram tratados com albumina C, DM 1 ou DM 2 e, a seguir, incubados na presença ou ausência de apo A-I, HDL3 ou HDL2 para determinação do efluxo de colesterol. Apesar de removerem maior quantidade de colesterol celular, as albumina DM 1 e DM 2 reduziram o efluxo de colesterol mediado por apo A-I (70% e 45%, respectivamente) e HDL2 (55% e 54%, respectivamente) em comparação à albumina C. Com HDL3, a queda no efluxo de colesterol só foi observada em macrófagos expostos à albumina DM 2 (55%). Macrófagos incubados apenas com albumina C, DM 1 ou DM 2 apresentaram conteúdo lipídico semelhante, evidenciado por coloração com Oil Red O. A adição de apo A-I, HDL3 ou HDL2 reduziu o conteúdo lipídico apenas nas células tratadas com albumina C, mas não com albumina DM 1 ou DM 2. A expressão de ABCA-1 foi diminuída 82% e 25% em macrófagos expostos, respectivamente, à albumina DM 1 e DM 2, em comparação às células tratadas com albumina C. As albuminas DM 1 e DM 2 reduziram a captação de 3H colesteril oleoil éter de HDL por células que superexpressam o receptor SR-BI. Estes resultados também foram obtidos com albumina humana modificada in vitro por glicação avançada. As albuminas isoladas dos pacientes diabéticos aumentaram a expressão de receptores envolvidos na captação de LDL modificadas e de proteínas que modulam vias da homeostase do colesterol. Os resultados deste estudo evidenciaram que a modificação in vivo da albumina por glicação avançada prejudica o transporte reverso de colesterol no diabete melito, por reduzir a expressão de ABCA-1 e a remoção de colesterol de macrófagos, bem como a captação seletiva de colesterol esterificado de HDL pelo SR-BI. Independentemente de variação na concentração e composição de HDL, a glicação da albumina pode contribuir para o acúmulo de lípides em macrófagos e gênese da aterosclerose no diabete melito
Title in English
Impairment in reverse cholesterol transport and macrophage lipid accumulation induced by advanced glycated albumin drawn from uncontrolled type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus patients
Keywords in English
Advanced glycosylation end products
Atherosclerosis
Cholesterol
Diabetes mellitus
Serum albumin
Abstract in English
Advanced glycation end products are prevalent in diabetes mellitus and alter lipids and lipoprotein metabolism. In this study we analyzed the role of albumin, isolated from control individuals (C, n = 12) and uncontrolled type 1 (DM 1, n = 13) and type 2 (DM 2, n = 11) diabetes mellitus patients on macrophage cholesterol removal, intracellular lipid accumulation, expression of the HDL receptor protein level, ABCA-1and the uptake of esterified cholesterol from HDL. It was also investigated the differential gene expression in macrophages treated with C, DM 1 or DM 2 albumin. Glycated albumin was higher in DM 1 and DM 2 groups as compared to C and was positivetly correlated with glycemia, glycated hemoglobin and fructosamine. Serum albumin was isolated by fast protein liquid chromatography and alchoolic extraction. DM 1 and DM 2 albumin presented a higher amount of carboxymethyllysine and apo A-I as compared to C albumin. In order to determine cholesterol efflux acetylated LDL and 14C-cholesterol enriched J- 774 macrophages were treated with C, DM 1 or DM 2 albumin and then incubated in the absence or presence of apo A-I, HDL3 or HDL2. Although presenting a higher ability to remove cell cholesterol by itself, DM 1 and DM 2 albumin reduced cholesterol efflux mediated by apo A-I (70% e 45%, respectively) and by HDL2 (55% e 54%, respectively) as compared to C albumin. With HDL3 the reduction of the cholesterol efflux was only observed in macrophages treated with DM 2 albumin (55%) in comparison to C albumin. Macrophages incubated with C, DM 1 or DM 2 albumin alone presented similar amount of intracellular lipids as assessed by Oil Red O staining. The addition of apo A-I, HDL3 or HDL2 reduced the lipid content in cells treated with C albumin, but not in those exposed to DM 1 or DM 2 albumin. The expression of ABCA-1 was reduced 82% and 25% in macrophages treated, respectively, with DM 1 or DM 2 albumin, in comparison to C albumin. DM 1 and DM 2 albumin reduced the uptake of 3H colesteril oleoyl ether from HDL by SR-BI overexpressing cells. These findings also were obtained when cells were treated in vitro with human serum albumin submitted to advanced glycation. DM 1 and DM 2 albumin enhanced the expression of receptors involved in the uptake of modified LDL and cholesterol homeostasis. Our findings showed that the advanced glycation of albumin that takes place in diabetes mellitus impairs the reverse cholesterol transport efficiency by reducing the ABCA-1 expression and cholesterol exportation to HDL and also by diminishing the uptake of esterified cholesterol from HDL. Independently of changes in HDL composition and concentration, advanced glycated albumin contributes to cholesterol accumulation in macrophages and atherogenesis in diabetes mellitus
 
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Publishing Date
2011-05-25
 
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